2 0 0 4
S40 & V40
|Chapter 4 - Starting and driving|
This section on starting and driving contains items such as starting
the engine, operating the gear selector, towing, trailers, etc.
|Fuel requirements, Refueling||62|
|Starting the engine||65|
|Points to remember||68|
|Vehicle towing information||71|
|Jump starting, Proposition 65 Battery Warning||72|
|Brake system, ABS||73|
|Electronic Brake-Force Distribution (EBD)||74|
|Winter driving, Before a long distance trip||75|
|Detachable trailer hitch, installing/removing||76|
Deposit control (detergent) gasoline
Volvo recommends the use of detergent gasoline to control engine deposits. Detergent gasoline is effective in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.
Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.
NOTE: Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methyl-cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System performance may be affected, and the Check Engine Lamp located on your instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for service.
Carbon Monoxide - Important Warning
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, and odorless gas. It is present in all exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated, and immediately return the vehicle to your retailer for correction.
Do not use gasoline that contains lead as a knock inhibitor, and do not use lead additives. Besides damaging the exhaust emission control systems on your car, lead has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer.
Many fuels contain benzene as a solvent. Unburned benzene has been strongly linked to certain forms of cancer. If you live in an area where you must fill your own gas tank, take precautions. These may include:
Use of Additives
With the exception of gas line antifreeze during winter months, do not add solvents, thickeners, or other store-bought additives to your car's fuel, cooling, or lubricating systems. Overuse may damage your engine, and some of these additives contain organically volatile chemicals. Do not needlessly expose yourself to these chemicals.
Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing in to each other. From the time the engine is new until the first service is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than normal. For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your car during this period. See page 114.
Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating. AKI of 91, or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON. (RON + MON/2).
The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).
Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers
Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers.
However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality standards, some areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel.
Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated" fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page must still be met.
Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used.
Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".
Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.
The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately: 16 US gallons (60 liters) with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather.
Fuel filler door
The fuel filler door (on the left rear fender) is unlocked along with the car's central locking system.
Open fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather.
Economical driving conserves natural resources
Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:
Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:
NOTE: The automatic transmission's (D)rive position should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy.
Starting and stopping
1. Fasten the seat belt.
2. Make sure the gear selector is in the Park position.
3. Without touching the accelerator pedal,
turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for
up to 5 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to
start, repeat step 3.
For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts. Depress the brake pedal and release the parking brake.
4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position, the ignition key must be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed.
5. Select the desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay which is especially noticeable when selecting R.
NOTE: Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system. When the engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the starting key can be removed from the ignition switch.
The engine should be idling; never accelerate until after you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.
NOTE: Selecting P or N when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent overheating of transmission oil.
Ignition sleep mode
If the key is turned to "drive" position (see page 26) for several minutes without the engine running, the car's starting system will power down to "sleep" mode. To start the car, momentarily turn the key back to the "locked" position. Then start the car as you would normally do.
The transmission must be in Park position to start the engine, and to allow removal of the key from the ignition when you leave the car. The car should be stationary when you select P! In the position P the transmission is mechanically locked. Always apply the parking brake when parking!
In order to move the gear selector from P position to the other gear positions the key must be in driving position (position II) and the brake pedal must be depressed. See page 99 for information on how to move the gear selector manually in case of a dead battery.
The car must be at a standstill before you select Reverse gear.
N Neutral position
The N position is the neutral position. The engine can be started, but no gear is selected. Apply the parking brake when the car is stationary with the gear selector in position N.
D Driving position
D is the normal driving position. The gear selector automatically shifts up and down between the transmission gears, based on the level of acceleration and the speed. The car should be stationary when you select D from position R.
4 Low gear position
Shifting up and down between the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th occurs automatically.
Shifting up to Drive does not occur.
Position 4 can be used:
3 Low gear position
Shifting up and down between the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd occurs automatically.
The 4th and Drive gears will not be engaged.
Position 3 can be used:
L Low gear position
Choose position L if you want to drive with the 1st or 2nd gear engaged. Position L gives the best possible engine braking effect when, for example, mountain driving.
Shifting up to 5th does not occur.
Position 4 can be used:
There is a built in protection in the transmission which prevents over revving in the engine when you select one of the low gear positions.
W - Winter/Wet Weather
Use the W button to turn the Winter/Wet Weather function on or off.
The Winter/Wet Weather function limits downshifting during acceleration, helping to reduce wheel spin. Because downshifting is limited in W mode, performance may seem sluggish and fuel economy may be reduced.
W mode is recommended for acceleration from a standstill on rain-slicked roads.
Automatic transmission - shift
The gear selector can be moved freely between N and D. Selections of other positions are obtained by depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.
Slightly depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions R, N, D, 4, 3 and L. Fully depressing the selector knob allows selection of position P. This is also necessary when initially bringing the selector out of position P. Fully depressing the selector knob permits shifting freely between all positions.
Automatic shift to a lower gear (kick-down) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An upshift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the accelerator pedal slightly. Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds. Avoid using the kick-down function during the break-in period (first 1,200 miles of vehicle operation).
If the indicator lamp (see page 21 item 18) begins to flash, this is an indication of a fault in the automatic transmission. The Check Engine Lamp will also light up if a fault is detected. If the transmission does not shift properly, place the gear selector in position L. Please contact your Volvo retailer if this occurs.