2 0 0 4
S40 & V40
pg. 74 Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD)
Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD)
EBD is an integrated part of the ABS system. EBD regulates
the hydraulic pressure to the rear brakes to help provide optimal
If the Brake failure warning light and ABS warning light come on at the same time, this could indicate a fault in the brake
system. If the brake fluid level is above the lowest MIN mark, drive carefully to
an authorized Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.
If the fluid level is below the lower MIN mark in the reservoir, DO
NOT DRIVE. Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer and
have the brake system inspected.
pg. 75 Winter driving, Long distance trips
Cold weather precautions
Make sure that the engine
coolant contains 50 percent antifreeze: that is, 3.2 qts. (3 liters) Volvo Genuine
Coolant/Antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F
(-35°C). See section "Coolant".
The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze may
not be mixed.
Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation
of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold
weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low
viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting as well as
decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter
use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type *, is recommended.
Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil
for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for
The load placed on the
battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover,
the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In
very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged.
It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more
frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.
Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels
for winter driving - see section "Wheels and tires".
To prevent the washer fluid
reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze (see page 118 for the location of
If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather,
the following advice is worth noting:
washer fluid reservoir). This is important since dirt is often
splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use
of the washers and wipers. The Volvo Washer Solvent should be
diluted as follows:
Down to 14° F (-10° C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water
Down to 5° F (-15° C): 1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water
Down to 0° F (-18° C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water
Down to -18° F (-28° C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water
When driving in temperatures below 15° F (-10° C), we
recommend the use of Volvo's radiator guard to help the engine reach
normal operating temperature as quickly as possible. This guard should
not be used when towing a trailer.
Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.
Power steering fluid: Use Pentosin CHF 11 S if your car is
used mainly in areas with temperatures below freezing.
NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to
* Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the
normal maintenance service intervals.
Before a long distance trip
Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption
Check fuel, oil and fluid leakage.
Check condition of accessory drive belts.
Check state of charge of battery.
Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those
that are worn. Check tire pressures.
The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should
be checked by your Volvo retailer only.
Check all lights, including high beams.
Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some states.
Have a word with your Volvo retailer if you intend to drive
in countries where it may be difficult to obtain correct fuel.
Consider your destination. If you will be driving on snowy or icy roads, consider snow tires.
It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo
retailer before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to
supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in
the event that problems occur.
If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:
pg. 76 Detachable trailer hitch - installing
pg. 77 Detachable trailer hitch - removing
When preparing for trailer towing, observe the following:
Trailers without brakes: 1000 lbs
Trailers with brakes: 2000 lbs (908 kg),
Max tongue load:
Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is:
(w/o brakes) 110 lbs (50 kg)
(with brakes) 165 lbs (75 kg)
Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are registered.
Gradients over 12% or at heights
over 3000ft (1000 m).
All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers.
Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with
the proper operation of this bumper system.
Deduct 220 lbs (100 kg) from the maximum permitted trailer weight for
each additional 1500 ft (500 m) or each additional 1% gradient.
Do not attempt to drive gradients steeper than 15% with a trailer. The load on
the powered wheels/front wheels is then so low that they may slip and bring the car
to a standstill. Do not rely on the handbrake alone to hold the car stationary when it
has a trailer attached: the wheels may slide along the ground. Chock the wheels
with blocks or stones.
Volvo recommends the use of Volvo
trailer hitches which are specially designed for the
car. For trailer weights exceeding 2000 lbs (908 kg), use only a trailer hitch
offered as a Genuine Volvo Accessory.
Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into
Increase tire pressure to recommended
full. See section "Wheels and tires".
Engine and transmission are subject
to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely
watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off
the air conditioner if the temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.
Avoid overload and other abusive
Hauling a trailer affects handling,
durability, and fuel economy.
It is necessary to balance trailer
brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe
Do not connect the trailer's brake
system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
Volvo recommends the use of
synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over
long distances or in mountainous areas.
NOTE: Refer to section "Automatic
transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.
WARNING! Bumper attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should
safety chains be attached to the bumper.
Trailer hitches attaching to the
vehicle rear axle must not be used.
Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the
vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle
lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.
When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly
fastened to the hole or hook provided in the trailer hitch on the car. The safety
wire should never be fastened to or wound around the drawbar ball.
NOTE: The car is equipped with a transmission oil cooler as standard
equipment. This cooler helps prevent overheating of
the transmission during times of increased load,
as when towing a trailer.
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