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VOLVO
S40

182
 09 Maintenance and servicing

Volvo maintenance184
Maintaining your car185
Hood and engine compartment187
Engine oil189
Fluids190
Wiper blades192
Battery193
Bulbs195
Replacing front bulbs196
Replacing taillight bulbs200
Replacing interior bulbs201
Fuses202

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 09 Maintenance and servicing

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 09 Maintenance and servicing

Volvo maintenance

General

Volvo advises you to follow the maintenance program outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet. This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your vehicle. The maintenance services contain several checks that require special tools and training, and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S

The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These services, which are listed in the "Warranty and Service Records Information" booklet, are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.

Maintenance

Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with Volvo specifications. The maintenance procedures outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet, many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise concerning maintenance. Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.

Applicable warranties - U.S/Canada

In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is provided.

  • New Vehicle Limited Warranty
  • Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
  • Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
  • Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
  • Emission Design and Defect Warranty
  • Emission Performance Warranty

    These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer to your separate Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

    Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions

    Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well. Your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet provides a comprehensive periodic maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles (240,000 km) of vehicle maintenance. The schedule includes components that affect vehicle emissions. This page describes some of the emission-related components.

    Vehicle Event Data (Black Box)

    Your vehicle's driving and safety systems employ computers that monitor, and share with each other, information about your vehicle's operation. One or more of these computers may store what they monitor, either during normal vehicle operation or in a crash or near-crash event. Stored information may be read and used by:

  • Volvo Car Corporation
  • service and repair facilities
  • law enforcement or government agencies
  • others who may assert a legal right to know, or who obtain your consent to know such information.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Maintaining your car

    Owner maintenance

    Periodic maintenance requirements and intervals are described in your vehicle's Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.

    The following points can be carried out between the normally scheduled maintenance services.

    Each time the car is refueled:

  • Check the engine oil level
  • Clean the windshield, windshield wipers, headlights, and taillights

    Monthly:

  • Check cold tire pressure in all tires. Inspect the tires for wear.
  • Check that engine coolant and other fluid levels are between the indicated "min" and "max" markings.
  • Clean interior glass surfaces with a glass cleaner and soft paper towels.
  • Wipe driver information displays with a soft cloth.
  • Visually inspect battery terminals for corrosion. Corrosion may indicate a loose terminal connector, or a battery near the end of its useful service life. Consult your Volvo retailer for additional information.

    As needed:

  • Wash the car, including the undercarriage, to reduce wear that can be caused by a buildup of dirt, and corrosion that can be caused by salt residues.
  • Clean leaves and twigs from air intake vents at the base of the windshield, and from other places where they may collect.

    note NOTE
    Complete service information for qualified technicians is available online for purchase or subscription at www.volvotechinfo.com.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Maintaining your car

    Emission inspection readiness

    What is an Onboard Diagnostic System (OBD II)?
    OBD II is part of your vehicle's computerized engine management system. It stores diagnostic information about your vehicle's emission controls. It can light the Check Engine light (MIL) if it detects an emission control "fault." A "fault" is a component or system that is not performing within an expected range. A fault may be permanent or temporary. OBD II will store a message about any fault.

    How Do States Use OBD II for Emission Inspections?
    Many states connect a computer directly to a vehicle's OBD II system. The inspector can then read "faults." In some states, this type of inspection has replaced the tailpipe emission test.

    How Can My Vehicle Fail OBD II Emission Inspection?
    Your vehicle can fail OBD II emission inspection for any of the following reasons.

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit, your vehicle may fail inspection.
  • If your vehicle's Check Engine light was lit, but went out without any action on your part, OBD II will still have a recorded fault. Your vehicle may pass or fail, depending on the inspection practices in your area.
  • If you had recent service that required disconnecting the battery, OBD II diagnostic information may be incomplete and "not ready" for inspection. A vehicle that is not ready may fail inspection.

    How Can I Prepare for My Next OBD II Emission Inspection?

  • If your Check Engine (MIL) light is lit - or was lit but went out without service, have your vehicle diagnosed and, if necessary, serviced by a qualified Volvo technician.
  • If you recently had service for a lit Check Engine light, or if you had service that required disconnecting the battery, a period of driving is necessary to bring the OBD II system to "ready" for inspection. A half-hour trip of mixed stop-and-go/highway driving is typically needed to allow OBD II to reach readiness. Your Volvo retailer can provide you with more information on planning a trip.
  • Maintain your vehicle in accordance with your vehicle's maintenance schedule.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Hood and engine compartment

    Opening the hood

    To open the hood:

    1. Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release the hood lock.

    2. Lift the hood slightly.

    3. Press up the release control located under the front edge of the hood (at the center) up to the right, and lift the hood.

    warning WARNING
    Check that the hood locks engage properly when closed.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Hood and engine compartment

    Engine compartment

    1. Cooling system expansion tank

    2. Power steering fluid reservoir (concealed behind the headlight)

    3. Dipstick - engine oil

    4. Radiator

    5. Cooling fan

    6. Washer fluid reservoir

    7. Engine oil filler cap

    8. Brake/clutch fluid reservoir

    9. Battery

    10. Relay/fuse box

    11. Air cleaner

    warning WARNING
    The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Engine oil

    Changing engine oil and oil filter

    See page 231 for oil specifications. Refer to the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for information on the oil change intervals.

    Volvo recommends .

    note NOTE
  • Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.
  • Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.
  • Checking and adding oil
    The oil level should be checked every time the vehicle is refueled. This is especially important during the period up to the first scheduled maintenance service

  • The car should be parked on a level surface when the oil is checked.
  • If the engine is warm, wait for at least 10- 15 minutes after the engine has been switched off before checking the oil.

    Checking the oil
    1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a lint-free rag.

    2. Reinsert the dipstick, pull it out, and check the oil level.

    3. Add oil if necessary. If the level is close to the MIN mark, add approximately 1 US quart (1 liter) of oil.

    4. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.

    5. Switch off the engine and wait for at least 10-15 minutes and recheck the oil level. If necessary, add oil until the level is near the MAX mark.

    note NOTE
  • Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.
  • Oil that is lower than the specified quality can damage the engine.
  • Always add oil of the same type and viscosity as already used.
  • Never fill oil above the MAX mark. This could cause an increase in oil consumption.
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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Fluids

    warning WARNING
    Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces

    note NOTE
    Volvo uses different systems to indicate a low oil level or pressure. Some models have an oil pressure sensor, in which case a warning symbol (see page 53) is used to indicate low oil pressure. Other models have an oil level sensor, in which case the driver is alerted by the warning symbol in the center of the instrument panel and a text in the information display. Some models use both systems. Contact an authorized Volvo retailer for more information.

    Washer fluid

    The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approximately 6.8 US qts (6.5 liters). During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.

    Coolant

    Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo retailer.

    note NOTE
    Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Fluids

    CAUTION
    The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level, and the level must be between the MIN and MAX marks. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed. Check coolant regularly!

    warning WARNING
    Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools. If it is necessary to top off the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap slowly so that the overpressure dissipates.

    Brake fluid

    The brake fluid should always be between the MIN and MAX marks on the side of the reservoir. Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

    Fluid type: DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433

    Replace: The fluid should be replaced according to the intervals specified in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet. When driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc), it may be necessary to replace the fluid more often. Consult your Volvo retailer. Always entrust brake fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.

    Power steering fluid
    The fluid level is checked at each service interval.

    Fluid type: Volvo power steering fluid or equivalent.

    Replace: No fluid change required.

    warning WARNING
    If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will be required to turn the steering wheel.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Wiper blades

    Replacing windshield wiper blades

    1. Fold out the wiper arm.

    2. Press the button on the wiper blade attachment and pull straight out (1), parallel with the wiper arm.

    3. Press a new wiper blade (2) until it clicks into place.

    4. Ensure the blade is securely attached (3).

    5. Fold in the wiper arm.

    note NOTE
    The wiper blades are different lengths. The blade on the driver's side is longer than the one on the passenger's side.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Battery

    Battery maintenance

    Driving habits and conditions, climate, the number of starts, etc., all affect the service life and function of the battery. In order for your battery to perform satisfactorily, keep the following in mind:

  • Check the fluid level in each cell in the battery every 24 months or every 15,0001 miles (24,000 km), whichever is sooner. The fluid should be at the level shown in the illustrations above (A). Do not overfill.

    1More frequently in warm climates.

  • Use a screw driver to open the caps or cover and a flashlight to inspect the level.
  • If necessary, add distilled water. The level should never be above the indicator (A).
  • The fluid level should be checked if the battery has been recharged.
  • After inspection, be sure the cap over each battery cell or the cover is securely in place.
  • Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.
  • Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, or when the key is in the ignition. This could damage the vehicle's electrical system.
  • The battery should be disconnected from the vehicle when a battery charger is used directly on the battery.

    warning WARNING
    PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Battery

    Battery symbols

    Battery replacement

    Removing the battery
    1. Switch off the ignition and remove the key.

    2. Wait at least 5 minutes after switching off the ignition before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the vehicle's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.

    3. Remove the cover over the battery.

    4. Disconnect the battery negative (ground) cable.

    5. Disconnect the positive cable.

    6. Remove the front side of the battery box with a screwdriver.

    7. Release the clamp holding the battery.

    8. Lift out the battery.

    Installing a new battery
    1. Put the battery in place in the engine compartment.

    2. Install the battery's retaining clamp.

    3. Reinstall the front side of the battery box.

    4. Connect the positive cable.

    5. Connect the ground cable.

    6. Reinstall the cover over the battery.

    note NOTE
    Used batteries should be properly disposed of at a recycling station or similar facility, or taken to your Volvo retailer.

    warning WARNING
  • Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
  • Do not smoke near the battery.
  • Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.
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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Bulbs

    Bulbs used in the car

    note NOTE
  • Never touch the glass of bulbs with your fingers. Grease and oils from your fingers vaporize in the heat and will leave a deposit on the reflector, which will damage it.
  • The optional Bi-Xenon headlight bulbs contain trace amounts of mercury. These bulbs should always be disposed of by an authorized Volvo retailer.
  • Certain bulbs should only be replaced by a trained and qualified Volvo service technician:
    - Courtesy (dome) lighting
    - Reading lights
    - Glove compartment lights
    - Turn signals and courtesy lights in the side door mirrors
    - High-mounted brake lights
    - Bi-Xenon headlights
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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Replacing front bulbs

    Removing the headlight housing

    The entire headlight housing must be lifted out when replacing the high/low beam, parking light, turn signal, and side marker bulbs. To lift out the housing:

    1. Remove the key from the ignition and turn the headlight switch to position 0.

    2. Open the hood.

    3. Pull up the headlight housing's retaining pin (1)

    4. Pull the headlight housing to one side and then forward (2).

    5. Disconnect the wiring connector.

    6. Lift out the headlight housing and place it on a soft surface to avoid scratching the lens.

    After the defective bulb has been replaced, reinsert the housing in the reverse order. Check that the retaining pin is correctly inserted.

    warning WARNING
    Bi-Xenon headlights (option) - due to the high voltage used by these headlights, these bulbs should only be replaced by an authorized Volvo service technician.

    Low beam bulb

    1. Open the hood.

    2. Remove the headlight housing.

    3. Press the retaining clamps to the sides.

    4. Release the bulb's retaining spring by pressing it to the right, and then moving it outward and downward.

    5. Pull out the bulb.

    6. Disconnect the wiring connector from the bulb.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Replacing front bulbs

    Installing a new bulb
    1. Insert the new bulb. It can only be installed in one position.

    2. Press the retaining spring upward and slightly to the left until it snaps into place.

    3. Press the wiring connector onto the bulb.

    4. Put the plastic cover in place.

    5. Press the retaining clamps back into place.

    6. Reinstall the headlight housing.

    High beam bulb

    1. Open the hood.

    2. Remove the headlight housing.

    3. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and pull it out. Replace the bulb. Note how the bulb holder is positioned.

    4. Reinstall the bulb holder. It can only be installed in one position.

    5. Reinstall the headlight housing.

    Parking light bulb

    1. Pull out the bulb holder with a pair of pliers. The bulb holder should not be pulled out by the wire.

    2. Replace the bulb.

    3. Press the bulb holder back into place. It can only be installed in one position.

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    Replacing front bulbs

    Turn signal

    1. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and remove it.

    2. Remove the bulb from the holder by pressing it in and twisting it counterclockwise.

    3. Insert a new bulb and reinstall the bulb holder in the headlight housing.

    Side marker light

    1. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise, pull it out, and replace the bulb.

    2. Reinstall the bulb holder. It can only be installed in one position.

    Front fog light (option)

    1. Switch off all lights and turn the key to position 0.

    2. Remove the panel around the fog light housing.

    3. Unscrew both torx screws in the fog light housing and remove it.

    4. Disconnect the connector from the bulb.

    5. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and pull it out.

    6. Install the new bulb in its seat and turn it clockwise.

    7. Reconnect the connector to the bulb.

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    Replacing front bulbs

    8. Secure the fog light housing with the screws and press the panel back into place.

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    Replacing taillight bulbs

    Removing the taillight bulb holder

    All bulbs in the taillight cluster can be replaced from the cargo area. To access the bulb holders:

    1. Switch off all lights and turn the key to position 0.

    2. Remove the covers in the left/right panels to access the bulb holders.

    3. Disconnect the wiring connector from the affected bulb holder.

    4. Press the catches together and pull out the bulb holder.

    5. Replace the defective bulb.

    6. Press the wiring connector back into position.

    7. Press the bulb holder into place and reinstall the cover.

    Location of taillight bulbs

    note NOTE
    If the message indicating a burned out bulb remains in the information display after the bulb has been replaced, consult an authorized Volvo retailer or workshop.

    High-level brake light
    These bulbs should only be replaced by an authorized Volvo service technician.

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    Replacing interior bulbs

    License plate lighting

    1. Switch off all lights and turn the key to position 0.

    2. Remove the screw with a screw driver.

    3. Detach the entire bulb housing and carefully pull it out. Turn the connector counterclockwise and pull out the bulb.

    4. Replace the bulb.

    5. Reinstall the connector and turn it clockwise.

    6. Reinstall the entire bulb housing and screw it into place.

    Footwell lighting

    The footwell lighting is located under the dashboard on the driver's and passenger's sides. To replace a bulb:

    1. Insert a screwdriver under the edge of the lens. Turn the screwdriver gently to detach the lens.

    2. Remove the defective bulb.

    3. Install a new bulb.

    4. Press the lens back into place.

    Cargo area lighting

    1. Insert a screwdriver and turn it gently to detach the bulb housing.

    2. Remove the defective bulb.

    3. Install a new bulb.

    4. Press the bulb housing back into place.

    Vanity mirror lighting

    1. Insert a screwdriver under the center of the lower edge of the mirror, turn it, and carefully pry up the lugs at the edge.

    2. Move the screwdriver under the edge on the left and right-hand sides (near the black rubber sections) and pry carefully to release the lower edge of the mirror.

    3. Pry carefully and lift out the entire mirror and the cover.

    4. Remove the defective bulb and replace it with a new one.

    5. To reinstall the mirror, begin by pressing the three lugs at the upper edge of the mirror back into place.

    6. Press the three lower lugs back into place.

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     09 Maintenance and servicing

    Fuses

    Fuse box in the engine compartment

    The fuse box in the engine compartment has positions for 36 fuses.

  • Fuses 1-18 are relays/circuit breakers and should only be removed or replaced by an authorized Volvo service technician.
  • Fuses 19-36 may be changed at any time when necessary.

    Several extra fuses and a fuse removal tool to assist in removing/replacing fuses can be found on the underside of the fuse box cover in the engine compartment.

    Replacing fuses

    There are relay/fuse boxes located in the engine compartment and the passenger compartment.

    If an electrical component fails to function, this may be due to a blown fuse. The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it.

    To do so:

    1. Pull the fuse straight out. If a fuse is difficult to remove, special fuse removal tools are located on the inside of the fuse box covers.

    2. From the side, examine the curved metal wire in the fuse to see if it is intact.

    3. If the wire is broken, insert a new fuse of the same color and amperage (written on the fuse).

    If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer.

    warning WARNING
    Never use fuses with higher amperage than those stated in the following tables. Doing so could overload the vehicle's electrical system.

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    Fuses

    Fuse box in the passenger compartment

    The fuse box in the passenger compartment is located under the glove compartment.

    To access the fuses:

    1. Remove the upholstery covering the fuse box by first pressing in the center pins in the mounting clips approximately 0.5 in (1 cm) with a small screwdriver and then pulling the pins out.

    2. Turn both retaining screws (2) counterclockwise until they release.

    3. Fold down the fuse box (3) half way. Pull it toward the seat until it stops. Fold it down completely. The fuse box can be unhooked completely.

    4. Replace the blown fuse.

    5. Close the fuse box in reverse order.

    6. Pull the center pins fully out of the mounting clips, secure the upholstery with the mounting clips and press the pins into the mounting clips again. The mounting clips then expand, holding the upholstery in position.

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    Fuses

    Fuses in the engine compartment

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    Fuses

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    Fuses

    Fuses in the passenger compartment

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    Fuses



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