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Chapter 12 - Specifications

pg. 185 Specifications

Label information 186
Dimensions and weights 187
Fuel, oils, and fluids 188
Engine oil 189
Engine specifications 190
Electrical system 191
Three-way catalytic converter 192
Volvo programs 193

pg. 186 Label information

1. Vacuum hose routing (underside of hood)

2. Model plate
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Codes for color and upholstery, etc. The label is located on the passenger's side center door pillar.

3. Loads and Tire Pressures
(on inside of fuel filler door): Canadian models only.

4. Child safety lock
This information is stamped on the rear inside edges of the doors.

5. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of Transport (CMVSS) standards (Canada)
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the facing side of the driver's door. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

6. Loads and Tire Pressures U.S. models only
Certain models will only have one decal, depending on the specifications of the vehicle.

7. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)1
The VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The VIN is also stamped on the right hand door pillar.

8. Vehicle Emission Control Information
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label on the underside of the hood. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your Volvo retailer.

1. The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in correspondence concerning your vehicle with the retailer and when ordering parts.

pg. 187 Dimensions and weights

Dimensions and weights

Length 177.7 in. (451 cm)
Width 69.7 in. (177 cm)
Height 57.2 in. (145 cm)
Wheelbase 103.9 in. (264 cm)
Front track 60.4/60.9 in. (154/155 cm)
Rear track 60.3/60.8 in. (153/154 cm)
Turning circle 34.9 ft. (10.6 m)
Cargo capacity 15.5 cu. ft. (440 liters)

Category USA Canada
Gross vehicle weight FWD1: 4320 lbs
FWD Turbo: 4320 lbs
AWD2 Turbo: 4450 lbs
1960 kg
1960 kg
2020 kg
Capacity weight FWD: 800 lbs
AWD: 800 lbs
365 kg
365 kg
Permissible axle weight, front FWD: 2380 lbs
FWD Turbo: 2380 lbs
AWD Turbo: 2420 lbs
1080 kg
1080 kg
1100 kg
Permissible axle weight, rear FWD: 2220 lbs
FWD Turbo: 2220 lbs
AWD Turbo, AWD: 2220 lbs
1010 kg
1010 kg
1010 kg
Curb weight FWD: 3220 - 3350 lbs
AWD: 3450 - 3510 lbs
1464 - 1523 kg
1568 - 1596
Max. roof load All models: 165 lbs All models: 75 kg
Max. trailer weight (w/o brakes) All models: 1540 lbs All models: 700 kg
Max. trailer weight (with brakes) All models: 2000 lbs All models: 900 kg
Max. tongue weight All models: 165 lbs All models: 75 kg

1. FWD = Front Wheel Drive
2. AWD = All Wheel Drive

The maximum permissible axle loads and/or the gross vehicle weight must not be exceeded.

When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total capacity weight must not be exceeded.

pg. 188 Fuel, oils, and fluids

Specifications and capacities

Category Specification Capacity
Fuel tank Octane rating: Unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating AKI of 91, or above. The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91). 15.9 US gallons (60 liters)
Models with All Wheel Drive have a tank volume of 15 US gallons (57 liters).
Models with engine code 39 have a fuel tank capacity of 14.5 US gallons (55 liters). This code is the 6th and 7th digits from the left in your vehicle's VIN number.
See page 186 for the location of the VIN plate.
Engine oil (with filter replacement) See page 189 for information on engine oil specifications. 6.1 US quarts (5.8 liters)
Automatic transmission oil JWS 8.19 US quarts (7.75 liters)
Manual transmission oil MTF 97309-10 2.2 US quarts (2.1 liters) - non-turbo models
2.1 US quarts (2.0 liters) - turbo models
Coolant Volvo original coolant/antifreeze (50/50 mixture of water and anti-freeze) 9 US quarts (8.5 liters) - models with automatic transmission
8.5 US quarts (8.0 liters) - models with manual transmission
Brake fluid DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433 0.63 US quarts (0.6 liters)
Power steering fluid WSS M2C204-A or equivalent 1.3 US quarts (1.2 liters) - system and reservoir combined
Washer fluid reservoir Use washer fluid solvent in cold weather conditions. 6.8 US quarts (6.5 liters)
Air conditioning system Refrigerant - R134a 1.2 lbs. (530 grams)

pg. 189 Engine oil

Oil specifications
Engine oil must meet the minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving. Your Volvo has been certified to standards using ILSAC oil specification GF-2 5W-30. Volvo recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.
Volvo Cars recommends Castrol.
Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils.

Oil additives must not be used.
Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal service intervals. This oil is only used at customer request, at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.

Oil viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)
Operation in hot climates
When temperatures exceed 86° F (30° C) in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as SAE 10W-30. See the viscosity chart.

Operation in temperate climates
Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 86° F (30° C), SAE 5W-30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart.

American Petroleum Institute (API) symbol

Extreme engine operation
Synthetic oils meeting SAE 10W-30 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

American Petroleum Institute (API) symbol
The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:

  • The upper section describes the oil's performance level.
  • The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
  • The lower section indicates whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving properties in a standard test in comparison to a reference oil.

    pg. 190 Engine specifications

    Engine designation B5244S4B5244S7 B5254T3
    kW/rps 125/100 125/100 162/83
    hp/rpm 168/6000 168/6000 218/5000
    Nm/rps 230/73 230/73 320/25-80
    ft. lbs./rpm 166/4400 166/4400 236/1500-4800
    No. of cylinders 5 5 5
    Displacement (liters/cubic inches) 2.44/148.6 2.44/148.6 2.52/153.8
    Bore (mm/in.) 83/3.27 83/3.27 83/3.27
    Stroke (mm/in.) 90/3.54 90/3.54 93.2/3.67
    Compression ratio 10.3:1 10.3:1 9.0:1
    Spark plugs
    type Volvo kit no. 30650843 Volvo kit no. 30650843 Volvo kit no. 30650379
    gap inches/mm (3x) 0.024 0.004 in./0.6 0.1mm (3x) 0.024 0.004 in./0.6 0.1mm 0.027in./0.7mm
    tightening torque ft. lbs./Nm 22.5 ft. lbs./30 Nm 22.5 ft. lbs./30 Nm 22.5 ft. lbs./30 Nm

    Charge air cooler (Intercooler)
    Turbocharged engines employ a turbocompressor to force air into the engine inlet manifold and a charge air cooler to cool the compressed inlet air. The resulting increase in air flow raises pressure in the intake manifold and increases engine power over that developed by the normally-aspirated engine. The charge air cooler (which resembles a radiator) is located between the turbo-compressor and inlet manifold.

    Fuel system
    The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system.

    pg. 191 Electrical system

    General information
    12-volt system with voltage controlled generator. Single wire system in which the chassis and engine block are used as conductors, grounded on the chassis.

    Please refer to page 157 for a list of the bulbs used in your car.

    Voltage 12 V 12 V 12 V
    Cold start capacity (CCA) 520 A 600 A* 700 A**
    Reserve capacity (RC) 100 min 120 min 150 min
    If the battery must be replaced, replace it with one with the same cold start capacity and reserve capacity as the original (see the decal on the battery).

    * Cars equipped with the High Performance audio system
    ** Cars equipped with the Premium Sound audio system and/or the Volvo Navigation system
    Generator 1 maximum current 120/150 A
    Starter motor output 1.4/1.9 kW

    1. Dependent on engine type

    pg. 192 Three-way catalytic converter

    Three-way catalytic converter - general information

  • Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.
  • Do not park your vehicle over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.
  • Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), or an intermittently firing or flooded engine can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.
  • Remember that tampering or unauthorized modifications to the engine, the Electronic Control Module, or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:
    - Altering fuel injection settings or components.
    - Altering emission system components or location or removing components.
    - Repeated use of leaded fuel.

    NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for vehicles with three-way catalytic converters.

    pg. 193 Volvo programs

    Volvo On Call Roadside Assistance
    Your new Volvo comes with a four year ON CALL roadside assistance. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment. If you have misplaced your package, dial:
    In the U.S.A. 1-800-638-6586 (1-800-63-VOLVO)
    In Canada: 1-800-263-0475

    Technician certification
    In addition to Volvo factory training, Volvo supports certification by the National Institute for Automotive Excellence (A.S.E.). Certified technicians have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams, each technician must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional technicians are best able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary maintenance procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

    pg. 194

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