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VOLVO
XC90

Maintenance

pg. 135 Maintenance

Volvo maintenance 136
Working on your vehicle 138
Engine compartment 140
Oils and fluids 141
Battery maintenance 146
Bulbs 149
Fuses 157

pg. 136 Maintenance

Volvo Maintenance

Maintenance
Volvo advises you to follow the maintenance program outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet. This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function of your vehicle. The maintenance services contain several checks which require special instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S.
The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These services, which are listed in the "Warranty and Service Records Information booklet," are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.

Maintenance
Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with Volvo specifications. The maintenance outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet, many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise concerning maintenance.

Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.

Page 137 provides more information about maintenance of emission-related components.

Applicable warranties - U.S./Canada
In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is provided.

  • New Vehicle Limited Warranty
  • Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
  • Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
  • Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
  • Emission Design and Defect Warranty
  • Emission Performance Warranty
    These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer to your separate Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

    Vehicle Event Data
    Your vehicle's driving and safety systems employ computers that monitor, and share with each other, information about your vehicle's operation. One or more of these computers may store what they monitor, either during normal vehicle operation or in a crash or near-crash event. Stored information may be read and used by:

  • Volvo Car Corporation
  • service and repair facilities
  • law enforcement or government agencies
  • others who may assert a legal right to know, or who obtain your consent to know such information.

    pg. 137 Maintenance

    Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions
    Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well. Your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet provides a comprehensive periodic maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles (240,000 km) of vehicle maintenance. The schedule includes components that affect vehicle emissions. This page describes some of the emission-related components.

    Engine air filter
    The engine air filter cleans particles from air entering the engine. Replace the engine air filter cartridge with a new one every 37,500 miles (60,000 km) under normal driving conditions. Replace the cartridge more often when the vehicle is driven under dirty and dusty conditions. The cartridge cannot be cleaned, and should always be replaced with a new one.

    Fuel filter
    The fuel filter should be replaced at 120,000 miles (193,000 km). The filter is replaced as a complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank, or if there is reason to suspect that this has occurred.

    Fuel system, including filler cap, tank, lines, and connections
    The ability of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons depends upon a leak-free system. Inspect fuel lines every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). Check for proper sealing of the fuel filler cap, which contains "O" ring seals.

    NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the Check Engine light (Malfunction Indicator) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

    Timing belt
    For proper functioning of the engine and emission control systems, the timing belt and belt pretensioner must be replaced every 120,000 miles (193,000 km) or 10 years, whichever occurs first. Engine damage will occur if the belt fails.

    PCV system
    (on turbocharged models)
    The nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner should be inspected and cleaned at 120,000 miles (193,000 km), and again at 45,000 miles (72,000 km).

    Spark plugs
    The spark plugs should be replaced every 60,000 miles (96,000 km).

    Under normal driving conditions, spark plugs require no maintenance between replacement intervals.

    pg. 138 Maintenance

    Working you your vehicle


    Reinforced lifting points
    Hoisting the vehicle
    If a garage jack is used to lift the vehicle, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are specially reinforced to bear the weight of the vehicle (see the illustration above). A garage jack can also be placed under the front of the engine support frame. Take care not to damage the splash guard under the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the vehicle cannot slide off it. Always use axle stands or similar structures. The car's gross vehicle weight is between 5770 lb (2630 kg) and 6080 lb (2760 kg). Use a jack and stands rated for this weight.

    If a two-post hoist is used to lift the vehicle, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail (see illustration).

    Please note the following before you begin working on your vehicle:
    Battery (see also page 148 for more information on handling the battery)

  • Ensure that the battery cables are correctly connected and tightened.
  • Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running (e.g. when replacing the battery).
  • The battery contains acid that is both corrosive and poisonous. It is important that the battery is handled in an environmentally friendly way. Let your Volvo retailer assist you.
  • Never use a fast charger to charge the battery. The battery cables should be disconnected when recharging.

    warningWARNING!
    The ignition system has very high voltage! The voltage in the ignition system is dangerous!

    Do not touch spark plugs, ignition cables or the ignition coil when the engine is running or the ignition is switched on!

    The ignition should be switched off when:
    - Conducting engine tests.
    - Replacing parts in the ignition system, such as spark plugs, ignition coil, distributor, ignition cables, etc.
    - Never try to repair any part of the SRS/SIPS/WHIPS/IC systems yourself. Any interference in the system could cause malfunction and serious injury. Any work should only be performed by an authorized Volvo workshop.

    pg. 139 Maintenance

    Belt check
    Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. A worn or dirty belt can cause poor cooling and low alternator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air conditioning unit.

    NOTE: The drive belt is equipped with a self-tensioning mechanism and requires no adjustment between changes.

    warningWARNING!
    The engine must not be running when this check is performed.

    Check coolant level
    The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check the coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "MAX" and "MIN" marks on the expansion tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the cooling system has been drained.

    Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm up and cooling.

    Changing coolant
    Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo retailer.

    NOTE: Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).

    CAUTION
    The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed.

    warningWARNING!
    Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools.

    pg. 140 Maintenance

    Engine compartment

    Engine compartment
    1. Brake fluid reservoir
    2. Relay/fuse box
    3. Air cleaner
    4. Cooling fan
    5. Radiator
    6. Dipstick - engine oil
    7. Filler cap - engine oil
    8. Washer fluid reservoir
    9. Power steering fluid reservoir
    10. Expansion tank - coolant
    11. Data plate
    12. Battery (under floor in rear cargo area)

    warningWARNING!
    The cooling fan (4) may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

    pg. 141 Maintenance

    Oil and fluids

    Oil quality
    Engine oil must meet the minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving.
    Your Volvo has been certified to standards using ILSAC oil specification GF-2 5W-30. Volvo recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.
    Volvo Cars recommends Castrol.

    Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils.

    Oil additives must not be used.

    NOTE: Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance is carried out. This oil is only used at customer request, at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

    Operation in hot climates.
    When temperatures exceed 86° F (30° C) in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as SAE 10W-30. See the viscosity chart below.

    Oil viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)
    Operation in temperate climates
    Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 86° F (30° C), SAE 5W-30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart above.

    Extreme engine operation
    Synthetic oils meeting SAE 10W-30 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

    Changing oil and oil filter
    Oil and oil filter changes should be made at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals.

    Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.

    Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at ower request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

  • The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:
  • The top half describes the oil's performance level.
  • The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
  • The bottom half tells whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving properties in a standard test in comparison to a reference oil.

    pg. 142 Maintenance

    Oil and fluids (contd)

    Checking the oil level
    The oil level should be checked every time the vehicle is refueled. This is especially important during the period up to the first maintenance.

    CAUTION
    Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.
    Park the vehicle on a level surface and wait for at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qt (1.5 liter). The oil should preferably be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.

    NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.

    warningWARNING!
    Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

    Adding oil (topping up)

  • Add oil of the same kind as already used.
  • Capacity (including filter):
    5-cylinder turbo engine - 6.1 US qt (5.8 liters).
    6-cylinder turbo engine - 7 US qt (6.7 liters)
  • The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change.

    pg. 143 Maintenance


    Washer fluid reservoir

    Washer fluid reservoir
    The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 6.8 US qt (6.5 liters).
    When there is less than approximately 1 US qt (1 liter) remaining in the reservoir, the washer fluid spray will be directed to the windshield only.
    During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.


    Coolant reservoir
    Changing coolant
    Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo retailer.

    NOTE: Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze. Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).

    CAUTION
    The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed.
    Check coolant regularly!

    warningWARNING!
    - Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools.
    - If it is necessary to top up the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap slowly so that the overpressure dissipates.

    pg. 144 Interior

    Oil and fluids (contd)

    Brake fluid reservoir
    The brake fluid should always be above the MIN mark on the side of the reservoir. Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

    Fluid type : DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433

    Replace : Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

    Always entrust brake fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.

    Power steering fluid reservoir
    The fluid level should always be between the ADD and FULL marks.

    Fluid type : Volvo synthetic power steering fluid (Pincushion CHF 11S) P/N 1161529 or equivalent.

    Replace : No fluid change required

    NOTE: If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will be required to turn the steering wheel.

    pg. 145 Interior

    Wiper blades

    Windshield wiper blades
    1. Lift the wiper arm off the windshield.
    2. Press in the catches (A in the illustration above).
    3. Pull out the wiper blade.
    4. Insert a new wiper blade and ensure that it is firmly in place.
    NOTE: The driver's side wiper blade is longer than the one on the passenger's side.

    Tailgate wiper blade
    1. Pull the wiper blade out, away from the tailgate window.
    2. Pull the wiper blade outward, toward the tailgate.
    3. Press the new wiper blade into place. Check that it is properly secured.




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