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pg.111 Servicing

Air cleaner

Replace the air cleaner cartridge with a new one every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.

Timing belt

For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, the timing belt must be replaced every 105,000 miles (168,000 km). Engine damage will occur if the belt fails.

Fuel system cap, tank and lines and connections

The effectiveness of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons is dependent largely on a leakfree system. Check for proper sealing of the fuel filler cap which contains "O" ring type seals.

NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the Malfunction Indicator Lamp ("Check Engine") may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

Fuel (line) filter

For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, the fuel line filter should be replaced at 105,000 miles (168,000 km). The filter is replaced as one complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank (or if there is reason to suspect that this has occurred).

PCV system

The orifice nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner should be inspected at 60,000 miles (96,000 km) and thereafter, at 30,000 mile (48,000 km) intervals.

Cabin air filter

Replace the cabin air filter with a new one at 15,000 mile (24,000 km) intervals. Volvo recommends replacing the filter more often if the car is driven under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.

pg.112 Servicing

Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 4.7 US qts. (4.5 liters).

During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.

Hoisting the car

If a garage jack is used to lift the car, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are specially reinforced to bear the weight of the car. A garage jack can also be placed under the front of the engine support frame. Take care not to damage the splash guard under the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the car cannot slide off it. Always use axle stands or similar structures.

If a twopost hoist is used to lift the car, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail (see illustration above).

pg.113 Opening the hood, Engine compartment

Opening the hood

· Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release the hood lock.
· Lift the hood slightly.
· Press up the release control located under the front edge of the hood (at the center) and lift.


Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

Engine compartment
1 Expansion tank - coolant
2 Oil filler cap - engine
3 Dipstick - engine oil
4 Brake fluid reservoir
5 Battery (in trunk)
6 Data plate
7 Radiator/cooling fan
8 Power steering fluid reservoir
9 Air cleaner
10 Washer fluid reservoir
11 Main fuse box
12 Relay/fuse box


The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

pg.114 Engine oil

Oil quality

Meeting minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving.

Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils. Oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Volvo recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.

Oil iscosity (stable ambient temperatures)
Operation in temperate climates

Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 86 F, SAE 5W/30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart at right.

Operation in hot climates

When temperatures exceed 86 F in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as SAE 10W/30. See the viscosity chart at right.

Extreme engine operation

Synthetic oils meeting SAE 10W/30 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

Changing oil and oil filter

Oil and oil filter changes should be made at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals.

Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer. Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance service intervals.

The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:
· The top half describes the oil's performance level.
· The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
· The bottom half tells whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving proper-ties in a standard test in comparison to a reference oil.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

pg.115 Engine oil

Checking the oil level

The oil level should be checked every time the car is refuelled. This is especially important during the period up to the first service.


Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.

Park the car on a level surface and wait for at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qt (1.5 liter). The oil should preferably be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.

NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.


Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe surfaces.

Adding oil (topping up)

· Add oil of the same kind as already used.
· Capacity (including filter):

Normally-aspirated 6-cylinder engine - 7.3 US qts (6.9 liters).

Turbo 6-cylinder engine - 7.3 US qts (6.9 liters).

· The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change.

pg.116 Power steering/Brake fluid reservoirs

Power steering fluid

The fluid level should always be between the MIN and MAX marks.

Fluid type: ATF

Replace: No fluid change required

Brake fluid

The brake fluid should always be above the MIN mark on the side of the reservoir. Check, without removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.

Fluid type: DOT 4+

Replace: Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

Always entrust brake fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.

pg.117 Battery maintenance

Battery maintenance

The battery in your car is located under the floor of the trunk.

Driving habits and conditions, climate, the number of starts, etc. all affect the service life and function of the battery. In order for your battery to perform satisfactorily, keep the following in mind:

· Check the fluid level in each cell in the battery every 6 months or every 7,500 * miles (12,000 km). The fluid should be at the level shown in the illustration above (A).
Use a screw driver to open the caps and a flashlight to inspect the level.

· If necessary, add distilled water. The level should never be above the indicator (A).
· The fluid level should be checked if the battery has been recharged.
· After inspection, be sure the cap over each battery cell is securely in place.
· Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.
· The battery should be disconnected from the vehicle when a battery charger is used directly on the battery.
· The battery should be disconnected when a boost charger is used directly on the battery. However, if the battery is being charged via the connecting points in the engine compartment (see page 79), the battery must be connected.

Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead com-pounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Battery warning symbols

* More frequently in warm climates.

** The level indicator inside the battery could be designed in various ways. See illustration above!

pg.118 Battery maintenance

Replacing the battery

· Switch off the ignition.
· Unscrew the cover over the battery. Wait at least 10 minutes after switching off the ignition before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the car's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.
· Disconnect the negative (ground) cable first.
· Disconnect the positive cable and pull the ventilation hose* from the battery.
· Lift out the old battery and put a new battery into place.
· Connect the positive cable first.
· Connect the negative (ground) cable.
· Be sure that the ventilation hose* is securely connected to the battery and that the other end of the hose is properly routed through the ventilation opening in the floor of the battery compartment.
· Reinstall the cover and screw it securely in place.


· Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
· Do not smoke near the battery.
· Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.


* Ventilation hose: The battery generates hydrogen gas, which is flammable and explosive. The battery is fitted with a ventilation hose which vents hydrogen gas out of the battery compartment through a ventilation opening in the bottom of this compartment. If the battery must be replaced, it is essential that the ventilation hose is properly connected to the battery and that it is routed through the ventilation opening provided (see illustration).
Be sure the ventilation hose is free of debris.
Only use replacement batteries equipped with a ventilation hose. Consult your Volvo retailer.

pg.119 Replacing wiper blades

Windshield wiper blades

Lift the wiper arm off the windshield and hold the blade at a 45° to the arm. Press the end of the plastic clip located on the arm.

Slide the wiper blade along the arm to release it from the hook. The entire hooked part of the wiper arm must pass through the opening in the wiper blade.

Pull the old blade free of the wiper arm. Install the new blade (installation is the reverse of removal) and make sure that it is properly attached to the wiper arm.

NOTE: For reasons of safety, you should change the windshield wiper blades as soon as they start to leave marks on the windshield or fail to wipe efficiently and cleanly.

To obtain maximum lifetime from a set of wiper blades, clean them with a stiffbristle brush and warm, soapy water as part of a normal car wash.

Headlight wiper blades (certain models)

Pull the wiper blade in the direction indicated by the arrow in the illustration to remove it. Press the new wiper blade into place. The long section of the blade should point toward the grille. Check that the new blade is properly attached to the wiper arm.


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