pg. 97 Starting and driving

Brake system

BRAKE Brake circuit malfunction
The brake system is a hydraulic system consisting of two master cylinders and two separate brake circuits. If a problem should occur in one of these circuits, it is still possible to stop the vehicle with the other brake circuit.

If the brake pedal must be depressed farther than normal and requires greater foot pressure, the stopping distance will be longer.

A warning light in the instrument panel will light up to warn the driver that a fault has occurred.

If this light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.

NOTE: Press the brake pedal hard and maintain pressure on the pedal - do not pump the brakes.

warningWARNING!
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a "Brake failure - Service urgent" message is displayed in the text window: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the vehicle towed to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.

NOTE: When the vehicle is at a standstill and the engine is idling, e.g. at a traffic light and the brake pedal is depressed, the pedal may go down slightly. This is a normal function of the power-assisted brake system.

Power brakes function only when the engine is running
The power brakes utilize vacuum pressure which is only created when the engine is running. Never let the vehicle roll to a stop with the engine switched off.

If the power brakes are not working, the brake pedal must be pressed approximately four times harder than usual to make up for the lack of power assistance. This can happen for example when towing your vehicle or if the engine is switched off when the vehicle is rolling. The brake pedal feels harder than usual.

Water on brake discs and brake pads affects braking
Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain, slush, etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp or cold weather.

Severe strain on the brake system
The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas, or when towing a trailer. Vehicle speed is usually slower, which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes, shift into a lower gear and let the engine help with the braking. Do not forget that if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to a greater than normal load.

pg. 98 Starting and driving

Brake system (contd)

Anti-lock brakes (ABS)
If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function) and the vehicle should be driven cautiously to a Volvo retailer for inspection. The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe braking conditions by limiting brake lockup. When the system "senses" impending lockup, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lockup, which could lead to a skid.

This system performs a self-diagnostic test when the engine is started and when the vehicle first reaches a speed of approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.

To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal. Do not pump the brake pedal.

The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible and the brake pedal will pulsate during braking. Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. While control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.

ABS with EBD (Electronic Brake Force Distribution)
EBD is an integrated part of the ABS system. EBD regulates the hydraulic pressure to the rear brakes to help provide optimal braking capacity. The brake pedal will pulsate during braking, which is normal.

If the BRAKE and ABS warning lights come on at the same time, this could indicate a fault in the brake system.

  • Stop the vehicle in a suitable place and switch off the engine.
  • Restart the engine.
  • If both warning lights go off, no further action is required.
  • If both lights are still on after the engine has been restarted, switch off the engine again and check the brake fluid level (see page 140 for the location of the brake fluid reservoir).
  • If the brake fluid level is above the MIN mark, drive carefully to an authorized Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.

    warningWARNING!
    If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a "Brake failure - Service urgent" message is displayed in the text window: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the vehicle towed to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.

    pg. 99 Starting and driving

    Dynamic Stability Traction Control (DSTC)

    The DSTC system on the Volvo XC90 consists of a number of functions:

    1. Traction control (TC)
    This function is designed to help reduce wheel spin by transferring power from a drive wheel that begins to lose traction to the wheel on the opposite side of the vehicle (on the same axle). TC monitors and compares the rotational speed of the drive wheels. If one of the drive wheels shows a tendency to spin, the difference in speed is immediately detected. This triggers the Anti-lock Brake System, which brakes the spinning wheel until the difference in rotational speed is corrected.

    TC is most active at low speeds, and a pulsating sound will be audible when the system is regulating wheel spin. This is quite normal.

    This is one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on the center control panel is pressed.

    2. Spin control (SC)
    The spin control function is designed to help prevent the drive wheels from spinning while the vehicle is accelerating. This is done by temporarily reducing engine torque to the drive wheels, which helps improve tractive force.

    Under certain circumstances, such as when driving with snow chains, or driving in deep snow or loose sand, it may be advisable to temporarily switch off this function for maximum tractive force. This is done by pressing the DSTC button on the center control panel for at least a half a second.

    When the SC function has been switched off:

  • The text window will briefly display "DSTC SPIN CONTROL OFF"
  • The LED in the DSTC button will be off.

    3. Active Yaw Control (AYC)
    This function helps maintain directional stability, for example when cornering, by braking one or more of the wheels if the vehicle shows a tendency to skid or slide laterally. This is done by activating the Anti-lock Braking System. A pulsating sound will be audible when the function is active, which is quite normal. If you apply the brakes while this function is active, the brake pedal will feel stiffer than usual.

    This is also one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on the center control panel is pressed.

    4. Roll Stability Control (RSC)
    RSC utilizes a gyro-sensor to monitor the vehicle's angle of inclination, and the rate at which this angle changes. If necessary, RSC activates the Anti-lock Brake System to brake one or more of the wheels to help maintain stability. A pulsating sound will be audible when the function is active, which is quite normal. If you apply the brakes while this function is active, the brake pedal will feel stiffer than usual.

    This is one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on the center control panel is pressed.

    The DSTC button
    The DSTC button in the center control panel is used to switch the Spin Control (SC) function on or off.

    The button must be pressed for at least a half second to prevent SC from being switched off inadvertently.

    When the system has been switched off, the green indicator lamp in the button will go out and "DSTC SPIN CONTROL OFF" will be displayed in the text window.

    All DSTC functions are (re)activated each time the engine is started.

    pg. 100 Starting and driving

    Dynamic Stability Traction Control (DSTC) (contd)

    The Stability Control indicator light
    The Stability Control indicator light will come on for approximately 2 seconds when the ignition is switched on as the system performs a self-diagnostic test.

    The Stability Control indicator light will flash when:

  • Traction Control is actively functioning to help avoid drive-wheel spin.
  • Spin Control is actively functioning to help avoid loss of traction during acceleration.
  • Active Yaw Control is actively functioning to help avoid skids or lateral slides.
  • Roll Stability Control is actively functioning to help avoid a roll-over situation.

    The warning symbol in the instrument panel
    A steady yellow glow indicates:

  • That the system has been automatically disengaged due to a fault. "ANTI SKID SERVICE REQUIRED" will be displayed in the text window. If this occurs, stop the vehicle in a suitable place, switch off and restart the engine. If the light remains on, an authorized Volvo retailer should check the system.
  • In the event of high brake temperature, "TRACTION CONTROL TEMPORARILY OFF" will be displayed in the text window.
    The system will automatically switch on again when the brakes have cooled.

    Emergency Brake Assistance (EBA)
    The EBA function is an integrated part of the DSTC system. EBA is designed to provide full brake effect immediately in the event of sudden, hard braking. The system is activated by the speed with which you depress the brake pedal.

    NOTE:

  • When the EBA system is activated, the brake pedal will go down and pressure in the brake system immediately increases to the maximum level. Maintain full pressure on the brake pedal in order to utilize the system completely. EBA is automatically deactivated when the brake pedal is released.
  • When the vehicle has been parked for some time, the brake pedal may sink more than usual when the engine is started. This is normal and the pedal will return to its usual position when it is released.

    pg. 101 Starting and driving

    Park assist


    A-front (accessory as available), B-rear (option)

    Front/rear park assist
    The park assist system(s) are designed to assist you when driving into parking spaces, garages, etc. They utilize ultrasound sensors located in the bumpers to measure the distance to a vehicle or other object, or a person who may be close to the front or rear of the vehicle.

    When is park assist active?
    Front: the system is active from the time the engine is started until the car exceeds a speed of approximately 10 mph (15 km/h).

    Rear: when the engine is running and reverse gear is selected.

    NOTE:

  • If the vehicle is equipped with front and rear park assist, both systems will either be activated or deactivated together. They cannot be used separately.
  • The indicator light in the button (see the illustration on page 32) will light up to indicate that park assist system(s) are activated.

    When park assist is actively working:
    1. The audio system's volume will be reduced.
    2. An intermittent signal will be audible from the speakers to indicate that you are approaching a person, object, parked vehicle, etc.
    The signals begin when the distance between the bumper and the object is:
    Rear: approximately 5 feet (1.5 meters)
    Front: approximately 2.5 ft (0.8 meters).
    3. At a distance of approximately 1 foot (30 cm), the signal will become constant.

    Deactivating the system(s)
    1. Press the Park assist button on the center console (see page 32) to temporarily deactivate the system(s).
    2. The indicator light in the button will go out when the system(s) have been deactivated.
    3. If the vehicle is equipped with front and rear park assist, both systems will be deactivated by pressing the button.

    NOTE: It may be necessary to deactivate one or both of the park assist systems in certain cases.

  • Rear park assist: towing a trailer, carrying bicycles in a rear-mounted carrier, etc, could trigger the rear park assist system's sensors.
  • Front park assist: it may not be possible to combine auxiliary headlights and front park assist since these lights could trigger the system's sensors.

    Faults in the system
    If a fault should occur in the system, the LED in the button will be switched off and a message will be displayed in the text window.

    Cleaning the sensors
    For the system to function properly, the sensors in the front and/or rear bumpers should be kept clean. They can be cleaned with car washing detergent and a sponge.

    warningWARNING!
    This system is designed to be a supplementary aid when the vehicle is backing up. It is not, however, intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement.

    pg. 102 Starting and driving

    Towing


    Positions for attaching towing eyelets

    Emergency towing
    The towing eyelet is located in the tool bag, under the floor of the cargo area. This eyelet must be screwed into the positions provided on the right sides of either the front or rear bumper (see illustrations).

    To attach the towing eyelet:
    A Use a coin to pry open the lower edge of the cover (A).
    B Screw the towing eyelet (C) in place (B), first by hand and then using the tire iron until it is securely in place.
    After the vehicle has been towed, the eyelet should be removed and returned to the tool bag. Press the cover back into position.

    Precautions when the vehicle is in tow

  • The steering wheel must be unlocked. Turn the ignition key to position I or II.
  • The gear selector must be in position N.
  • Maximum speed: 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not exceed the maximum allowable towing speed.
  • Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 50 miles (80 km).
  • While the vehicle is being towed, try to keep the tow rope taut at all times.
  • The vehicle should only be towed in forward direction.

    CAUTION
    - Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.
    - If the vehicle's battery is dead, do not attempt to start the vehicle by pushing or pulling it as this will damage the three-way catalytic converter(s). The engine must be jump started using an auxiliary battery (see page 104).
    - If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.

    warningWARNING!
    - Remember that the power brakes and power steering will not function when engine is not running. The braking and steering systems will function but the brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.
    - The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling the vehicle out of a ditch or for any similar purpose involving severe strain. Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the vehicle up onto a flat bed tow truck.

    pg. 103 Starting and driving

    Towing vehicles with front wheel drive/All Wheel Drive
    Volvo recommends the use of flat bed equipment.

    If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the vehicle. In this case, the vehicle should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground if at all possible.

    If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information on the previous page.

    CAUTION
    Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
    It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
    If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.

    warningWARNING!
    Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the vehicle up onto a flat bed tow truck.

    pg. 104 Starting and driving

    Jump starting

    Jump starting
    Follow these instructions to jump start your vehicle's dead battery or to jump start another vehicle's dead battery using your vehicle.
    Although your vehicle's battery is located under the floor of the cargo area, jumper cables should be connected in the engine compartment, to the points shown in the illustrations.

    If the 12-volt auxiliary battery to be used is in another vehicle, check that the vehicles are not touching to prevent premature completion of a circuit. Be sure to follow jump starting instructions provided for the other vehicle.

    To jump start your vehicle:

  • Switch off the ignition.
  • First connect the auxiliary battery positive (+) terminal (1) to the positive (+) terminal in your vehicle's engine compartment (2), located under a small black plastic cover attached to the fuse box cover, marked with a "+" sign.
    Remove the cover on the main fuse box if necessary to access this terminal. Then connect the auxiliary battery's negative (- ) terminal (3) to the ground point in your vehicle's engine compartment (4).
  • Start the engine in the assisting vehicle, then start the engine in the vehicle with dead battery.
  • After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the positive (+) terminal jumper cable.

    warningWARNING!
    PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling

    warningWARNING!
    - Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.
    Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.

    - Do not smoke near the battery.

    - Batteries generate hydrogen gas, which is flammable and explosive.

    - Battery fluid contains sulphuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.

    - Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.

    pg. 105 Starting and driving

    Towing a trailer

    The maximum weights recommended by Volvo for trailers with brakes are shown in the table below.

    No. of occupants 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    Seating position Front seat Front seat 2nd row of seats 2nd row of seats 2nd row of seats Optional 3rd row of seats Optional 3rd row of seats
    All Wheel Drive 5,000 lbs (2250 kg) 5,000 lbs (2250 kg) 4,500 lbs (2050 kg) 3,700 lbs (1700 kg) 2,900 lbs (1350 kg) 1,800 lbs (800 kg) Trailer towing not recommended
    Max. trailer hitch tongue load 500 lbs (225 kg) 500 lbs (225 kg) 450 lbs (205 kg) 370 lbs (170 kg) 290 lbs (135 kg) 180 lbs (80 kg) -
    Front Wheel Drive 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) 3,700 lbs (1650 kg) 2,500 lbs (1150 kg) 1,400 lbs (650 kg)
    Max. trailer hitch tongue load 400 lbs (180 kg) 400 lbs (180 kg) 400 lbs (180 kg) 400 lbs (180 kg) 370 lbs (165 kg) 250 lbs (115 kg) 140 lbs (65 kg)

    NOTE:

  • Recommended hitch tongue load: not more than 10% of the trailer's weight.
    The trailer load should be positioned so that it does not shift and the tongue load should be 10% of the trailer's weight. However, the tongue load should not exceed the maximum permissible weights indicated in the table above.
  • When towing trailers without brakes, the maximum permissible trailer weight is 1,700 lbs (750 kg).
  • If necessary, redistribute the weight of any cargo in the trailer to avoid excessive weight on the trailer hitch.
  • The maximum trailer weight listed in the table for All Wheel Drive models, 5,000 lbs (2250 kg) is only applicable when there are not more than two occupants in the vehicle, in the front seats, with a combined weight of 300 lbs (135 kg), with no other cargo in the vehicle.

    pg. 106 Starting and driving

    Towing a trailer (contd)

  • The maximum weight listed for Front Wheel Drive models, 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) is only applicable when there are not more than four occupants in the vehicle, in the front seats and second row of seats, with a combined weight of 600 lbs (270 kg), with no other cargo in the vehicle.
  • Please be aware that the load on the trailer hitch is part of the vehicle's total load carrying capacity. The amount of cargo in the vehicle and the trailer must be limited so that the gross vehicle weight and maximum permissible rear axle weight (see page 165) are not exceeded.
  • Vehicles used for towing a trailer on a regular basis, or for long-distance highway towing should be equipped with an automatic transmission oil cooler and Volvo's automatic self-leveling system for the rear suspension. Consult your Volvo retailer.
  • Volvo recommends the use of Volvo trailer hitches that are specially designed for the vehicle.
  • All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.
  • Increase tire pressure to recommended full inflation pressure. See chapter "Wheels and tires."
  • When your vehicle is new, avoid towing heavy trailers during the first 620 miles (1,000 km).
  • Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air conditioner if the temperature gauge needle enters the red range.
  • If the automatic transmission begins to overheat, a message will be displayed in the text window.
  • Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
  • It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe state/local regulations).
  • Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
  • Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
  • Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in mountainous areas.

    warningWARNING!
    - Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.
    Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
    - Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.
    - When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly fastened to the hole or hook provided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle. The safety wire should never be fastened to or wound around the drawbar ball.

    NOTE!
    - When parking the vehicle with a trailer on a hill, apply the parking brake before putting the gear selector in (P)ark. When starting on a hill, put the gear selector in (D)rive before releasing the parking brake.
    - If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift positions while towing a trailer, make sure the gear you select does not put too much strain on the engine (using too high a gear).

    pg. 107 Starting and driving

    Leveling
    If your vehicle is equipped with automatic levelling, the rear suspension always retains the correct ride height regardless of the load.

  • The system adjusts the rear suspension to the correct level after the vehicle has been driven a short distance.
  • When the vehicle is stationary, the rear suspension lowers, which is normal.


    A - ball holder, B - locking bolt, C - safety wire
    attachment, D - hitch assembly, E - cotter pin

    Detachable trailer hitch - installing/removing

    Installing the ball holder
    1. If necessary, remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the hitch assembly.
    2. Slide the ball holder into the hitch assembly.
    3. Align the hole in the ball holder with the one in the hitch assembly.
    4. Slide the locking bolt through the hitch assembly/ball holder.
    5. Insert the cotter pin in the hole at the end of the locking bolt.

    Removing the ball holder
    1. Remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the ball holder/hitch assembly.
    2. Pull the ball holder out of the hitch assembly.

    NOTE: A cover for the hitch assembly can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.

    pg. 108 Starting and driving

    Load carriers

    Positioning the load carriers
    Make sure that the wing-shaped load carriers are installed on the roof rails with the rounded edge forward (see the inset illustration above). The load carriers are identical and can be placed anywhere along the roof rails.

    When not in use, we recommend that the front load carrier be placed approximately 2 inches (5 cm) in front of the center roof rail anchorage point and the rear load carrier approximately 1.5 inches (3.5 cm) in front of the rear rail anchorage. This will help to reduce wind noise.

    NOTE: Volvo accessories mounted on these load carriers will require T-track mounting hardware for correct installation. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

    Installing the load carriers
    Make sure that the load carrier is pressed firmly out against the roof rail. Screw the load carrier in place. Use the supplied torque wrench and tighten to the mark on the wrench (corresponding to 6 Nm). See illustration.

    warningWARNING!
    Loads carried on the vehicle's roof should not exceed 220 lbs (100 kg), including the weight of the load carriers and any other load carrying equipment (ski boxes, bicycle racks, etc.). Excessive loads on the roof can adversely affect the handling and roadholding characteristics of the vehicle.

    Load carrier cover
    The vehicle's ignition key or the stud on the edge of the supplied torque wrench can be used to undo or tighten the cover. Turn a quarter turn (90 degrees). See illustration.

    pg. 109 Starting and driving

    Cold weather precautions

    If you wish to check your vehicle before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:

  • Make sure that the engine coolant contains 50 percent antifreeze. Any other mixture will reduce freeze protection. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C). See section "Coolant". The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze must not be mixed.
  • Volvo recommends using only genuine Volvo antifreeze in your vehicle's radiator. Your Volvo retailer stocks plenty of Volvo engine coolant to help protect your vehicle during cold weather.
  • Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
  • The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type*, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for more information.
  • The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an antirust oil on the battery posts.
  • Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving - see section "Wheels and tires."
  • To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze (see page 140 for the location of the washer fluid reservoir).
    This is important since dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:
    Down to 14° F (-10° C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water
    Down to 5° F (-15° C): 1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water
    Down to 0° F (-18° C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water
    Down to -18° F (-28° C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water
  • Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.

    NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

    W Winter/Wet driving mode-enhanced vehicle traction

  • Mode W will only function if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
  • Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode.
  • An LED in the button will light up to indicate that W is engaged and this will also be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 26).
  • This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.

    * Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

    pg. 110 Starting and driving

    Before a long distance trip

    It is always worthwhile to have your vehicle checked at a Volvo retailer before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

    As a minimum, the following items should be checked before any long trip:

  • Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
  • Check for fuel, oil, and fluid leakage
  • Check transmission oil level*.
  • Check condition of drive belts.
  • Check state of the battery's charge.
  • Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
  • The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo retailer only.
  • Check all lights, including high beams.
  • Reflective warning triangles are legally required in some states/provinces.
  • Have a word with your Volvo retailer if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain the correct fuel.
  • Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to occur, consider snow tires.

    * To prevent injury from contact with hot surfaces, do not inspect your vehicle's transmission fluid yourself. Have your vehicle's transmission fluid level inspected by a qualified Volvo service technician.



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