2 0 0 8

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Driving recommendations192
Cargo area208
Towing a trailer213
Emergency towing216

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 05 During your trip

Driving recommendations

General information

Economical driving conserves natural resources
Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions.

Observe the following rules:

  • Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.
  • Whenever possible, avoid using the vehicle for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.
  • Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.
  • Use the transmission's Drive (D) position as often as possible and avoid using kickdown.
  • Do not exceed posted speed limits.
  • Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the vehicle.
  • Maintain correct tire pressure. Check tire pressure regularly (when tires are cold).
  • Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.
  • Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc, increase air resistance and also fuel consumption.
  • At highway driving speeds, fuel consumption will be lower with the air conditioning on and the windows closed than with the air conditioning off and the windows open.
  • Using the onboard trip computer's fuel consumption modes can help you learn how to drive more economically.

    Other factors that decrease gas mileage are:

  • Dirty air cleaner
  • Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter
  • Dragging brakes
  • Incorrect front end alignment

    Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard maintenance intervals.

    warning WARNING
    Driving with the tailgate open: Driving with the tailgate open could lead to poisonous exhaust gases entering the passenger compartment. If the tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:
  • Close the windows
  • Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and the blower control to its highest setting.
  • Weight distribution affects handling
    At the specified curb weight your vehicle has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the cargo area, the less the tendency to understeer.

    Handling, roadholding
    Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See the "Tire pressure" section. Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight

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    Driving recommendations

    or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.

    Driving through water
    The vehicle can be driven through water up to a depth of approximately 9 in. (25 cm), at a maximum speed of 6 mph (10 km/h).

    Take particular care when driving through flowing water.

    Clean the electrical connections for trailer wiring after driving in mud or water.

    When driving through water, maintain low speed and do not stop in the water.

    warning WARNING
    After driving through water, press lightly on the brake pedal to ensure that the brakes are functioning normally. Water or mud can make the brake linings slippery, resulting in delayed braking effect.

  • Engine damage will occur if water is drawn into the air cleaner.
  • If the vehicle is driven through water deeper than 9 in (25 cm), water may enter the differential and the transmission. This reduces the oil's lubricating capacity and may shorten the service life of these components.
  • Do not allow the vehicle to stand in water up to the door sills longer than absolutely necessary. This could result in electrical malfunctions.
  • If the engine has been stopped while the vehicle is in water, do not attempt to restart it. Have the vehicle towed out of the water.
  • Engine and cooling system
    Under special conditions, for example when driving in hilly terrain, extreme heat or with heavy loads, there is a risk that the engine and cooling system will overheat. Proceed as follows to avoid overheating the engine.

  • Maintain a low speed when driving with a trailer up long, steep hills.
  • Do not turn the engine off immediately when stopping after a hard drive.

    warning WARNING
    The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

  • Remove any auxiliary lights from in front of the grille when driving in hot weather conditions.
  • Do not exceed engine speeds of 4500 rpm if driving with a trailer in hilly terrain. The oil temperature could become too high.

    Conserving electrical current
    Keep the following in mind to help minimize battery drain:

  • When the engine is not running, avoid using ignition mode II. Many electrical systems (the audio system, the optional navigation system, power windows, etc) will function in ignition modes 0 and I. These modes reduce drain on the battery.
  • Please keep in mind that using systems, accessories, etc., that consume a great deal of current when the engine is not running could result in the battery being completely drained.
  • The optional 12 volt socket in the cargo area provides electrical current even with the ignition switched off, which drains the battery.

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    Driving recommendations

    Before a long distance trip
    It is always worthwhile to have your vehicle checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

    As a minimum, the following items should be checked before any long trip:

  • Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
  • Check for fuel, oil, and fluid leakage
  • Have the transmission oil level checked.
  • Check condition of drive belts.
  • Check state of the battery's charge.
  • Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
  • The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician only.
  • Check all lights, including high beams.
  • Reflective warning triangles are legally required in some states/provinces.
  • Have a word with a trained and qualified Volvo service technician if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain the correct fuel.
  • Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to occur, consider snow tires.

    Cold weather precautions
    If you wish to check your vehicle before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:

  • Make sure that the engine coolant contains 50 percent antifreeze. Any other mixture will reduce freeze protection. This gives protection against freezing down to - 31°F (-35°C). The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze must not be mixed.
  • Volvo recommends using only genuine Volvo antifreeze in your vehicle's radiator.
  • Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this helps prevent the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
  • The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See page 276 for more information on engine oil.

    note NOTE
    Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional charge.

  • The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.
  • Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving. See the information on page 259.
  • To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze. This is important since dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows: Down to 14° F (-10° C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water Down to 5° F (-15° C):

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    Driving recommendations

    1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water Down to 0° F (-18° C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water Down to -18° F (-28° C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water.
  • Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.
  • Avoid using de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

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    Fuel requirements

    Deposit control gasoline (detergent additives)
    Volvo recommends the use of detergent gasoline to control engine deposits. Detergent gasoline is effective in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good drivability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.

    note NOTE
    Volvo does not recommend the use of external fuel injector cleaning systems.

    Unleaded fuel
    Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your vehicle's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

    note NOTE
    Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methyl-cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System performance may be affected, and the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator light) located on your instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician for service.

    Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers, "Oxygenated fuels"
    Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers. However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality standards, some areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel.

    Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated" fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on page 197 must still be met.

    Alcohol - Ethanol
    Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".

    Ethers - MTBE: Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.

    Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

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    Octane rating


    Volvo recommends premium for best performance, but using 87 octane or above will not affect engine reliability.

    Volvo engines are designed to achieve rated horsepower, torque, and fuel economy performance using premium 91 octane fuel.


    In demanding driving conditions, such as operating the vehicle in hot weather, towing a trailer, or driving for extended periods at higher altitudes than normal, it may be advisable to switch to higher octane fuel (91 or higher) or to change gasoline brands to fully utilize your engine's capacity, and for the smoothest possible operation.

    note NOTE
    When switching to higher octane fuel or changing gasoline brands, it may be necessary to fill the tank more than once before a difference in engine operation is noticeable.

    Fuel Formulations
    Do not use gasoline that contains lead as a knock inhibitor, and do not use lead additives. Besides damaging the exhaust emission control systems on your vehicle, lead has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer.

    Many fuels contain benzene as a solvent. Unburned benzene has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer. If you live in an area where you must fill your own gas tank, take precautions. These may include:

  • standing upwind away from the filler nozzle while refueling
  • refueling only at gas stations with vapor recovery systems that fully seal the mouth of the filler neck during refueling
  • wearing neoprene gloves while handling a fuel filler nozzle.

    Use of Additives
    With the exception of gas line antifreeze during winter months, do not add solvents, thickeners, or other store-bought additives to your vehicle's fuel, cooling, or lubricating systems. Overuse may damage your engine, and some of these additives contain organically volatile chemicals. Do not needlessly expose yourself to these chemicals.

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    warning WARNING
    Never carry a cell phone that is switched on while refueling your vehicle. If the phone rings, this may cause a spark that could ignite gasoline fumes, resulting in fire and injury.

    warning WARNING
  • Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, and odorless gas. It is present in all exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated, and immediately return the vehicle to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician for correction.
  • Opening/closing the fuel filler door

    The fuel filler door is located on the right rear fender (indicated by an arrow beside the fuel tank symbol on the information display )

    With the ignition switched off, press the button on the lighting panel to unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the fuel filler door will remain unlocked until the vehicle begins to move forward. An audible click will be heard when the fuel filler door relocks.

  • If you intend to leave your vehicle while it is being refueled, this feature enables you to lock the doors/trunk while leaving the fuel filler door unlocked.
  • You can also keep the vehicle locked if you remain inside it during refueling. The central locking button does not lock the fuel filler door.
  • Be sure the fuel filler door is not obstructed and is completely closed after refueling.
  • Open the fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather.

    Close the fuel filler door by pressing it a click indicates that it is closed.

    Avoid spilling gasoline during refueling. In addition to causing damage to the environment, gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

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    Manually opening the fuel filler door

    If necessary, the fuel filler door can be opened manually.

    Open the side hatch in the cargo area (on the same side as the fuel filler door).

    Grasp the green cord with a handle.

    Pull the cord straight rearward until the fuel filler door clicks open

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    Opening/closing the fuel cap

    Fuel vapor expands in hot weather. Open the filler cap slowly.

    After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place.

  • Do not refuel with the engine running1. Turn the ignition off or to position I. If the ignition is on, an incorrect reading could occur in the fuel gauge.
  • Avoid overfilling the fuel tank. Do not press the handle on the filler nozzle more than one extra time. Too much fuel in the tank in hot weather conditions can cause the fuel to overflow. Overfilling could also cause damage to the emission control systems.
  • 1If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator lamp) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

    Emission controls

    Three-way catalytic converter

  • Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.
  • Do not park your vehicle over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.
  • Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), or an intermittently firing or flooded engine can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.
  • Remember that tampering or unauthorized modifications to the engine, the Engine Control Module, or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes: altering fuel injection settings

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    or components, altering emission system components or location or removing components, and/or repeated use of leaded fuel.

    note NOTE
    Unleaded fuel is required for vehicles with three-way catalytic converters.

    Heated oxygen sensors
    The heated oxygen sensors monitor the oxygen content of the exhaust gases. Readings are fed into a control module that continuously monitors engine functions and controls fuel injection. The ratio of fuel to air into the engine is continuously adjusted for efficient combustion to help reduce harmful emissions.

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    The load carrying capacity of your vehicle is determined by factors such as the number of passengers, the amount of cargo, the weight of any accessories that may be installed, etc.

    When loading the cargo area, keep the following in mind:

  • Load objects in the cargo area against the backrest whenever possible.
  • Unstable loads can be secured to the load anchoring eyelets with straps or web lashings to help keep them from shifting.
  • Stop the engine and apply the parking brake when loading or unloading long objects. The gear selector can be knocked out of position by long loads, which could set the vehicle in motion.

    note NOTE
    To increase loading space, the rear seat backrests can be folded down, see page 85.

    warning WARNING
  • Stop the engine, put the gear selector in P, and apply the parking brake when loading or unloading long objects.
  • The vehicle's driving characteristics may change depending on the weight and distribution of the load.
  • A 44-pound (20 kg) object produces a force of 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg) in a head-on collision at 30 mph (50 km/h).
  • The cargo area and rear seat should not be loaded to a level higher than 2 in. (5 cm) below the upper edge of the rear side windows. Objects placed higher than this level could impede the function of the Volvo Inflatable Curtain.
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    Power tailgate (option)

    Automatic opening
    The power tailgate can be opened automatically in the three ways::

  • By pressing and holding thebutton on the lighting panel for several seconds (see page 65).
  • By pressing the button on the remote key and holding this button for several seconds (see page 65).
  • By pulling the outer handle on the tailgate.

    The taillights illuminate automatically when the automatic open function is used.

    Be sure that there is adequate space above and behind the vehicle before opening the tailgate automatically.

    note NOTE
    If the tailgate has been opened and closed continuously for more than 90 seconds, the automatic function will be deactivated to avoid overloading the electrical system. The automatic function can be used again after approximately 10 minutes.

    Automatic closing
    The power tailgate can be closed by pressing the button on the tailgate (see the illustration), or by pressing it down.

    note NOTE
    If the tailgate is pressed down e.g., by the weight of snow or strong wind, it will close automatically.

    warning WARNING
    Be sure that no one is near the tailgate when it is opened or closed automatically. The tailgate should never be obstructed in any way when it is operated.

    Interrupting automatic opening/closing
    Automatic opening or closing the tailgate can be interrupted in four ways:

  • By pressing the button on the lighting panel (see page 65).
  • By pressing the remote key (see page 65) for several seconds.
  • By pressing the button on the lower edge of the tailgate.
  • By pulling the outer handle on the tailgate. If one of these actions is taken:
  • While the tailgate is being opened, the electrical function will be switched off and the tailgate will be released from the electrical system.
  • While the tailgate is being closed, it will return to the fully open position.

    Pinch protection
    If the tailgate is obstructed while it is being operated, the pinch protection function is activated.

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  • If the tailgate is being opened, the electrical function will be switched off and the tailgate will be released from the electrical system.
  • If the tailgate is being closed, it will move in the opposite direction.

    Operating the tailgate manually
    The power tailgate can be disconnected from the vehicle's electrical system by quickly pulling the outer handle twice. The tailgate can then be opened/closed manually.

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    Load anchoring eyelets

    The load anchoring eyelets on both sides of the vehicle are used to fasten straps, etc., to help anchor items in the cargo area.

    warning WARNING
  • Cover sharp edges on long loads to help prevent injury to occupants. Secure the load to help prevent shifting during sudden stops.
  • Always secure large and heavy objects with a seat belt or cargo retaining straps.
  • Always secure the load to help prevent it from moving in the event of sudden stops.
  • Switch off the engine, apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in P when loading and unloading the vehicle.
  • Cargo area floor rails and hooks

    The floor of the cargo compartment has rails on opposite sides of the vehicle equipped with hooks for anchoring loads with straps, nets, etc.

    Cleaning the rails
    Dirt or other small objects that collect in the rails can make moving, locking, unlocking, and removing the hooks more difficult. Objects can be removed from the rails with a vacuum cleaner, and the rails can be cleaned with a moist cloth.

    Moving the load anchoring hooks

    To move a hook, fold it down in the direction in which its opening points.

    Press the hook down lightly and move it to the desired position.

    Fold up the hook. It will lock in place.

    note NOTE
    There should be at least 2 in. (50 cm) between the hooks in the rail.

    warning WARNING
    Switch off the engine, apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in P when loading and unloading the vehicle.

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    Removing a hook

    The load-securing hooks can easily be removed, for example, to clean the rail.

    To remove a hook, fold it down in the direction in which its opening points.

    Press the hook down lightly and move the it to an opening in the rail.

    Pull the hook straight up.

    Replace a hook in the rail in the reverse order.

    note NOTE
    In order to return a removed hook into a rail, it must be press down lightly.

    Reinserting a hook

    It is important to insert the hooks correctly in the rails. The hooks' openings should point away from each other.

  • The opening on the hook closest to the rear seat backrest should point toward the backrest.
  • The opening on the hook closest to the tailgate should point toward the tailgate.

    warning WARNING
    The hooks must be installed correctly in the rail. Incorrectly installed hooks will be folded down by the strap, allowing them to move. The load will then no longer be securely anchored.

    Straps for securing loads

    Wrapping straps a full turn around the hooks helps keep them in place.

    note NOTE
    The straps should preferably be approximately 1 in. (25 mm) in width.

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    Grocery bag holder1 (option)

    Grocery bag holder under the floor of the cargo compartment

    The grocery bag holder holds shopping bags in place.

    1. Open the hatch in floor of the cargo compartment.

    2. Secure the shopping bags with the strap.

    1Available on certain markets only.

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    Cargo area

    Steel cargo grid (option)

    Your vehicle can be equipped with a steel grid that helps prevent objects in the cargo area from moving forward into the passenger compartment.

    Folding the grid up/down
    Grasp the lowering edge of the grid and pull it rearward/upward, or push it downward/forward.

    note NOTE
    If the steel grid is to be used with the optional cargo area cover, the grid must be folded down before the cargo area cover is put in place.

    Installing the steel cargo grid
    In order to install the steel grid, the rear seat backrests must be completely folded down. See page 85 for instructions.

    note NOTE
  • The steel cargo grid is easiest to install by two people, and should be folded down.
  • When installing the grid, the handle should be on the front side of the grid (see illustrations - ).
  • The rear seat backrests must be folded down when installing the steel cargo grid, see page 85.
  • Put the handle in the installation position, see the illustration. Press lightly on the handle in order to turn it to this position, see the arrow.

    Press in the piston toward the grid and press it into the attachment bracket near the ceiling.

    Turn the handle 90° . Press lightly as shown in illustration if necessary. Attach the grid by moving the handle 90°.

    Do the same on the opposite side of the vehicle.

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    Cargo area

    Cargo area cover (option)


  • Pull the cover over the cargo and hook it into the holes in the rear cargo area pillars.
  • To retract (roll up) the cover, release it from the holes and guide it toward the rear seat backrest.

    Installing the cover
    1. Press the end piece on one side of the cargo area cover into the retaining bracket in the side panel of the cargo area

    2. Do the same on the opposite side.

    3. Press both sides of the cover until they click into place . The red mark will no longer be visible.

    4. Check that both ends of the cover are securely locked in place.

    Removing the cover
    1. Press one of the end pieces of the cover inward.

    2. Pull the cover carefully upward and outward. The other end will release automatically from its retaining bracket.

    Folding down the cargo area cover's rear flap
    The cargo area cover's rear flap points horizontally when the cover is retracted (rolled up). To fold it down:

    1. Pull the flap slightly rearward past its supports and fold it down.

    note NOTE
    On models equipped with this cover, it should be removed before a child seat is attached to the child restraint anchors. See page 43 for more information.

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    Cargo area

    Cargo net (option)

    Two cassettes containing nylon cargo nets are stored in a compartment under the cargo area floor.

    Attaching the cassette(s)

    The two-sections of the net are attached to the rear side of the rear seat backrest. The cassettes have different widths, and the widest section should be mounted on the right side (seen from the rear of the vehicle).

    1. Fold down the rear seat backrests.

    2. Align the cassette's mounting rail above the mounting brackets on the backrest .

    3. Slide the cassette onto the mounting brackets .

    4. Return the backrest to the upright position.

    Using the net(s)

    With the backrests upright
    The net is pulled up from the cassette and locks in position after approximately 1 minute.

    Pull up the right side of the net by grasping its strap.

    Insert the net's rod in the retaining bracket on the right side near the ceiling and press it forward. It will click into place.

    Extend the left section of the rod and insert it in the bracket on the left side of the cargo compartment. Press it forward until it clicks into place.

    Pull up the left side of the cargo net and secure it on the rod.

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    Cargo area

    note NOTE
  • The net can be fastened in the same way if the rear seat backrests are folded down. In this case, use the retaining brackets near the ceiling, above the front seats.
  • The front passenger's seat backrest can also be folded down for carrying long objects, see page 82.
  • Removing the cargo net cassettes
    1. Retract the net(s) in the reverse order (see the section "With the backrests up" on page 210).

    2. Fold the entire rear seat backrest down.

    3. Slide the cassettes outward until they release from the mounting brackets.

    warning WARNING
  • When not in use, return the cassettes to their storage compartment under the cargo area floor.
  • Objects in the cargo area should be securely anchored, even if the cargo net is correctly installed and in use.
  • Using the cargo net with the cargo area cover

    Straps for pulling up the net

    The cargo net(s) can also be pulled up from the backrest when the cargo area cover is pulled out.

    The straps for pulling up the cargo net are located at the arrows in the illustration. Follow the same procedure as for using the nets with the backrests upright.

    Roof loads

    Using load carriers

    Load carriers are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:

  • To avoid damaging your vehicle and to achieve maximum safety when driving, we recommend using the load carriers that Volvo has developed especially for your vehicle.
  • Volvo-approved removable roof racks are designed to carry the maximum allowable roof load for this vehicle: 220 lbs (100 kg). For non-Volvo roof racks, check the manufacturer's weight limits for the rack.
  • Never exceed the rack manufacturer's weigh limits and never exceed the maximum rated roof load of 220 lbs (100 kg).
  • Avoid single-point loads. Distribute loads evenly.
  • Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.
  • Secure the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.
  • Check periodically that the load carriers and load are properly secured.
  • Remember that the vehicle's center of gravity and handling change when you carry a load on the roof.

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    Cargo area

  • The vehicle's wind resistance and fuel consumption will increase with the size of the load.
  • Drive smoothly. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.

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    Towing a trailer


    Volvo recommends the use of Volvo trailer hitches that are specially designed for the vehicle.

    note NOTE
    See page 274 for the maximum trailer and tongue weights recommended by Volvo.

  • Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are
  • All Volvo models are equipped with energy- absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.

    Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:

  • Increase tire pressure to recommended full. See the tire inflation tables on pages 250 and 251.
  • When your vehicle is new, avoid towing heavy trailers during the first 620 miles (1,000 km).
  • Maximum speed when towing a trailer: 50 mph (80 km/h).
  • Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air conditioner if the temperature gauge needle enters the red range.
  • If the automatic transmission begins to overheat, a message will be displayed in the text window.
  • Avoid overload and other abusive operation.
  • Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
  • It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe state/local regulations).
  • Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
  • More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
  • Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
  • Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in mountainous areas.

    warning WARNING
  • Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.
  • Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
  • Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.
  • When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly fastened to the hole or hook provided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle. The safety wire should never be fastened to or wound around the drawbar ball.
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    Towing a trailer

    note NOTE
  • When parking the vehicle with a trailer on a hill, apply the parking brake before putting the gear selector in P. Always follow the trailer manufacturer's recommendations for wheel chocking.
  • When starting on a hill, put the gear selector in D before releasing the parking brake. See also page 120 for more detailed information about starting off on a hill while towing a trailer.
  • If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift positions while towing a trailer, make sure the gear you select does not put too much strain on the engine (using too high a gear).
  • The drawbar assembly/trailer hitch may be rated for trailers heavier than the vehicle is designed to tow. Please adhere to Volvo's recommended trailer weights.
  • Avoid driving with a trailer on inclines of more than 15 %.
  • Trailer cable
    An adapter is required if the vehicle's trailer hitch has a 13-pin connector and the trailer has 7 pins. Use an adapter cable approved by Volvo. Make sure the cable does not drag on the ground.

     05 During your trip

    Towing a trailer

    Detachable trailer hitch (accessory)

    Installing the ball holder
    1. If necessary, remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the hitch assembly.

    2. Slide the ball holder into the hitch assembly.

    3. Align the hole in the ball holder with the one in the hitch assembly.

    4. Slide the locking bolt through the hitch assembly/ball holder.

    5. Insert the cotter pin in the hole at the end of the locking bolt.

    Removing the ball holder
    1. Remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the ball holder/hitch assembly.

    2. Pull the ball holder out of the hitch assembly.

    note NOTE
    A cover for the hitch assembly is also included in the kit.

     05 During your trip

    Emergency towing

    Towing eyelet

    The towing eyelet is located under the floor of the cargo area, with the spare tire. This eyelet must be screwed into the positions provided on the right sides of either the front or rear bumper (see illustration).

    note NOTE
    On certain models equipped with a trailer hitch, the towing eyelet cannot be screwed into the hole in the rear bumper. The towing rope should be attached to the trailer hitch instead. For this reason, the detachable section of the trailer hitch should be safely stowed in the vehicle at all times.

    Attaching the towing eyelet

    1. Press the marked edge of the cover in the bumper and release it.

    2. Fold away the cover and screw the towing eyelet in place, first by hand and then using the tire iron until it is securely in place.

    1. Use a coin to pry open the lower edge of the cover.

    2. Screw the towing eyelet in place, first by hand and then using the tire iron until it is securely in place.

    After the vehicle has been towed, the eyelet should be removed and returned to its storage location.

    Press the cover for the attachment point back into position.

    Precautions when the vehicle is in tow

  • The steering wheel must be unlocked. The remote key must be in the ignition slot1.
  • Attach jumper cables (see page 111) to provide current for releasing the optional electric parking brake and to move the gear selector from the P position.
  • The gear selector must be in position N.
  • Maximum speed: 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not exceed the maximum allowable towing speed.
  • Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 50 miles (80 km).
  • While the vehicle is being towed, try to keep the tow rope taut at all times.

    1On vehicles with the optional keyless drive, the remote key must be in the passenger compartment.

     05 During your trip

    Emergency towing

  • The vehicle should only be towed in the forward direction.

  • Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.
  • If the vehicle's battery is dead, do not attempt to start the vehicle by pushing or pulling it as this will damage the three-way catalytic converter(s). The engine must be jump started using an auxiliary battery (see page 111).
  • If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.
  • Towing vehicles with front wheel drive/All Wheel Drive

    Volvo recommends the use of flat bed equipment.

  • If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the vehicle. In this case, the vehicle should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground if at all possible.
  • If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information on the page 216.

  • Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
  • It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
  • If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.

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