2 0 0 8
VOLVO
V70

245
 06 Maintenance and specifications

Wheels and tires

Introduction

Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the vehicle's tire information placard on the B-pillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening).

The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free surfaces.

Certain models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher degree of road holding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating. However, for optimum road holding on icy or snow-covered roads, we recommend suitable winter tires on all four wheels.

When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's roadholding and handling characteristics.

Storing wheels and tires
When storing complete wheels (tires mounted on rims), they should be suspended off the floor or placed on their sides on the floor.

Tires not mounted on rims should be stored on their sides or standing upright, but should not be suspended.

CAUTION
Tires should preferably be stored in a cool, dry, dark place, and should never be stored in close proximity to solvents, gasoline, oils, etc.

Tread wear indicator

The tires have wear indicator strips running across or parallel to the tread. The letters TWI are printed on the side of the tire. When approximately 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips become visible and indicate that the tire should be replaced. Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread offer very poor traction.

When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving characteristics of the vehicle.

warning WARNING
  • The wheel and tire sizes for your Volvo are specified to meet stringent stability and handling requirements. Unapproved wheel/tire size combinations can negatively affect your vehicle's stability and handling. Approved tire sizes are shown in the Tire inflation pressure tables beginning on page 250.
  • Any damage caused by installation of unapproved wheel/tire size combinations will not be covered by your new vehicle warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility for death, injury, or expenses that may result from such installations.
  • 246
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    New tires

    Remember that tires are perishable goods. As of 2000, the manufacturing week and year (Department of Transportation (DOT) stamp) will be indicated with 4 digits (e.g. 1502 means that the tire illustrated was manufactured during week 15 of 2002).

    Tire age

  • Tires degrade over time, even when they are not being used. It is recommended that tires generally be replaced after 6 years of normal service. Heat caused by hot climates, frequent high loading conditions or Ultra Violet (U.V.) exposure can accelerate the aging process.
  • You should replace the spare tire when you replace the other road tires due to the aging of the spare.
  • A tire's age can be determined by the DOT stamp on the sidewall (see the illustration).
  • A tire with e.g., visible cracks or discoloration should be replaced immediately.

    Improving tire economy

  • Maintain correct tire pressure. See the tire pressure tables beginning on page 250.
  • Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.
  • Tire wear increases with speed.
  • Correct front wheel alignment is very important.
  • Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.
  • Tires must maintain the same direction of rotation throughout their lifetime.
  • When replacing tires, the tires with the most tread should be mounted on the rear wheels to reduce the chance of oversteer during hard braking.
  • Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.

    247
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire inflation

    Tire inflation
    Check tire inflation pressure regularly.

    Tables listing the recommended inflation pressure for your vehicle can be found on pages 250 and 251. A tire inflation pressure placard is also located on the driver's side Bpillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening). This placard indicates the designation of the factory-mounted tires on your vehicle, as well as load limits and inflation pressure.

    note NOTE
  • The placards shown indicate inflation pressure for the tires installed on the vehicle at the factory only.
  • A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.
  • Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare, at least once a month and before long trips. You are strongly urged to buy a reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service station gauges may be inaccurate.
  • Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tire performance and wear.
  • Under-inflation or over-inflation may cause uneven treadwear patterns.

    warning WARNING
  • Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread separation, or "blowout," with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.
  • Under-inflated tires reduce the load carrying capacity of your vehicle.
  • When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures also change. A 10-degree temperature drop causes a corresponding drop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressures frequently and adjust them to the proper pressure, which can be found on the vehicle's tire information placard or certification label.

    Checking tire pressure
    Cold tires
    Inflation pressure should be checked when the tires are cold.

    The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air.

    248
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

    After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot. If you have to drive farther than this distance to pump your tire(s), check and record the tire pressure first and add the appropriate air pressure when you get to the pump.

    If checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, never "bleed" or reduce air pressure. The tires are hot from driving and it is normal for pressures to increase above recommended cold pressures. A hot tire at or below recommended cold inflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.

    To check inflation pressure:
    1. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tire gauge onto the valve.

    2. Add air to reach the recommended air pressure.

    3. Replace the valve cap.

    4. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare.

    5. Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or other objects embedded that could puncture the tire and cause an air leak.

    6. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts, bulges or other irregularities.

    note NOTE
  • If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem in the center of the valve. Then recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.
  • Some spare tires require higher inflation pressure than the other tires. Consult the tire inflation tables beginning on page 250 or see the inflation pressure placard.
  • 249
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire specifications

    Speed ratings
    The speed ratings in the table below translate as follows:

    Load ratings
    The speed ratings in the table below translate as follows:

    See also page 254 for an explanation of the designations on the sidewall of the tire.

    250
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire inflation pressure table - U.S. models

    The following tire pressures are recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire inflation placard for information specific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.

    note NOTE
    A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.

    251
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire inflation pressure table - Canadian models

    The following tire pressures are recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire inflation placard for information specific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.

    note NOTE
    A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.

    252
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)-U.S models only

    The tire pressure monitoring system uses sensors mounted in the tire valves to check inflation pressure levels. When the vehicle is moving at a speed of approximately 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster, these sensors transmit inflation pressure data to a receiver located in the vehicle.

    note NOTE
    USA - FCC ID: KR5S122780002
    This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

    When low inflation pressure is detected, TPMS will light up the tire pressure warning light ( ) (also referred to as a telltale) in the instrument panel, and will display a message in the text window. The wording of this message is determined by the degree of inflation pressure loss.

    note NOTE
    If a fault occurs in TPMS, the tire pressure warning light will flash for approximately 1 minute and TIRE PRESS SYST SERVICE REQUIRED will be displayed.

    Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should be checked monthly when cold and inflated to the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of a different size than the size indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should determine the proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.)

    As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been equipped with a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale when one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure. Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's handling and stopping ability.

    Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver's responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.

    Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is not operating properly. The TPMS malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire pressure telltale. When the system detects a malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately one minute and then remain continuously illuminated. This sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunction exists. When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety of reasons, including the installation of replacement or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from functioning properly. Always check the TPMS malfunction telltale after replacing one or more tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to continue to function properly.

    253
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    note NOTE
  • TPMS indicates low tire pressure but does not replace normal tire maintenance. For information on correct tire pressure, please refer to the tables beginning on page 250, or consult your Volvo retailer.
  • The tire pressure warning light will not identify which tire is under-inflated. Be sure to check all four tires.
  • A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.
  • Erasing warning messages
    When a low tire pressure warning message has been displayed, and the tire pressure warning light has come on:

    1. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure of all four tires.

    2. Re-inflate the tire(s) to the correct pressure (consult the tire pressure placard or the tables beginning on page 250).

    3. In certain cases, it may be necessary to drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster. This will erase the warning text and the warning light will go out.

    warning WARNING
    Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the vehicle.

    Changing wheels with TPMS
    Please note the following when changing or replacing the factory installed TPMS wheels/tires on the vehicle:

  • Only the factory-mounted wheels are equipped with TPMS sensors in the valves.
  • If the vehicle is equipped with a temporary spare tire, this tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
  • If wheels without TPMS sensors are mounted on the vehicle, TIRE PRESS SYST SERVICE REQUIRED will be displayed each time the vehicle is driven above 25 mph (40 km/h) for 10 minutes or more.
  • Once TPMS sensors are properly installed, the warning message should not reappear. If the message is still displayed, drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster to erase the message.
  • Volvo recommends that TPMS sensors be fitted on all wheels used on the vehicle. Volvo does not recommend moving sensors back and forth between sets of wheels.

    note NOTE
  • If you change to tires with a different recommended inflation pressure, the TPMS system must be recalibrated to these tires. This must be done by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • If a tire is changed, or if the TPMS sensor is moved to another wheel, the sensor's seal, nut, and valve core should be replaced.
  • When installing TPMS sensors, the vehicle must be parked for at least 15 minutes with the ignition off. if the vehicle is driven within 15 minutes, a TPMS error message will be displayed.
  • CAUTION
    When inflating tires with TPMS valves, press the pump's mouthpiece straight onto the valve to help avoid bending or otherwise damaging the valve.

    254
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Tire designations

    Federal law mandates that tire manufacturers place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires (see the illustration).

    The following information is listed on the tire sidewall:

    The tire designation (the following figures are examples of a tire designation):

    1. 215: the width of the tire (in millimeters) from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The larger the number, the wider the tire.

    2. 65: The ratio of the tire's height to its width.

    3. R: Radial tire.

    4. 15: The diameter of the wheel rim (in inches).

    5. 95: The tire's load index. In this example, a load index of 95 equals a maximum load of 1521 lbs (690 kg).

    6. H: The tire's speed rating, or the maximum speed at which the tire is designed to be driven for extended periods of time, carrying a permissible load for the vehicle, and with correct inflation pressure. For example, H indicates a speed rating of 130 mph (210 km/h).

    note NOTE
    This information may not appear on the tire because it is not required by law.

    7. M+S or M/S = Mud and Snow, AT = All Terrain, AS = All Season

    8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN): This begins with the letters "DOT" and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant code where it was manufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last four numbers represent the week and year the tire was built. For example, the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After 2000 the numbers go to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25th week of 2001. The numbers in between are marketing codes used at the manufacturer's discretion. This information helps a tire manufacturer identify a tire for safety recall purposes.

    9. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used: Indicates the number of plies indicates or the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread and sidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the ply materials in the tire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

    10. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. Refer to the vehicle's tire information placard or the safety certification label, located on the B-Pillar or the driver's door or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle.

    11. Treadwear, Traction, and Temperature grades: See page 258 for more information.

    12. Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.

    255
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Glossary of tire terminology

    The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings such as standard load, radial tubeless, etc.

  • Tire information placard: A placard showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes, recommended inflation pressure, and the maximum weight the vehicle can carry.
  • Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number on the sidewall of each tire providing information about the tire brand and manufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacturer.
  • Inflation pressure: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.
  • Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a maximum load at 35 psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tires load carrying capability.
  • Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a heavier maximum load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tire's load carrying capability.
  • kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.
  • PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.
  • B-pillar: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind the front door.
  • Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next to the rim.
  • Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead area and the tread.
  • Tread area of the tire: Area of the perimeter of the tire that contacts the road when mounted on the vehicle.
  • Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated.
  • Maximum load rating: a figure indicating the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. This rating is established by the tire manufacturer.
  • Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.
  • Recommended tire inflation pressure: inflation pressure, established by Volvo, which is based on the type of tires that are mounted on a vehicle at the factory. This inflation pressure is affected by the number of occupants in the vehicle, the amount of cargo, and the speed at which the vehicle will be driven for a prolonged period. This information can be found on the tire inflation placard(s) located on the driver's side B-pillar or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, and in the tire inflation table in this chapter.
  • Cold tires: The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air. This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

    256
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Vehicle loading

    Properly loading your vehicle will provide maximum return of vehicle design performance.

    Before loading your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining your vehicle's weight ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle's Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/CMVSS) label, and the vehicle's tire information placard:

    Curb weight
    The weight of the vehicle including a full tank of fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, or optional equipment.

    Capacity weight
    All weight added to the curb weight, including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer hitch tongue load is also part of cargo weight.

    note NOTE
    For trailer towing information, please refer to the section "Towing a trailer" on page 213.

    Permissible axle weight
    The maximum allowable weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These numbers are shown on the Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/CMVSS) label. The total load on each axle must never exceed its maximum permissible weight.

    Gross vehicle weight (GVW)
    The vehicle's curb weight + cargo + passengers.

    note NOTE
  • The location of the various labels in your vehicle can be found on page 270.
  • A table listing important weight limits for your vehicle can be found on page 274.
  • Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
    1. Locate the statement ''the combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX pounds'' on your vehicle's placard.

    2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

    3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.

    4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the ''XXX'' amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400-750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.)

    5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

    6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual1 to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

    1See "Towing a trailer" on page 213.

    257
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    warning WARNING
  • Exceeding the permissible axle weight, gross vehicle weight, or any other weight rating limits can cause tire overheating resulting in permanent deformation or catastrophic failure.
  • Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the tires that were original equipment on the vehicle because this will lower the vehicle's GVW rating. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do not increase the vehicle's GVW rating limitations.
  • 258
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Uniform Tire Quality Grading

    ALL PASSENGER VEHICLE TIRES MUST CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES

    Quality grades can be found, where applicable, on the tire sidewall between the tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:

    Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A

    TREADWEAR
    The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, maintenance practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.

    TRACTION
    The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

    warning WARNING
    The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

    TEMPERATURE
    The temperature grades are AA (the highest), A, B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a minimum level of performance that all passenger vehicle tires must meet under the Federal Motor Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.

    warning WARNING
    The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, under-inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and tire failure.

    259
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Snow chains, snow tires, studded tires

    Snow chains
    Snow chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:

  • Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.
  • If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used. Sufficient clearances between chains and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.
  • Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used.
  • All Wheel Drive models: Snow chains should only be installed on the front wheels. Only chains adapted for AWD models should be used.

    Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.

    CAUTION
  • Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.
  • Always follow the chain manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly as possible and retighten periodically.
  • Never exceed the chain manufacturer's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances should you exceed 31 mph (50 km/h).
  • Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.
  • The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp turns as well as locked wheel braking.
  • Snow tires, studded tires1
    Tires for winter use:

  • Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree of traction.
  • It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking, and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.
  • Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip.
  • Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the winter driving season has ended.
  • Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the vehicle should be driven as smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The tires should have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime.

    1Where permitted

    note NOTE
    Please consult state or provincial regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before installing such tires.

    260
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Temporary Spare

    The spare tire in your vehicle is called a "Temporary Spare".

    Recommended tire pressure (see the placard on the B-pillar or on the fuel filler door) should be maintained irrespective of which position on the vehicle the temporary spare tire is used on.

    In the event of damage to this tire, a new one can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.

    warning WARNING
    Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. It must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Road holding and handling may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use. Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h).

    CAUTION
    The vehicle must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions or with a spare tire other than the one that came with the vehicle. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.

    261
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Summer and winter tires

  • When switching between summer and winter tires, mark the tires to indicate where they were mounted on the vehicle, e.g. LF = left front, RR = right rear.
  • Tires with tread designed to roll in only one direction are marked with an arrow on the sidewall.
  • Incorrectly mounted tires impair the car's braking properties and ability to force aside rain, snow and slush.
  • The tires with the most tread should always be at the rear (to reduce the risk of skidding).
  • Contact a Volvo workshop if you are unsure about the tread depth.

    Tire rotation
    Your vehicle has no recommended tire rotation. The following information is intended to help you understand why.

    Tread set
    As a tire ages and the rubber cures, front and rear tires set at different angles. Therefore, if tires are rotated, the tread will eventually set at an angle that is a compromise. Even if ride, handling, and road noise may still seem acceptable, they may not be optimal. Further, tires that are rotated, but not on a regular basis, may actually cause more tire noise, faster tire wear, and unpleasant changes in steering feel and vehicle handling.

    A tire that can fully adapt to its position will provide better steering feel, lower tire noise, and better fuel economy.

    Braking stability performance
    Your vehicle is driven mainly by the front tires, which will wear faster. This can be beneficial. Having more tread on the rear tires will help reduce oversteer. Oversteer is when a vehicle wants to keep turning because of momentum and dynamic forces on its suspension.

    Suspension wear diagnostics
    Every suspension needs periodic inspection and maintenance. A tire's wear pattern can be an aid in detecting a suspension problem. Each tire, if left in place, tells a story about the suspension. Tire rotation, on the other hand, could make suspension wear harder to detect. Early detection is very important, because suspension problems can make tire wear worse.

    If you do rotate your tires...
    Please follow the tire manufacturer's recommendations, as outlined in the tire manufacturers tire warranty pamphlet.

    262
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    Changing a wheel

    Spare wheel
    The spare wheel (Temporary spare) is only intended for temporary use. Replace the spare wheel with a normal wheel as soon as possible. The car's handling may be altered by the use of the spare wheel. The correct tire pressure for the spare wheel is stated in the tire pressure tables, see pages 250 and 251.

    warning WARNING
    Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. It must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Road holding and handling may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use.

    CAUTION
    The vehicle must never be driven with more than one temporary spare wheel.

    The spare wheel is located in the spare wheel well with the rim side down. There are two foam blocks, one under the spare wheel and one over/inside. The upper one contains all tools.

    The same bolt runs through to secure the spare wheel and the foam blocks.

    Taking out the spare wheel
    1. Fold the rear edge of the floor mat forward.

    2. Open the floor hatch.

    3. Undo the retaining bolt.

    4. Lift out the foam block with tools.

    5. Lift out the spare wheel.

    The other two blocks can remain in the wheel well.

    After use
    The foam block and spare wheel must be replaced in the reverse order. Note the arrow on the upper foam block. It should point forward.

    263
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    note NOTE
    If the floor hatch is not completely closed, the private locking feature (see page 58) will not function.

    Changing a tire:
    1. Apply the parking brake.

    2. Put the gear selector in P.

    3. Block the wheels that are on the ground with wooden blocks or large stones.

    4. Remove the wheel cover (where applicable) using the lug wrench in the tool bag.With the vehicle still on the ground, use the lug wrench to loosen the wheel nuts 1/2-1 turns by exerting downward pressure.

    5. Turn the nuts counterclockwise to loosen.

    6. There are two jack attachment points on each side of the vehicle. Position the jack correctly in the attachment (see illustration above) and crank while simultaneously guiding the base of the jack to the ground. The base of the jack must be flat on a level, firm, non-slippery surface. Before raising the vehicle, check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment.

    7. Raise the vehicle until the wheel to be changed is lifted off the ground.

    8. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the threads on the studs.

    264
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Wheels and tires

    9. Raise the vehicle until the wheel to be changed is lifted off the ground.

    10. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the threads on the studs.

    warning WARNING
  • The jack must correctly engage the jack attachment.
  • Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, non-slippery surface.
  • Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a vehicle supported by a jack.
  • Use the jack intended for the vehicle when changing a tire. For any other job, use stands to support the vehicle.
  • Apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in the Park (P) position.
  • Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.
  • The jack should be kept well-greased and clean, and should not be damaged.
  • No objects should be placed between the base of jack and the ground, or between the jack and the attachment bar on the vehicle.
  • Re-installing the wheel
    1. Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub.

    2. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub.

    3. Install the wheel nuts and tighten handtight. Using the lug wrench, tighten crosswise until all nuts are snug.

    4. Lower the vehicle to the ground and alternately tighten the bolts crosswise to 62 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).

    5. Install the wheel cap (where applicable).

    265
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Vehicle care

    Washing the car

    warning WARNING
    Be sure that the compressor is not connected to a 12-volt socket while replacing the container.

    The following points should be kept in mind when washing and cleaning the car:

  • The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage. To help prevent corrosion, it is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime.
  • Avoid washing your car in direct sunlight. Doing so may cause detergents and wax to dry out and become abrasive. To avoid scratching, use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before you wash with a soft sponge, and plenty of sudsy water.
  • Bird droppings: Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.
  • A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.
  • A water-soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a wash place equipped with a drainage separator.
  • Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels.
  • Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car has been washed.
  • A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent cleaning of the windshield and wiper blades improves visibility considerably and also helps prolong the service life of the wiper blades.
  • Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings, fenders, etc).
  • In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.
  • After cleaning the engine, the spark plug wells should be inspected for water and blown dry if necessary.

    note NOTE
    When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.

    CAUTION
  • During high pressure washing, the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle than 13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.
  • When washing or steam cleaning the engine, avoid spraying water or steam directly on the electrical components or toward the rear side of the engine.
  • Dirt, snow, etc., on the headlights can reduce lighting capacity considerably. Clean the headlights regularly, for example when refueling
  • Always close the moonroof and sun shade before washing your vehicle.
  • Never use abrasive cleaning agents on the moonroof.
  • Never use wax on the rubber seals around the moonroof.
  • Exterior components
    Volvo recommends the use of special cleaning products, available at your Volvo retailer, for cleaning colored plastic, rubber, or ornamental components such as chromed strips on the exterior of your vehicle. The instructions for using these products should be followed

    266
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Vehicle care

    carefully. Solvents or stain removers should not be used.

    CAUTION
  • Avoid waxing or polishing plastic or rubber components
  • Polishing chromed strips can wear away or damage the surface
  • Polishes containing abrasive substances should not be used
  • Automatic car wash

  • We do NOT recommend washing your car in an automatic wash during the first six months (because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).
  • An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but it is worth remembering that it may not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the car with sponge and water. Keeping the underbody clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have facilities for washing the underbody.

    CAUTION
  • Before driving into an automatic car wash, turn off the optional rain sensor to avoid damaging the windshield wipers.
  • Make sure that side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc, are secure, and that any antenna(s) are retracted or removed. Otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them.
  • Chromed wheels: Clean chrome-plated wheels using the same detergents used for the body of the vehicle. Aggressive wheel-cleaning agents can permanently stain chrome-plated wheels.
  • warning WARNING
  • When the vehicle is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brakes, including the parking brake, several times in order to remove any moisture from the brake linings.
  • Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk.
  • Exterior lighting
    Condensation may form temporarily on the inside of the lenses of exterior lights such as headlights, fog lights, or taillights. This is normal and the lights are designed to withstand moisture. Normally, condensation will dissipate after the lights have been on for a short time.

    267
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Vehicle care

    Polishing and waxing

  • Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be beneficial.
  • Before applying polish or wax the vehicle must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.
  • After polishing use liquid or paste wax.
  • Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.
  • Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing a dull surface.
  • A wide range of polymer-based waxes can be purchased today. These waxes are easy to use and produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading.
  • Do not polish or wax your vehicle in direct sunlight (the surface of the vehicle should not be warmer than 113° F (45° C).

    CAUTION
    Volvo does not recommend the use of long-life or durable paint protection coatings, some of which may claim to prevent pitting, fading, oxidation, etc. These coatings have not been tested by Volvo for compatibility with your vehicle's clear coat. Some of them may cause the clear coat to soften, crack, or cloud. Damage caused by application of paint protection coatings may not be covered under your vehicle's paint warranty.

    Cleaning the interior

    Only use cleaning agents and car care products recommended by Volvo. Clean regularly and follow the instructions included with the car care product.

    Upholstery care
    Fabric
    Clean with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a clothing/fabric stain remover. Consult your Volvo retailer.

    Alcantera™ suede-like material
    Suede-like upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.

    Leather care
    Volvo's leather upholstery is manufactured with a protectant to repel soiling. Over time, sunlight, grease and dirt can break down the protection. Staining, cracking, scuffing, and fading can result.

    Volvo offers an easy-to-use, non-greasy leather care kit formulated to clean and beautify your vehicle's leather, and to renew the protective qualities of its finish. The cleaner removes dirt and oil buildup. The light cream protectant restores a barrier against soil and sunlight.

    268
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Vehicle care

    Volvo also offers a special leather softener that should be applied after the cleaner and protectant. It leaves leather soft and smooth, and reduces friction between leather and other finishes in the vehicle.

    Volvo recommends cleaning, protecting and conditioning your vehicle's leather two to four times a year. Ask your Volvo retailer about Leather Care Kit 951 0251 and Leather Softener 943 7429.

    Cleaning leather upholstery
    1. Pour leather cleaner on a damp sponge and squeeze it until the cleaner foams.

    2. Apply the foam to the stain by moving the sponge with circular movements.

    3. Dampen the stain thoroughly with the sponge. Let the sponge absorb the stain, do not rub.

    4. Dry the stain with soft paper towels or a towel, and allow the leather to dry completely.

    Protecting leather upholstery
    1. Put a small amount of protectant cream on a cloth and apply a thin coating of cream to the upholstery with light circular movements.

    2. Allow the leather to dry for 20 minutes. This will help the leather resist staining and protect against sunlight's harmful UV rays.

    CAUTION
  • Under no circumstances should gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather since these can cause damage.
  • Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.
  • Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.
  • Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.
  • Sharp objects (e.g. pencils or pens in a pocket) or Velcro fasteners on clothing may damage the textile upholstery.
  • Clothing that is not colorfast, such as new jeans or suede garments, may stain the upholstery.
  • Cleaning the seat belts
    Clean only with lukewarm water and a mild soap solution.

    Cleaning floor mats
    The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent. For best protection in winter, Volvo recommends the use of Volvo rubber floor mats. Consult your Volvo retailer.

    Spots on interior plastic, metal, or wood surfaces
    Cleaning interior plastic components should be done with a cleaning agent specially designed for this purpose. Consult your Volvo retailer.

    269
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Vehicle care

    Touching up paintwork

    Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly, for instance washing the vehicle. Touch-up if necessary.

    Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.

    Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.

    Color code
    Make sure you have the right color. The color code number is stated on the model plate.

    1See page 270 for the location of the model plate.

    Minor stone chips and scratches

    Material:

  • Primer - can
  • Paint - touch-up pen
  • Brush
  • Masking tape

    If the stone chip has not gone down to the bare metal and an undamaged color coat remains, you can add paint immediately after removing dirt.

    note NOTE
    When touching up the vehicle, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above 60° F (15° C).

    Minor scratches on the surface
    If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and an undamaged layer of paint remains, the touch-up paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned.

    Repairing stone chips

    1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of paint adhere to it.

    2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.

    3. When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.

    4. If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off

    5. After a few days, polish the touched-up areas. Use a soft rag and a small amount of polish.

    270
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Label information

    Location of labels

    271
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Label information

    List of labels

    Model plate
    Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Codes for color and upholstery, etc.

    Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of Transport (CMVSS) standards (Canada)
    Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the facing side of the driver's door. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

    Loads and Tire Pressures
    The appearance of the decal will vary, depending on the market for which the vehicle is intended. See also page 247.

    Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
    The VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning your vehicle with the retailer and when ordering parts.

    Vehicle Emission Control Information
    Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the underside of the hood. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

    272
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Dimensions - V70

    273
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Dimensions - XC70

    274
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Weights

    275
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Engine specifications

    276
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Engine oil

    Engine oil must meet the minimum ILSAC specification GF-3, API SL, or ACEA A1/B1. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.

    Volvo recommends Castrol.

    Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils.

    Oil additives must not be used.

    Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance services. This oil is only used at customer request, at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

    Oil viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)

    Operation in hot climates
    When temperatures exceed 104° F (40° C) in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as such as SAE 5W-40 or 0W-40. See the viscosity chart.

    Operation in temperate climates
    Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 104° F (40° C), SAE 5W-30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart.

    Extreme engine operation
    Synthetic oils meeting SAE 0W-30 or 0W-40 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

    277
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    American Petroleum Institute (API) symbol
    The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:

  • The upper section describes the oil's performance level.
  • The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
  • The lower section indicates whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving properties in a standard test in comparison to a reference oil.

    278
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Oil volume

    279
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Other fluids and lubricants

    1Under normal driving conditions the transmission oil does not need changing during its service life. However, it may be necessary under adverse driving conditions.

    2Models without headlight washers

    280
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Specifications

    Electrical system

    General information
    12 volt system with a voltage-regulated alternator. Single pole system in which the chassis and engine block are used as conductors. The negative terminal is connected to the chassis.

    warning WARNING
    PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

    CAUTION
    If the battery is replaced, replace it with a battery of the same cold start capacity and reserve capacity as the original (see the decal on the battery).

    281
     06 Maintenance and specifications

    Volvo programs

    Volvo On Call Roadside Assistance

    Your new Volvo comes with a four year ON CALL roadside assistance. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

    If you have misplaced your package, dial:

    In the U.S.A.
    1-800-638-6586 (1-800-63-VOLVO)

    In Canada:
    1-800-263-0475

    Technician certification

    In addition to Volvo factory training, Volvo supports certification by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (A.S.E.). Certified technicians have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams, each technician must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional technicians are best able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary maintenance procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.



    Previous Page   Next Page

    Contents | Top of Page