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VOLVO
S80

188
 06 Maintenance and specifications

Volvo maintenance190
Maintaining your car191
Hood and engine compartment193
Engine oil194
Fluids196
Replacing bulbs198
Wiper blades and washer fluid205
Battery207
Fuses210
Wheels and tires216
Vehicle care236
Label information241
Specifications243
Volvo programs250

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 06 Maintenance and specifications

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 06 Maintenance and specifications

Volvo maintenance

Introduction

Volvo advises you to follow the maintenance program outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet. This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your vehicle. The maintenance services contain several checks that require special tools and training, and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S
The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These services, which are listed in the "Warranty and Service Records Information" booklet, are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.

Maintenance
Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with Volvo specifications. The maintenance procedures outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet, many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise concerning maintenance. Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.

Applicable warranties - U.S/Canada
In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is provided.

  • New Vehicle Limited Warranty
  • Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
  • Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
  • Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
  • Emission Design and Defect Warranty
  • Emission Performance Warranty

    These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer to your separate Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

    Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions
    Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well. Your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet provides a comprehensive periodic maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles (240,000 km) of vehicle maintenance. The schedule includes components that affect vehicle emissions. This page describes some of the emission-related components.

    Vehicle Event Data (Black Box)
    Your vehicle's driving and safety systems employ computers that monitor, and share with each other, information about your vehicle's operation. One or more of these computers may store what they monitor, either during normal vehicle operation or in a crash or near-crash event. Stored information may be read and used by:

  • Volvo Car Corporation
  • service and repair facilities
  • law enforcement or government agencies
  • others who may assert a legal right to know, or who obtain your consent to know such information.

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    Maintaining your car

    Owner maintenance

    Periodic maintenance requirements and intervals are described in your vehicle's Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.

    The following points can be carried out between the normally scheduled maintenance services.

    Each time the car is refueled:

  • Check the engine oil level.
  • Clean the windshield, windshield wipers, headlights, and tail lights.

    Monthly:

  • Check cold tire pressure in all tires. Inspect the tires for wear.
  • Check that engine coolant and other fluid levels are between the indicated "min" and "max" markings.
  • Clean interior glass surfaces with a glass cleaner and soft paper towels.
  • Wipe driver information displays with a soft cloth.
  • Visually inspect battery terminals for corrosion. Corrosion may indicate a loose terminal connector, or a battery near the end of its useful service life. Consult your Volvo retailer for additional information.

    As needed:
    Wash the car, including the undercarriage, to reduce wear that can be caused by a buildup of dirt, and corrosion that can be caused by salt residues.

    Clean leaves and twigs from air intake vents at the base of the windshield, and from other places where they may collect.

    note NOTE
    Complete service information for qualified technicians is available online for purchase or subscription at www.volvotechinfo.com.

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    Maintaining your car

    Emission inspection readiness

    What is an Onboard Diagnostic System (OBD II)?
    OBD II is part of your vehicle's computerized engine management system. It stores diagnostic information about your vehicle's emission controls. It can light the Check Engine light (MIL) if it detects an emission control "fault." A "fault" is a component or system that is not performing within an expected range. A fault may be permanent or temporary. OBD II will store a message about any fault.

    How do states use OBD II for emission inspections?
    Many states connect a computer directly to a vehicle's OBD II system. The inspector can then read "faults." In some states, this type of inspection has replaced the tailpipe emission test.

    How can my vehicle fail OBD II emission inspection?
    Your vehicle can fail OBD II emission inspection for any of the following reasons.

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit, your vehicle may fail inspection.
  • If your vehicle's Check Engine light was lit, but went out without any action on your part, OBD II will still have a recorded fault. Your vehicle may pass or fail, depending on the inspection practices in your area.
  • If you had recent service that required disconnecting the battery, OBD II diagnostic information may be incomplete and "not ready" for inspection. A vehicle that is not ready may fail inspection.

    How can I prepare for my next OBD II emission inspection?

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit - or was lit but went out without service, have your vehicle diagnosed and, if necessary, serviced by a qualified Volvo technician.
  • If you recently had service for a lit Check Engine light, or if you had service that required disconnecting the battery, a period of driving is necessary to bring the OBD II system to "ready" for inspection. A half-hour trip of mixed stop-and-go/highway driving is typically needed to allow OBD II to reach readiness. Your Volvo retailer can provide you with more information on planning a trip.
  • Maintain your vehicle in accordance with your vehicle's maintenance schedule.

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    Hood and engine compartment

    Opening and closing the hood

    Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release the hood lock.

    Lift the hood slightly. Press the release control (located under the right front edge of the hood) to the left, and lift the hood

    warning WARNING
    Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

    Engine compartment, overview

    The appearance of the engine compartment may vary depending on engine model.

    Coolant expansion tank

    Power steering fluid reservoir

    Engine oil dipstick

    Radiator

    Air cleaner

    Filler cap for engine oil

    Brake fluid reservoir

    Battery

    Relay and fuse box

    Washer fluid reservoir

    warning WARNING
    The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

    warning WARNING
    The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:
  • Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.
  • Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.
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    Engine oil

    Checking the engine oil

    The oil level should be checked every time the vehicle is refueled. This is especially important during the period up to the first scheduled maintenance service.

  • See page 246 for oil specifications.
  • Refer to the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for information on the oil change intervals.

    Volvo recommends oil products.

    CAUTION
  • Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.
  • Oil that is lower than the specified quality can damage the engine.
  • Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.
  • Always add oil of the same type and viscosity as already used.
  • Never fill oil above the MAX mark. This could cause an increase in oil consumption.
  • Checking and adding oil

    note NOTE
    Before checking the oil:
  • The car should be parked on a level surface when the oil is checked.
  • If the engine is warm, wait for at least 10-15 minutes after the engine has been switched off before checking the oil.
  • Checking the oil
    1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a lint-free rag.

    2. Reinsert the dipstick, pull it out, and check the oil level. The level must be between the MIN and MAX marks.

    3. Add oil if necessary. If the level is close to the MIN mark, add approximately 0.5 US quarts (0.5 liters) of oil.

    4. Recheck the level and add more oil if necessary until the level is near the MAX mark.

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    Engine oil

    warning WARNING
    Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

    note NOTE
    Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

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    Fluids

    Coolant

    Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo retailer.

    See page 248 for information on cooling system capacities.

    CAUTION
  • Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).
  • The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level, and the level must be between the MIN and MAX marks. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed. Check coolant regularly.
  • warning WARNING
  • Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools.
  • If it is necessary to top off the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap slowly so that the over-pressure dissipates.
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    Fluids

    Brake fluid

    Checking the level
    The fluid reservoir is concealed under the round cover at the rear of the engine compartment. The round cover must be removed first before the reservoir cap can be accessed.

    The brake fluid should always be between the MIN and MAX marks on the side of the reservoir. Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

    Fluid type: DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433

    Replace: The fluid should be replaced according to the intervals specified in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.

    When driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc), it may be necessary to replace the fluid more often. Consult your Volvo retailer.

    Always entrust brake fluid changing to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    warning WARNING
    If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a brake-related message is shown in the information display: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the car towed to a trained and qualified Volvo service technician and have the brake system inspected.

    Filling
    Turn and open the cover.

    Unscrew the reservoir cap and fill the fluid. The level must be between the MIN and MAX marks.

    Power steering fluid

    Check the level frequently. The fluid does not require changing. The fluid level must be between the MIN and MAX marks. For capacities and recommended fluid grade, see page 248.

    warning WARNING
    If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will be required to turn the steering wheel.

    CAUTION
    Keep the area around the power steering fluid reservoir clean when checking.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Introduction

    All bulb specifications are listed on page 204. The following bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician:

  • Dome lighting
  • Reading lights
  • Glove compartment lighting
  • Turn signals in the door mirror
  • Approach lighting in the door mirror
  • Brake lights
  • Active Bi-Xenon and LED bulbs

    warning WARNING
  • Active Bi-Xenon headlights (option) - due to the high voltage used by these headlights, these bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • Turn off the lights and remove the remote key from the ignition before changing any bulbs.
  • Headlight housing

    The entire headlight housing must be lifted out when replacing all front bulbs (except for the fog lights).

    CAUTION
    Never touch the glass of bulbs with your fingers. Grease and oils from your fingers vaporize in the heat and will leave a deposit on the reflector, which will damage it.

    note NOTE
  • Always switch off the ignition before starting to replace a bulb.
  • The optional Bi-Xenon headlight bulbs contain trace amounts of mercury. These bulbs should always be disposed of by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • Removing the headlight housing
    1. Switch off the ignition by pressing quickly on the start/stop button and remove the remote key from the ignition slot1.

    2. Withdraw the headlight housing's locking pins .

    3. Pull the headlight housing straight out .

    4. Unplug the wiring connector by holding down the clip with your thumb and pulling the connector out.

    CAUTION
    Pull the connector, not the wiring.

    5. Lift out the housing and place it on a soft surface to avoid scratching the lens.

    1Does not apply to vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

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    Replacing bulbs

    6. Replace the defective bulb(s), see page 204.

    Reinserting the headlight housing
    1. Plug in the connector until it clicks into place.

    2. Reinstall the headlight housing and locking pins. Check that they are correctly inserted. The headlight housing must be properly inserted and secured in place before the lighting is switched on or the remote key is inserted into the ignition slot.

    3. Check that the lights function properly.

    Removing the cover to access the headlights and parking lights

    note NOTE
    Before starting to replace a bulb, see page 198.

    1. Open the retaining clamp by pressing it to the side.

    2. Press down the clips on the upper edge of the cover and remove it.

    Reinstall the cover in the reverse order.

    Low beam, halogen

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 198.

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 199.)

    3. Detach the bulb by pressing the upper section of the retaining spring downward and to the side.

    4. Unplug the connector from the bulb.

    5. Replace the bulb and reinsert it into the headlight housing.

    6. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

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    Replacing bulbs

    High beam, Halogen

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 198.)

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 199.)

    3. Pull the bulb holder out of the headlight housing.

    4. Pull the defective bulb out of the socket.

    5. Press the new bulb into the socket until it snaps into place. It can only be secured in one position.

    6. Return the bulb holder into position in the headlight housing.

    7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

    Parking lights

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 198.)

    2. Remove the cover over the bulbs (see page 199.)

    3. To access the bulb, first remove the high beam bulb

    4. Pull the wire to withdraw the bulb holder.

    5. Remove the burned out bulb and install a new one. It can only be secured in one position.

    6. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    7. Put the cover back into position and reinstall the headlight housing.

    Turn signals

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 198).

    2. Remove the round cover by pulling the tab until the cover comes off.

    3. Pull out the holder to access the bulb.

    4. Remove the burned out bulb by pressing it in slightly and turning out before pulling it out. Press a new bulb into the socket.

    5. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    6. Press the cover until it clicks into position.

    7. Reinstall the headlight housing.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Side marker lights

    1. Remove the headlight housing from the vehicle (see the instructions on page 198.

    2. Remove the round cover.

    3. Pull the wire to withdraw the bulb holder.

    4. Pull out the burned out bulb and install a new one. It can only be secured in one position.

    5. Press the bulb holder into the socket and press until it clicks into place.

    6. Press the cover until it clicks into position.

    Fog lights

    1. Remove the cover by pressing in the clips and pulling straight out.

    2. Unscrew the fog light housing screw and pull it out.

    3. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and remove it.

    4. Install a new bulb by turning clockwise.

    5. Press the bulb into the holder. (The profile of the bulb holder corresponds to the profile of the foot of the bulb.)

    6. Reinstall the bulb holder. The TOP mark on the bulb holder must always be upward.

    7. Put the cover back into place.

    Taillight housing

    The bulbs in the taillight cluster are replaced from inside the cargo area (not the LED functions).

    1. Remove the covers in the left/right panel to access the bulbs. The bulbs are located in separate bulb holders.

    2. Press the catches together and pull out the bulb holder.

    3. Remove the defective bulb by pressing it in slightly and turning it before pulling it out.

    4. Plug in the connector.

    5. Press the bulb holder until it clicks into place and reinstall the cover.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Location of taillight bulbs

    Parking lights (LED)

    Turn signals

    Side maker lights (LED)

    Brake lights

    Rear fog light (driver's side only)

    Backup light

    note NOTE
    If an error message remains in the display after a faulty bulb has been replaced, contact an authorized Volvo workshop.

    Brake lights

    Turn signal

    Rear fog light (driver's side only)

    Backup light

    License plate lighting

    1. Remove the screws with a screwdriver.

    2. Carefully detach the entire bulb housing and pull it out.

    3. Replace the bulb.

    4. Refit the entire bulb housing and screw it into place.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Footwell lighting

    1. Insert a screwdriver at the short end of the lens closest to the tunnel console (the center of the vehicle) and turn gently so that the lens comes loose. (Applies to both lights).

    2. Turn carefully until the lens comes loose.

    3. Replace the bulb.

    4. Press the lens back into place.

    Trunk lighting

    The trunk lighting is located on opposite sides of the trunk.

    1. Insert a screwdriver and gently turn so that the bulb housing comes loose.

    2. Replace the bulb.

    3. Check that the bulb illuminates and press it back into the bulb housing.

    Vanity mirror lighting

    Removing the mirror glass

    1. Insert a screwdriver underneath the lower edge, in the center, turn and carefully pry up the lug on the edge.

    2. Insert the screwdriver underneath the edge on the left and right sides (by the black rubber sections), and pry carefully so that the glass comes loose in the lower edge.

    3. Carefully detach and lift aside the entire mirror glass and cover.

    4. Replace the bulb.

    Reinstalling the mirror glass
    1. Press the three lugs at top edge of the mirror glass back into position.

    2. Press the three lower lugs back into position.

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    Replacing bulbs

    Specification, bulbs

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    Wiper blades and washer fluid

    Wiper blades

    Service position
    The wiper blades must be in the service (vertical) position for replacement or washing.

    1. Switch off the ignition (ignition mode 0, see page 75) and keep the remote key in the ignition slot1.

    2. Move the right steering wheel lever up and hold it for at least 1 second. The wipers will then move to the vertical position on the windshield.

    The wipers return to the starting position when the vehicle is started.

    1Does not apply to vehicles with the optional keyless drive.

    Replacing the wiper blades

    With the wipers in the service position, fold out the wiper arm from the windshield. Press the button on the wiper blade attachment and pull the wiper blade straight out, parallel with the wiper arm.

    Slide in the new wiper blade until it clicks into place.

    Check that the blade is securely in place.

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    Wiper blades and washer fluid

    Cleaning

    note NOTE
    The wiper blades are different lengths. The blade on the driver's side is longer than the blade on the passenger side.

    Clean the wiper blades with a lukewarm soap solution or car washing detergent.

    Filling washer fluid

    The windshield and headlight washers share a common reservoir.

    The washer fluid reservoir is located on the driver's side of the engine compartment. During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze. For capacities, see page 248.

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    Battery

    Warning symbols on the battery

    note NOTE
    A used battery should be disposed of in an environmentally responsible manner. Consult your Volvo retailer or take the battery to a recycling station.

    Handling

  • Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and tightened.
  • Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running (for example, when replacing the battery).

    The service life and function of the battery is influenced by factors such as the number of starts, discharging, driving style, driving conditions, climatic conditions etc.

    Never use a quick charger to charge the battery.

    warning WARNING
  • Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
  • Do not smoke near the battery.
  • Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.
  • note NOTE
    The life of the battery is shortened if it becomes discharged repeatedly.

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    Battery

    Maintenance

  • Regularly check that the electrolyte level is correct and never fill above the level mark.
  • Check all cells. Use a large screwdriver or a coin to remove the cell caps. Each cell has its own maximum and minimum level mark.
  • If necessary, top up with distilled water to the battery's maximum mark.
  • Tighten the cell caps thoroughly.

    CAUTION
  • Always use distilled or deionized water (battery water).
  • Never fill above the level mark in the cell.
  • Changing

    warning WARNING
    Connect and disconnect the positive and negative cables in the correct sequence.

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    Battery

    Removal
    Switch off the ignition and wait at least 5 minutes before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the vehicle's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.

    Open the clips on the front cover and remove the cover.

    Release the rubber moulding so that the rear cover is free.

    Remove the rear cover by pulling it away.

    Detach the black negative cable . Detach the red positive cable , detach the ventilation hose from the battery and loosen the screw holding the battery clamp .

    Move the battery to the side and lift it up.

    warning WARNING
    PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

    Installation
    1. Lower the battery into the battery box.

    2. Move the battery inward and to the side until it reaches the rear edge of the box.

    3. Screw in the battery with the screw in the clamp.

    4. Connect the ventilation hose.

    5. Connect the red positive cable.

    6. Connect the black negative cable.

    7. Press in the rear cover. (See Removal).

    8. Reinstall the cold section moulding. (See Removal).

    9. Reinstall the front cover and secure it with the clips. (See Removal).

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    Fuses

    Replacing fuses

    There are relay/fuse boxes located in the engine compartment, the passenger compartment, and the trunk.

    If an electrical component fails to function, this may be due to a blown fuse. The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it.

    To do so:

    1. Pull the fuse straight out. If a fuse is difficult to remove, special fuse removal tools are located on the inside of the fuse box covers.

    2. From the side, examine the curved metal wire in the fuse to see if it is intact.

    If the wire is broken, insert a new fuse of the same color and amperage (written on the fuse).

    If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system inspected by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.

    warning WARNING
    Never use fuses with higher amperage than those stated in the following tables. Doing so could overload the vehicle's electrical system.

    Location of the fuse boxes

    Under the glove compartment

    Engine compartment

    Trunk

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    Fuses

    Engine compartment

    Engine compartment, upper

    Engine compartment, front

    Engine compartment, lower

    Positions

    These fuses are all located in the engine compartment box. Fuses in are located under .

    note NOTE
  • Fuses 16-33 are 35-41 may be changed at any time when necessary.
  • Fuses 1-15, 34, and 42-44 are relays/ circuit breakers and should only be removed or replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician.
  • There is a special fuse removal tool on the underside of the cover.
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    Fuses

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    Fuses

    Under the glove compartment

    Fold aside the interior trim covering the fuse box.

    Press the cover's lock and fold it up.

    The fuses are accessible.

    Positions

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    Fuses

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    Fuses

    Trunk

    Positions

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    Wheels and tires

    Introduction

    Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the vehicle's tire information placard on the B-pillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening).

    The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free surfaces.

    Certain models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher degree of road holding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating. However, for optimum road holding on icy or snow-covered roads, we recommend suitable winter tires on all four wheels.

    When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's roadholding and handling characteristics.

    Storing wheels and tires
    When storing complete wheels (tires mounted on rims), they should be suspended off the floor or placed on their sides on the floor.

    Tires not mounted on rims should be stored on their sides or standing upright, but should not be suspended.

    CAUTION
    Tires should preferably be stored in a cool, dry, dark place, and should never be stored in close proximity to solvents, gasoline, oils, etc.

    Tread wear indicator

    The tires have wear indicator strips running across or parallel to the tread. The letters TWI are printed on the side of the tire. When approximately 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips become visible and indicate that the tire should be replaced. Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread offer very poor traction.

    When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving characteristics of the vehicle.

    warning WARNING
  • The wheel and tire sizes for your Volvo are specified to meet stringent stability and handling requirements. Unapproved wheel/ tire size combinations can negatively affect your vehicle's stability and handling. Approved tire sizes are shown in the Tire inflation pressure tables beginning on page 221.
  • Any damage caused by installation of unapproved wheel/tire size combinations will not be covered by your new vehicle warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility for death, injury, or expenses that may result from such installations.
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    Wheels and tires

    Remember that tires are perishable goods. As of 2000, the manufacturing week and year (Department of Transportation (DOT) stamp) will be indicated with 4 digits (e.g. 1502 means that the tire illustrated was manufactured during week 15 of 2002).

    Tire age

  • Tires degrade over time, even when they are not being used. It is recommended that tires generally be replaced after 6 years of normal service. Heat caused by hot climates, frequent high loading conditions or Ultra Violet (U.V.) exposure can accelerate the aging process.
  • You should replace the spare tire when you replace the other road tires due to the aging of the spare.
  • A tire's age can be determined by the DOT stamp on the sidewall (see the illustration above).
  • A tire with e.g., visible cracks or discoloration should be replaced immediately.

    Improving tire economy

  • Maintain correct tire pressure. See the tire pressure tables beginning on page 221.
  • Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.
  • Tire wear increases with speed.
  • Correct front wheel alignment is very important.
  • Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.
  • Tires must maintain the same direction of rotation throughout their lifetime.
  • When replacing tires, the tires with the most tread should be mounted on the rear wheels to reduce the chance of oversteer during hard braking.
  • Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.

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    Wheels and tires

    Tire inflation

    Tire inflation
    Check tire inflation pressure regularly.

    Tables listing the recommended inflation pressure for your vehicle can be found on pages 221 and 222. A tire inflation pressure placard is also located on the driver's side Bpillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening). This placard indicates the designation of the factory-mounted tires on your vehicle, as well as load limits and inflation pressure.

    note NOTE
  • The placards shown indicate inflation pressure for the tires installed on the vehicle at the factory only.
  • A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.
  • Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare, at least once a month and before long trips. You are strongly urged to buy a reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service station gauges may be inaccurate.
  • Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tire performance and wear.
  • Under-inflation or over-inflation may cause uneven treadwear patterns.

    warning WARNING
  • Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread separation, or "blowout," with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.
  • Under-inflated tires reduce the load carrying capacity of your vehicle.
  • When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures also change. A 10- degree temperature drop causes a corresponding drop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressures frequently and adjust them to the proper pressure, which can be found on the vehicle's tire information placard or certification label.

    Checking tire pressure

    Cold tires
    Inflation pressure should be checked when the tires are cold.

    The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air.

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    This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

    After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot. If you have to drive farther than this distance to pump your tire(s), check and record the tire pressure first and add the appropriate air pressure when you get to the pump.

    If checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, never "bleed" or reduce air pressure. The tires are hot from driving and it is normal for pressures to increase above recommended cold pressures. A hot tire at or below recommended cold inflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.

    To check inflation pressure:
    1. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tire gauge onto the valve.

    2. Add air to reach the recommended air pressure.

    3. Replace the valve cap.

    4. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare.

    5. Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or other objects embedded that could puncture the tire and cause an air leak.

    6. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts, bulges or other irregularities.

    note NOTE
  • If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem in the center of the valve. Then recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.
  • Some spare tires require higher inflation pressure than the other tires. Consult the tire inflation tables beginning on page 221 or see the inflation pressure placard.
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    Tire specifications

    Speed ratings
    The speed ratings in the table below translate as follow:

    Load ratings
    The speed ratings in the table below translate as follow:

    See also page 226 for an explanation of the designations on the sidewall of the tire.

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    Tire inflation pressure table - U.S. models

    The following tire pressures are recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire inflation placard for information specific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.

    note NOTE
    A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.

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    Tire inflation pressure table - Canadian models

    The following tire pressures are recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire inflation placard for information specific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.

    note NOTE
    A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.

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    Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)-U.S models only

    The tire pressure monitoring system uses sensors mounted in the tire valves to check inflation pressure levels. When the vehicle is moving at a speed of approximately 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster, these sensors transmit inflation pressure data to a receiver located in the vehicle.

    note NOTE
    USA - FCC ID: KR5S122780002
    This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

    When low inflation pressure is detected, TPMS will light up the tire pressure warning light ( ) (also referred to as a telltale) in the instrument panel, and will display a message in the text window. The wording of this message is determined by the degree of inflation pressure loss.

    note NOTE
    If a fault occurs in TPMS, the tire pressure warning light will flash for approximately 1 minute and TIRE PRESS SYST SERVICE REQUIRED will be displayed.

    Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should be checked monthly when cold and inflated to the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of a different size than the size indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you should determine the proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.)

    As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been equipped with a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale when one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper pressure. Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's handling and stopping ability.

    Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver's responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.

    Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is not operating properly. The TPMS malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire pressure telltale. When the system detects a malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately one minute and then remain continuously illuminated. This sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the malfunction exists. When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety of reasons, including the installation of replacement or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from functioning properly. Always check the TPMS malfunction telltale after replacing one or more tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to continue to function properly.

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    note NOTE
  • TPMS indicates low tire pressure but does not replace normal tire maintenance. For information on correct tire pressure, please refer to the tables beginning on page 221, or consult your Volvo retailer.
  • The tire pressure warning light will not identify which tire is under-inflated. Be sure to check all four tires.
  • A certain amount of air seepage from the tires occurs naturally and tire pressure fluctuates with seasonal changes in temperature. Always check tire pressure regularly.
  • Erasing warning messages
    When a low tire pressure warning message has been displayed, and the tire pressure warning light has come on:

    1. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure of all four tires.

    2. Re-inflate the tire(s) to the correct pressure (consult the tire pressure placard or the tables beginning on page 221).

    3. In certain cases, it may be necessary to drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster. This will erase the warning text and the warning light will go out.

    warning WARNING
    Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the vehicle.

    Changing wheels with TPMS
    Please note the following when changing or replacing the factory installed TPMS wheels/tires on the vehicle:

  • Only the factory-mounted wheels are equipped with TPMS sensors in the valves.
  • If the vehicle is equipped with a temporary spare tire, this tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
  • If wheels without TPMS sensors are mounted on the vehicle, TIRE PRESS SYST SERVICE REQUIRED will be displayed each time the vehicle is driven above 25 mph (40 km/h) for 10 minutes or more.
  • Once TPMS sensors are properly installed, the warning message should not reappear. If the message is still displayed, drive the vehicle for several minutes at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster to erase the message.
  • Volvo recommends that TPMS sensors be fitted on all wheels used on the vehicle. Volvo does not recommend moving sensors back and forth between sets of wheels.

    note NOTE
  • If you change to tires with a different recommended inflation pressure, the TPMS system must be recalibrated to these tires. This must be done by an authorized Volvo retailer or workshop.
  • If a tire is changed, or if the TPMS sensor is moved to another wheel, the sensor's seal, nut, and valve core should be replaced.
  • When installing TPMS sensors, the vehicle must be parked for at least 15 minutes with the ignition off. if the vehicle is driven within 15 minutes, a TPMS error message will be displayed.
  • CAUTION
    When inflating tires with TPMS valves, press the pump's mouthpiece straight onto the valve to help avoid bending or otherwise damaging the valve.

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    Self supporting run flat tires

    Certain models equipped with the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) can also be equipped with self supporting run flat tires.

    Tires of this type have specially reinforced sidewalls that make it possible to continue driving in the event of a drop in inflation pressure. Tires of this type are mounted on special rims.

    note NOTE
    Self supporting run flat tires are only available in conjunction with TPMS.

    If a self supporting run flat tire should lose inflation pressure, the yellow TPMS warning symbol ( ) in the instrument panel lights up to alert the driver, and a message will be shown in the text window in the instrument panel.

    If this occurs, reduce vehicle speed to a maximum of 50 mph (80 km/h). The vehicle can be driven approximately 50 miles (80 km), or somewhat farther if the vehicle is not heavily loaded. The tire should be replaced as soon as possible.

    Hard braking and sudden steering maneuvers should be avoided.

    In certain cases, it may be difficult to see which self supporting run flat tire is defective. To determine which tire is damaged, check the inflation pressure of all four tires.

    warning WARNING
  • Only specially trained persons should mount self supporting run flat tires.
  • If self supporting run flat tires are mounted, the vehicle must be equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System.
  • After a low pressure warning has been displayed, do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h).
  • Avoid severe cornering and hard braking, and minimize the distance traveled before replacing the self supporting run flat tire.
  • Self supporting run flat tires cannot be repaired. They must be replaced if damaged or punctured.
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    Tire designations

    Federal law mandates that tire manufacturers place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires (see the illustration).

    The following information is listed on the tire sidewall:

    The tire designation (the following figures are examples of a tire designation):

    1. 215: the width of the tire (in millimeters) from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The larger the number, the wider the tire.

    2. 65: The ratio of the tire's height to its width.

    3. R: Radial tire.

    4. 15: The diameter of the wheel rim (in inches).

    5. 95: The tire's load index. In this example, a load index of 95 equals a maximum load of 1521 lbs (690 kg).

    6. H: The tire's speed rating, or the maximum speed at which the tire is designed to be driven for extended periods of time, carrying a permissible load for the vehicle, and with correct inflation pressure. For example, H indicates a speed rating of 130 mph (210 km/h).

    note NOTE
    This information may not appear on the tire because it is not required by law.

    7. M+S or M/S = Mud and Snow, AT = All Terrain, AS = All Season

    8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN): This begins with the letters "DOT" and indicates that the tire meets all federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant code where it was manufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last four numbers represent the week and year the tire was built. For example, the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After 2000 the numbers go to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25th week of 2001. The numbers in between are marketing codes used at the manufacturer's discretion. This information helps a tire manufacturer identify a tire for safety recall purposes.

    9. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used: Indicates the number of plies indicates or the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread and sidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the ply materials in the tire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.

    10. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. Refer to the vehicle's tire information placard or the safety certification label, located on the B-Pillar or the driver's door or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, for the correct tire pressure for your vehicle.

    11. Treadwear, Traction, and Temperature grades: See page 230 for more information.

    12. Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.

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    Glossary of tire terminology

    The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings such as standard load, radial tubeless, etc.

  • Tire information placard: A placard showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes, recommended inflation pressure, and the maximum weight the vehicle can carry.
  • Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number on the sidewall of each tire providing information about the tire brand and manufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacturer.
  • Inflation pressure: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.
  • Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a maximum load at 35 psi [37 psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tires load carrying capability.
  • Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a heavier maximum load at 41 psi [43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the tire's load carrying capability.
  • kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.
  • PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.
  • B-pillar: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind the front door.
  • Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next to the rim.
  • Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead area and the tread.
  • Tread area of the tire: Area of the perimeter of the tire that contacts the road when mounted on the vehicle.
  • Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are seated.
  • Maximum load rating: a figure indicating the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the tire. This rating is established by the tire manufacturer.
  • Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.
  • Recommended tire inflation pressure: inflation pressure, established by Volvo, which is based on the type of tires that are mounted on a vehicle at the factory. This inflation pressure is affected by the number of occupants in the vehicle, the amount of cargo, and the speed at which the vehicle will be driven for a prolonged period. This information can be found on the tire inflation placard(s) located on the driver's side B-pillar or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, and in the tire inflation table in this chapter.
  • Cold tires: The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding (ambient) air. This temperature is normally reached after the vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours.

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    Vehicle loading

    Properly loading your vehicle will provide maximum return of vehicle design performance.

    Before loading your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining your vehicle's weight ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle's Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/ CMVSS) label, and the vehicle's tire information placard:

    Curb weight
    The weight of the vehicle including a full tank of fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, or optional equipment.

    Capacity weight
    All weight added to the curb weight, including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer hitch tongue load is also part of cargo weight.

    note NOTE
    For trailer towing information, please refer to the section "Towing a trailer" on page 182.

    Permissible axle weight
    The maximum allowable weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These numbers are shown on the Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/ CMVSS) label. The total load on each axle must never exceed its maximum permissible weight.

    Gross vehicle weight (GVW)
    The vehicle's curb weight + cargo + passengers.

    note NOTE
  • The location of the various labels in your vehicle can be found on page 241.
  • A table listing important weight limits for your vehicle can be found on page 244.
  • Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
    1. Locate the statement ''the combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX pounds'' on your vehicle's placard.

    2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

    3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.

    4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the ''XXX'' amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400- 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.)

    5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

    6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual1 to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

    1See "Towing a trailer" on page 182.

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    warning WARNING
  • Exceeding the permissible axle weight, gross vehicle weight, or any other weight rating limits can cause tire overheating resulting in permanent deformation or catastrophic failure.
  • Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the tires that were original equipment on the vehicle because this will lower the vehicle's GVW rating. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do not increase the vehicle's GVW rating limitations.
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    Uniform Tire Quality Grading

    ALL PASSENGER VEHICLE TIRES MUST CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES

    Quality grades can be found, where applicable, on the tire sidewall between the tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:

    Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A TREADWEAR

    The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, maintenance practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.

    TRACTION
    The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

    warning WARNING
    The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a measure of cornering (turning) traction.

    TEMPERATURE
    The temperature grades are AA (the highest), A, B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a minimum level of performance that all passenger vehicle tires must meet under the Federal Motor Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.

    warning WARNING
    The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, under-inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and tire failure.

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    Snow chains, snow tires, studded tires

    Snow chains
    Snow chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:

  • Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.
  • If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used. Sufficient clearances between chains and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.
  • Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used.
  • All Wheel Drive models: Snow chains should only be installed on the front wheels. Only chains adapted for AWD models should be used.

    Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.

    CAUTION
  • Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.
  • Always follow the chain manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly as possible and retighten periodically.
  • Never exceed the chain manufacturer's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances should you exceed 31 mph (50 km/h).
  • Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.
  • The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp turns as well as locked wheel braking.
  • Snow tires, studded tires1

    Tires for winter use:

  • Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree of traction.
  • It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking, and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.
  • Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip.
  • Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the winter driving season has ended.
  • Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the vehicle should be driven as smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The tires should have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime.

    1Where permitted

    note NOTE
    Please consult state or provincial regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before installing such tires.

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    Temporary Spare

    The spare tire in your vehicle is called a "Temporary Spare".

    Recommended tire pressure (see the placard on the B-pillar or on the fuel filler door) should be maintained irrespective of which position on the vehicle the temporary spare tire is used on.

    In the event of damage to this tire, a new one can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.

    warning WARNING
    Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. It must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Road holding and handling may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use. Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not drive farther than 50 miles (80 km) on a temporary spare tire.

    CAUTION
    The vehicle must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions or with a spare tire other than the one that came with the vehicle. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.

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    Summer and winter tires

    Summer and winter tires

  • When switching between summer and winter tires, mark the tires to indicate where they were mounted on the vehicle, e.g. LF = left front, RR = right rear.
  • Tires with tread designed to roll in only one direction are marked with an arrow on the sidewall.
  • Incorrectly mounted tires impair the car's braking properties and ability to force aside rain, snow and slush.
  • The tires with the most tread should always be at the rear (to reduce the risk of skidding).
  • Contact a Volvo workshop if you are unsure about the tread depth.

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    Changing a wheel

    Spare wheel
    The spare wheel (Temporary spare) is only intended for temporary use. Replace the spare wheel with a normal wheel as soon as possible. The car's handling may be altered by the use of the spare wheel. The correct tire pressure for the spare wheel is stated in the tire pressure tables, see pages 221 and 222.

    CAUTION
    Never drive faster than 50 mph (80 km/h) with a spare wheel on the vehicle.

    CAUTION
    The vehicle must never be driven with more than one temporary spare wheel.

    The spare wheel is located in the spare wheel well with the rim side down. There are three foam blocks, two under the spare wheel and one over/inside. The upper one contains all tools.

    The same bolt runs through to secure the spare wheel and the foam blocks.

    Taking out the spare wheel
    1. Fold the rear edge of the floor mat forward.

    2. Undo the retaining bolt.

    3. Lift out the foam block with tools.

    4. Lift out the spare wheel.

    The other two blocks can remain in the wheel well.

    After use
    The foam block and spare wheel must be replaced in the reverse order.

    Changing a tire:
    1. Apply the parking brake.

    2. Put the gear selector in P.

    3. Block the wheels that are on the ground with wooden blocks or large stones.

    4. Remove the wheel cover (where applicable) using the lug wrench in the tool bag.With the vehicle still on the ground, use the lug wrench to loosen the wheel nuts 1/2-1 turns by exerting downward pressure.

    5. Turn the nuts counterclockwise to loosen.

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    6. There are two jack attachment points on each side of the vehicle. Position the jack correctly in the attachment (see illustration above) and crank while simultaneously guiding the base of the jack to the ground. The base of the jack must be flat on a level, firm, non-slippery surface. Before raising the vehicle, check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment.

    7. Raise the vehicle until the wheel to be changed is lifted off the ground.

    8. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the threads on the studs.

    9. Raise the vehicle until the wheel to be changed is lifted off the ground.

    10. Unscrew the wheel nuts completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the threads on the studs.

    warning WARNING
  • The jack must correctly engage the jack attachment.
  • Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, non-slippery surface.
  • Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a vehicle supported by a jack.
  • Use the jack intended for the vehicle when changing a tire. For any other job, use stands to support the vehicle.
  • Apply the parking brake and put the gear selector in the (P)ark position.
  • Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones. The jack should be kept well-greased.
  • Re-installing the wheel
    1. Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub.

    2. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub.

    3. Install the wheel nuts and tighten hand-tight. Using the lug wrench, tighten crosswise until all nuts are snug.

    4. Lower the vehicle to the ground and alternately tighten the bolts crosswise to 62 ft. lbs. (85 Nm).

    5. Install the wheel cap (where applicable).



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