2 0 0 8
VOLVO
XC70

218
 06 Maintenance and specifications

Volvo maintenance220
Maintaining your car221
Hood and engine compartment223
Engine oil224
Fluids226
Replacing bulbs228
Wiper blades and washer fluid235
Battery237
Fuses240
Wheels and tires245
Vehicle care265
Label information270
Specifications272
Volvo programs281

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 06 Maintenance and specifications

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 06 Maintenance and specifications

Volvo maintenance

Introduction

Volvo advises you to follow the maintenance program outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet. This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your vehicle. The maintenance services contain several checks that require special tools and training, and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S.
The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These services, which are listed in the "Warranty and Service Records Information" booklet, are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.

Maintenance
Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with Volvo specifications. The maintenance procedures outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet, many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise concerning maintenance. Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.

Applicable warranties - U.S./Canada
In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is provided.

  • New Vehicle Limited Warranty
  • Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
  • Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
  • Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
  • Emission Design and Defect Warranty
  • Emission Performance Warranty

    These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer to your separate Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

    Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions
    Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well. Your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet provides a comprehensive periodic maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles (240,000 km) of vehicle maintenance. The schedule includes components that affect vehicle emissions. This page describes some of the emission-related components.

    Vehicle Event Data (Black Box)
    Your vehicle's driving and safety systems employ computers that monitor, and share with each other, information about your vehicle's operation. One or more of these computers may store what they monitor, either during normal vehicle operation or in a crash or near-crash event. Stored information may be read and used by:

  • Volvo Car Corporation
  • service and repair facilities
  • law enforcement or government agencies
  • others who may assert a legal right to know, or who obtain your consent to know such information.

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    Maintaining your car

    Owner maintenance

    Periodic maintenance requirements and intervals are described in your vehicle's Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.

    The following points can be carried out between the normally scheduled maintenance services.

    Each time the car is refueled:

  • Check the engine oil level.
  • Clean the windshield, windshield wipers, headlights, and tail lights.

    Monthly:

  • Check cold tire pressure in all tires. Inspect the tires for wear.
  • Check that engine coolant and other fluid levels are between the indicated "min" and "max" markings.
  • Clean interior glass surfaces with a glass cleaner and soft paper towels.
  • Wipe driver information displays with a soft cloth.
  • Visually inspect battery terminals for corrosion. Corrosion may indicate a loose terminal connector, or a battery near the end of its useful service life. Consult your Volvo retailer for additional information.

    As needed:
    Wash the car, including the undercarriage, to reduce wear that can be caused by a buildup of dirt, and corrosion that can be caused by salt residues.

    Clean leaves and twigs from air intake vents at the base of the windshield, and from other places where they may collect.

    note NOTE
    Complete service information for qualified technicians is available online for purchase or subscription at www.volvotechinfo.com.

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    Maintaining your car

    Emission inspection readiness

    What is an Onboard Diagnostic System (OBD II)?
    OBD II is part of your vehicle's computerized engine management system. It stores diagnostic information about your vehicle's emission controls. It can light the Check Engine light (MIL) if it detects an emission control "fault." A "fault" is a component or system that is not performing within an expected range. A fault may be permanent or temporary. OBD II will store a message about any fault.

    How do states use OBD II for emission inspections?
    Many states connect a computer directly to a vehicle's OBD II system. The inspector can then read "faults." In some states, this type of inspection has replaced the tailpipe emission test.

    How can my vehicle fail OBD II emission inspection?
    Your vehicle can fail OBD II emission inspection for any of the following reasons.

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit, your vehicle may fail inspection.
  • If your vehicle's Check Engine light was lit, but went out without any action on your part, OBD II will still have a recorded fault. Your vehicle may pass or fail, depending on the inspection practices in your area.
  • If you had recent service that required disconnecting the battery, OBD II diagnostic information may be incomplete and "not ready" for inspection. A vehicle that is not ready may fail inspection.

    How can I prepare for my next OBD II emission inspection?

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit - or was lit but went out without service, have your vehicle diagnosed and, if necessary, serviced by a qualified Volvo technician.
  • If you recently had service for a lit Check Engine light, or if you had service that required disconnecting the battery, a period of driving is necessary to bring the OBD II system to "ready" for inspection. A half-hour trip of mixed stop-and-go/highway driving is typically needed to allow OBD II to reach readiness. Your Volvo retailer can provide you with more information on planning a trip.
  • Maintain your vehicle in accordance with your vehicle's maintenance schedule.

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    Hood and engine compartment

    Opening and closing the hood

    Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release the hood lock.

    Lift the hood slightly. Press the release control (located under the right front edge of the hood) to the left, and lift the hood

    warning WARNING
    Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

    Engine compartment, overview

    The appearance of the engine compartment may vary depending on engine model.

    Coolant expansion tank

    Power steering fluid reservoir

    Engine oil dipstick

    Radiator

    Filler cap for engine oil

    Cover over brake fluid reservoir

    Battery

    Relay and fuse box

    Washer fluid reservoir

    Air cleaner

    warning WARNING
    The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

    warning WARNING
    The ignition should always be completely switched off before performing any operations in the engine compartment.
    The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:
  • Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.
  • Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.
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    Engine oil

    Checking the engine oil

    The oil level should be checked every time the vehicle is refueled. This is especially important during the period up to the first scheduled maintenance service.

  • See page 276 for oil specifications.
  • Refer to the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for information on the oil change intervals.

    Volvo recommends Castrol oil products.

    CAUTION
  • Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.
  • Oil that is lower than the specified quality can damage the engine.
  • Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.
  • Always add oil of the same type and viscosity as already used.
  • Never fill oil above the MAX mark. This could cause an increase in oil consumption.
  • Checking and adding oil

    note NOTE
    Before checking the oil:
  • The car should be parked on a level surface when the oil is checked.
  • If the engine is warm, wait for at least 10-15 minutes after the engine has been switched off before checking the oil.
  • Checking the oil
    1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a lint-free rag.

    2. Reinsert the dipstick, pull it out, and check the oil level. The level must be between the MIN and MAX marks.

    3. Add oil if necessary. If the level is close to the MIN mark, add approximately 0.5 US quarts (0.5 liters) of oil.

    4. Recheck the level and add more oil if necessary until the level is near the MAX mark.

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    Engine oil

    warning WARNING
    Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

    note NOTE
    Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

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    Fluids

    Coolant

    Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    See page 279 for information on cooling system capacities.

    CAUTION
  • Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).
  • The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level, and the level must be between the MIN and MAX marks. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed. Check coolant regularly.
  • warning WARNING
  • Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools.
  • If it is necessary to top off the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap slowly so that the overpressure dissipates.
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    Fluids

    Brake fluid

    Checking the level
    The fluid reservoir is concealed under the round cover at the rear of the engine compartment. The round cover must be removed first before the reservoir cap can be accessed.

    The brake fluid should always be between the MIN and MAX marks on the inside of the reservoir. Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

    Fluid type: DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433

    Replace: The fluid should be replaced according to the intervals specified in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.

    When driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc), it may be necessary to replace the fluid more often. Consult a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    Always entrust brake fluid changing to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    warning WARNING
    If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a brake-related message is shown in the information display: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the car towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician and have the brake system inspected.

    Filling
    Turn and open the cover.

    Unscrew the reservoir cap and fill the fluid. The level must be between the MIN and MAX marks.

    Power steering fluid

    Check the level frequently. The fluid does not require changing. The fluid level must be between the MIN and MAX marks. For capacities and recommended fluid grade, see page 279.

    warning WARNING
    If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will be required to turn the steering wheel.

    CAUTION
    Keep the area around the power steering fluid reservoir clean when checking.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Introduction

    All bulb specifications are listed on page 234. The following bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician:

  • Dome lighting
  • Reading lights
  • Glove compartment lighting
  • Turn signals in the door mirror
  • Approach lighting in the door mirror
  • Brake/fog/taillights
  • Rear side parking lights
  • Active Bi-Xenon® and LED bulbs

    warning WARNING
  • Active Bi-Xenon® headlights (option) - due to the high voltage used by these headlights, these bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • Turn off the lights and remove the remote key from the ignition before changing any bulbs.
  • Headlight housing

    The entire headlight housing must be lifted out when replacing all front bulbs (except for the fog lights).

    CAUTION
    Never touch the glass of bulbs with your fingers. Grease and oils from your fingers vaporize in the heat and will leave a deposit on the reflector, which will damage it.

    note NOTE
  • Always switch off the ignition before starting to replace a bulb.
  • The optional Bi-Xenon® headlight bulbs contain trace amounts of mercury. These bulbs should always be disposed of by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • Removing the headlight housing
    1. Switch off the ignition by pressing quickly on the START/STOP ENGINE button and remove the remote key from the ignition slot1.

    2. (Upper illustration)
    Withdraw the headlight housing's locking pins.
    Pull the headlight housing straight out.

    3. (Lower illustration)
    Unplug the wiring connector by holding down the clip with your thumb.
    Pull out the connector with the other hand.

    CAUTION
    Pull the connector, not the wiring.

    1Does not apply to vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

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    Replacing bulbs

    4. Lift out the housing and place it on a soft surface to avoid scratching the lens.

    5. Replace the defective bulb(s), see page 234.

    Reinserting the headlight housing
    1. Plug in the connector until it clicks into place.

    2. Reinstall the headlight housing and locking pins. Check that they are correctly inserted. The headlight housing must be properly inserted and secured in place before the lighting is switched on or the remote key is inserted into the ignition slot.

    3. Check that the lights function properly.

    Removing the cover to access the headlights and parking lights

    note NOTE
    Before starting to replace a bulb, see page 228.

    1. Open the retaining clamp by pressing it to the side.

    2. Press down the clips on the upper edge of the cover and remove it.

    Reinstall the cover in the reverse order.

    Low beam, halogen

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228.

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs.

    3. Detach the bulb by pressing the upper section of the retaining spring downward and to the side.

    4. Unplug the connector from the bulb.

    5. Replace the bulb and reinsert it into the headlight housing.

    6. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

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    High beam, Halogen

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228).

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 229).

    3. Pull the bulb holder out of the headlight housing.

    4. Pull the defective bulb out of the socket.

    5. Press the new bulb into the socket until it snaps into place. It can only be secured in one position.

    6. Return the bulb holder into position in the headlight housing.

    7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

    Extra high beam1

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228).

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 229).

    3. Remove the bulb by pressing the holder downward.

    4. Remove the connector from the bulb.

    5. Insert a new bulb in the connector until it snaps in place. It can only be inserted in one way.

    6. Return the bulb holder into position in the headlight housing.

    7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

    1Models with optional Active Bi-Xenon® headlights only.

    Parking lights

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228.

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 229.

    3. To access the bulb, first remove the high beam bulb

    4. Pull the wire to withdraw the bulb holder.

    5. Remove the burned out bulb and install a new one. It can only be secured in one position.

    6. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

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    Turn signals

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228).

    2. Remove the round cover by pulling the tab until the cover comes off.

    3. Pull out the holder to access the bulb.

    4. Remove the burned out bulb by pressing it in slightly and turning out before pulling it out. Press a new bulb into the socket.

    5. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    6. Press the cover until it clicks into position.

    7. Reinstall the headlight housing.

    Side marker lights

    note NOTE
    Before starting to replace a bulb, see page 228.

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 228).

    2. Remove the round cover.

    3. Pull the wire to withdraw the bulb holder.

    4. Pull out the burned out bulb and install a new one. It can only be secured in one position.

    5. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    6. Press the cover until it clicks into position.

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    Fog lights

    1. Remove the cover by pressing in the clips and pulling straight out.

    2. Unscrew the fog light housing screw and pull it out.

    3. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and remove it.

    4. Install a new bulb by turning clockwise.

    5. Press the bulb into the holder. (The profile of the bulb holder corresponds to the profile of the foot of the bulb.)

    6. Reinstall the bulb holder. The TOP mark on the bulb holder must always be upward.

    7. Put the cover back into place.

    Taillight housing, turn signal

    The bulbs in the taillight cluster are replaced from inside the cargo area (not the LED functions).

    note NOTE
    Before starting to replace a bulb, see page 228.

    1. Open the panel.

    2. Remove the insulation by pulling straight out.

    3. Remove the entire bulb unit by turning its handle counterclockwise.

    4. Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out.

    Replace the bulb in the reverse order.

    Location of taillight bulbs

    Parking/brake lights (LED)

    Side maker lights (LED)

    Turn signal

    Reflector

    Rear fog light (driver's side only)

    Backup light

    Brake lights (LED)

    High-mounted brake lights (LED)

    note NOTE
    If an error message remains in the display after a faulty bulb has been replaced, contact an authorized Volvo workshop.

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    Replacing bulbs

    License plate lighting

    1. Remove the screws with a screwdriver.

    2. Carefully detach the entire bulb housing and pull it out.

    3. Replace the bulb.

    4. Refit the entire bulb housing and screw it into place.

    Footwell lighting

    1. Insert a screwdriver at the short end of the lens closest to the tunnel console (the center of the vehicle) and turn gently so that the lens comes loose. (Applies to both lights).

    2. Turn carefully until the lens comes loose.

    3. Replace the bulb.

    4. Press the lens back into place.

    Cargo area lighting

    note NOTE
    Before starting to replace a bulb, see page 228.

    1. Insert a screwdriver and gently turn so that the bulb housing comes loose.

    2. Replace the bulb.

    3. Check that the bulb illuminates and press it back into the bulb housing.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Vanity mirror lighting

    Removing the mirror glass

    1. Insert a screwdriver underneath the lower edge, in the center, turn and carefully pry up the lug on the edge.

    2. Insert the screwdriver underneath the edge on the left and right sides (by the black rubber sections), and pry carefully so that the glass comes loose in the lower edge.

    3. Carefully detach and lift aside the entire mirror glass and cover.

    4. Replace the bulb.

    Reinstalling the mirror glass
    1. Press the three lugs at top edge of the mirror glass back into position.

    2. Press the three lower lugs back into position.

    Specification, bulbs

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    Wiper blades and washer fluid

    Wiper blades

    The windshield wiper blades are different lengths. The blade on the driver's side is longer than the blade on the passenger side.

    Service position
    The windshield wiper blades must be in the service (vertical) position for replacement or washing.

    1. Switch off the ignition (ignition mode 0, see page 80) and keep the remote key in the ignition slot1.

    2. Move the right steering wheel lever up and hold it for at least 1 second. The wipers will then move to the vertical position on the windshield.

    The wipers will return to the normal position when the vehicle is started.

    1Does not apply to vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

    Replacing the windshield wiper blades

    With the wipers in the service position, fold out the wiper arm from the windshield. Press the button on the wiper blade attachment and pull the wiper blade straight out, parallel with the wiper arm.

    Slide in the new wiper blade until it clicks into place.

    Check that the blade is securely in place.

    Cleaning

    Keeping the windshield and wiper blades clean helps improve visibility and prolongs the service life of the wiper blades. Clean the wiper blades with a stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soap solution or car washing detergent.

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    Wiper blades and washer fluid

    Replacing the tailgate wiper blade

    1. Fold the wiper arm outward.

    2. Grasp the inner section of wiper blade (at the arrow).

    3. Pull out the blade to release it from the wiper arm.

    4. Press the new wiper blade into place and check that it seats securely.

    5. Fold the wiper arm back toward the tailgate window.

    Filling washer fluid

    The windshield and headlight washers share a common reservoir.

    The washer fluid reservoir is located on the driver's side of the engine compartment. During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze. For capacities, see page 279.

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    Battery

    Warning symbols on the battery

    note NOTE
    A used battery should be disposed of in an environmentally responsible manner. Consult your Volvo retailer or take the battery to a recycling station.

    Handling

  • Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and tightened.
  • Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running (for example, when replacing the battery).

    The service life and function of the battery is influenced by factors such as the number of starts, discharging, driving style, driving conditions, climatic conditions etc.

    Never use a quick charger to charge the battery.

    warning WARNING
  • Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
  • Do not smoke near the battery.
  • Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.
  • note NOTE
    The life of the battery is shortened if it becomes discharged repeatedly.

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    Battery

    Maintenance

  • Regularly check that the electrolyte level is correct and never fill above the level mark.
  • Check all cells. Use a large screwdriver or a coin to remove the cell caps. Each cell has its own maximum and minimum level mark.
  • If necessary, top up with distilled water to the battery's maximum mark.
  • Tighten the cell caps thoroughly.

    CAUTION
  • Always use distilled or deionized water (battery water).
  • Never fill above the level mark in the cell.
  • Changing

    warning WARNING
    Connect and disconnect the positive and negative cables in the correct sequence.

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    Battery

    Removal
    Switch off the ignition and wait at least 5 minutes before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the vehicle's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.

    Open the clips on the front cover and remove the cover.

    Release the rubber moulding so that the rear cover is free.

    Remove the rear cover by pulling it away.


       Detach the black negative cable
       Detach the red positive cable
       Detach the ventilation hose
       Loosen the screw holding the battery clamp.

    Move the battery to the side and lift it up.

    warning WARNING
    PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!

    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

    Installation
    1. Lower the battery into the battery box.

    2. Move the battery inward and to the side until it reaches the rear edge of the box.

    3. Screw in the battery with the screw in the clamp.

    4. Connect the ventilation hose.

    5. Connect the red positive cable.

    6. Connect the black negative cable.

    7. Press in the rear cover. (See Removal).

    8. Reinstall the cold section moulding. (See Removal).

    9. Reinstall the front cover and secure it with the clips. (See Removal).

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    Fuses

    Replacing fuses

    There are relay/fuse boxes located in the engine compartment, the passenger compartment, and the cargo area.

    If an electrical component fails to function, this may be due to a blown fuse. The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it.

    To do so:

    1. Pull the fuse straight out. If a fuse is difficult to remove, special fuse removal tools are located on the inside of the fuse box covers.

    2. From the side, examine the curved metal wire in the fuse to see if it is intact.

    If the wire is broken, insert a new fuse of the same color and amperage (written on the fuse).

    If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system inspected by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    warning WARNING
    Never use metal objects or fuses with higher amperage than those stated on the following pages. Doing so could seriously damage or overload the vehicle's electrical system.

    Location of the fuse boxes

    Under the glove compartment

    Engine compartment

    Cargo area

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    Fuses

    Engine compartment

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    Fuses

    Engine compartment, upper

    Engine compartment, front

    Engine compartment, lower These fuses are all located in the engine compartment box. Fuses in are located under .

    note NOTE
  • Fuses 16-33 are 35-41 may be changed at any time when necessary.
  • Fuses 1-15, 34, and 42-44 are relays/circuit breakers and should only be removed or replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • There is a special fuse removal tool on the underside of the cover.
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     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Fuses

    Under the glove compartment

    Fold aside the interior trim covering the fuse box.

    Press the cover's lock and fold it up.

    The fuses are accessible.

    Positions

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    Fuses

    Cargo area

    Positions



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