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VOLVO
V70

Chapter 6 - Starting and driving

pg. 77 Starting and driving


Fuel requirements 78
Refueling 79
Starting the engine 80
Manual transmission 81
Automatic transmission (AW5) 82
Automatic transmission (Geartronic) 84
Driving economy 86
Points to remember 87
Roof racks/load carriers 88
Emergency towing 90
Vehicle towing information 91
Towing a trailer 92
Detachable trailer hitch 93
Jump starting 95
Winter driving 96
Long distance trips 97
Three-way catalytic converter 98

pg. 78 Fuel requirements

NOTE - ENGINE OIL:

Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing-in to each other. From the time the engine is new until the first service is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than normal. For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your car during this period. See page 130.

Fuel requirements

Octane rating

Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating AKI of 91, or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON. (RON + MON/2). The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).

Deposit control gasoline (detergent additives)

Volvo recommends the use of gasoline containing deposit control additives. These additives have shown to be effective in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.


CAUTION! Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

Unleaded fuel

Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

NOTE: Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methyl-cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System performance may be affected, and the Check Engine light (malfunction indicator lamp) located on your instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for service.

Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers

"Oxygenated fuels"

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers. However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality standards, some areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel. Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page must still be met.

Alcohol - Ethanol: Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".

Ethers - MTBE: Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.

pg. 79 Refueling


Refueling

The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 21.1 US gal. (80 liters)* with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. Be aware that the "usable" tank capacity will be somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "Reid vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pump's ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning light comes on.

Fuel filler door

The fuel filler door, located on the right rear fender, is connected to your car's central locking system. The driver's door must be unlocked before the fuel filler door can be opened.

Be sure the fuel filler door is not obstructed and is completely closed after refueling. Open the fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather conditions.

NOTE: During a transitional period, a small number of service stations may still have fuel nozzles that are not compatible with the fuel filler neck on cars equipped with the evaporative control system. Please refer to page 124 for additional information.

* 18.5 US gals (70 liters) on V70 AWD, V70 XC and V70 with non-turbo engine.


CAUTION:
  • Do not refuel with the engine running *. Turn the ignition off or to position I. If the ignition is on, an incorrect reading could occur in the fuel gauge.
  • After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place *.
  • Allow for fuel expansion by not overfilling the tank. Overfilling could also cause damage to the emission control systems.
  • Avoid spilling gasoline when refueling. In addition to causing damage to the environment, gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
  • Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
    * If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the Check Engine light (malfunction indicator lamp) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

    pg. 80 Starting the engine

    Starting the engine

    1. Fasten the seat belt.

    WARNING!
    Before starting, check that the seat, steering wheel and mirrors adjusted properly. Make sure the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Adjust the seat if necessary. See page 50.

    2. Apply the parking brake, if not already set. The gear selector (automatic transmission) is locked in the (P)ark position (SHIFT-LOCK). Manual transmission: the clutch must be fully depressed.

    3. Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key* to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for up to 10 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, repeat this step.

    For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts.

    4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position, the engine must be running (or the ignition key must be in position II) and the brake pedal must be depressed.

    5. Select the desired gear. The gear engages after a very slight delay which is especially noticeable when selecting R.

    NOTE:

  • Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system. When the engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the key can be removed from the ignition switch.
  • When starting in cold weather, the transmission may shift up at slightly higher engine speeds than normal until the automatic transmission fluid reaches normal operating temperature.

    CAUTION:

  • The engine should be idling when you move the gear selector. Never accelerate until after you feel the transmission engage! Accelerating immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.
  • Selecting P or N when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods time will help prevent overheating of the automatic transmission fluid.
  • Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubrication points fast enough to prevent engine damage.

    WARNING!

  • Always place the gear selector in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave the car unattended with the engine running.
  • Always open garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.
  • An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal and the clutch to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal and clutch is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time.

  • * Your car is equipped with an electronic start inhibitor (immobilizer). The keys you received with your car are specially coded. The code in the key is transmitted to an antenna in the ignition switch where it is compared to the code stored in the start inhibitor module. The car can only be started if a properly coded key is used.

    If two of the keys to your car are close together, e.g., on the same key ring, when you try to start the car, this could cause interference in the immobilizer system and result in the car not starting. If this should occur, remove one of the keys from the key ring before trying to start the car again.

    pg. 81 Manual transmission


    Shift positions

    Depress the clutch pedal completely when changing gears*.

    Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving. The shift pattern should be followed. Overdrive (5th gear) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. This gear should be engaged at speeds above approx. 50 mph (80 km/h).

    Engaging reverse gear

    Reverse gear should only be engaged from a complete stop.

    CAUTION: Be careful that you do not inadvertently engage reverse while moving forward.

    * Clutch interlock

    The clutch must be fully depressed before you can start your car. If the clutch is not depressed, it will not be possible to start the engine.

    WARNING!
    An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal and the clutch to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal and clutch is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time.



    pg. 82 Automatic transmission AW5


    P (Park)

    Use this position when starting the engine or parking the car.

    Never use P while the car is in motion.

    The parking brake should be set whenever the car is parked.

    The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFTLOCK). To release the gear selector from this position, the engine must be running (or the ignition key must be in position II) and the brake pedal must be depressed.

    WARNING!
    Never leave the car unattended when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved from P, the car may start moving.

    R (Reverse)

    Never engage R while the car is moving forward.

    N (Neutral)

    Neutral - no gear engaged. Use the parking brake.

    D (Drive)

    D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. The car should not be moving when shifting from R to the D position. Neutral control
  • When the engine is idling, the gear selector is in the Drive position and the brake pedal is depressed, the transmission will automatically switch to neutral.
  • The transmission will automatically return to Drive when the brake pedal is released.

    This function has been added to help reduce emissions.

    4 (Intermediate gear)

    The transmission will shift automatically between gears 4, 3, 2 or 1 from this position. The transmission cannot shift up to (D)rive from fourth gear.

    3 (Intermediate gear)

    The transmission will shift automatically between gears 3, 2 and 1 from this position. The transmission cannot shift up to fourth gear or (D)rive from third gear.

    L (Low gears)

    The transmission is locked in gears 1 and 2 when the selector is in this position.

    NOTE:

  • Gears 4, 3, or L can be used if you are driving in a mountainous area, towing a trailer or to increase engine braking effect.
  • The transmission has a built-in limiter designed to help prevent excessive engine speeds (high rpm) when gears 4, 3 or L are selected.

    Automatic transmission -adaptive system

    The automatic transmission is controlled by an adaptive control system that constantly monitors the way in which the transmission functions. It senses and adapts each gear shift for optimal performance. The system also monitors your particular driving style and adapts gear shifting accordingly.

    pg. 83 Automatic transmission AW5


    Automatic transmission -shift gate positions

    The gear selector can be moved freely between N and D.

    Depressing the button on the front of the gear selector knob enables you to move the gear selector to positions P, R, N, D, 4, 3 and L.

    W Winter/Wet driving mode -enhanced vehicle traction

  • Mode W will only function if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
  • Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode (see illustration).
  • An LED in the button will light up to indicate that W is engaged and this will also be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 25).
  • This mode may be selected for starting/ moving off on slippery roads.

    Kickdown

    Automatic shift to a lower gear (kickdown) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An upshift will occur when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the accelerator pedal slightly. Kickdown can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.

    pg. 84 Automatic transmission (Geartronic)


    P (Park)

    Use this position when starting the engine or parking the car.

    Never use P while the car is in motion. The parking brake should be set whenever the car is parked.

    The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFTLOCK). To release the gear selector from this position, the engine must be running (or the ignition key must be in position II) and the brake pedal must be depressed.

    WARNING!
    Never leave the car unattended when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved from P, the car may start moving.

    R (Reverse)

    Never engage R while the car is moving forward.

    N (Neutral)

    Neutral - no gear engaged. Use the parking brake.

    D (Drive)

    D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. The car should not be moving when shifting from R to the D position.

    Kickdown

    Automatic shift to a lower gear (kickdown) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An upshift will occur when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the accelerator pedal slightly. Kickdown can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds. Kickdown does not function when the transmission is in the manual shift (geartronic) mode (see next page).

    Automatic transmission -adaptive system

    The automatic transmission is controlled by an adaptive control system that constantly monitors the way in which the transmission functions. It senses and adapts each gear shift for optimal performance. The system also monitors your particular driving style and adapts gear shifting accordingly.

    Automatic transmission -shift gate positions

    You can move the gear selector freely between the (MAN)ual and (D)rive positions while driving.

    Depress the button on the front of the gear selector knob to move between the R, N, D, and P positions.

    Please see the following page for information on using the Geartronic manual shift mode.

    pg. 85 Automatic transmission (Geartronic)

    Manual shifting - Geartronic

    You can move the gear selector freely between the (MAN)ual and (D)rive positions while driving. Gears 2, 3, and 4 have a "lock-up" function which reduces engine speed and helps save fuel. The currently selected gear will be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 25).
  • To access the (MAN)ual shifting position from (D)rive, pull the gear selector back slightly from D and move it to the left to MAN.
  • To return to the (D)rive position from MAN, move the gear selector to the right and push it forward to the (D)rive position.

    While driving If you select the (MAN)ual position while driving, the gear that was being used in the (D)rive position will also initially be selected in (MAN)ual position.

  • Move the gear selector forward (toward "+") to shift to a higher gear or rearward (toward "-") to shift to a lower gear.
  • If you hold the gear selector toward "-", the transmission will downshift, one gear at a time, and will utilize the braking power of the engine. If the current speed is too high for using a lower gear, the downshift will not occur until the speed has decreased enough to allow the lower gear to be used.
  • If you slow down to a very low speed, the transmission will automatically shift down.
  • When starting in the (MAN)ual position, 3rd gear is the highest gear that may be selected.

    NOTE: Kickdown (see previous page) does not function when the transmission is in the manual shift (geartronic) mode.

    W Winter/Wet driving mode -enhanced vehicle traction

  • Mode W will function only if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
  • Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode (see illustration).
  • An LED in the button will light up to indicate that W is engaged and this will also be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 25).
  • This mode may be selected for starting/ moving off on slippery roads.

    pg. 86 Driving economy

    Economical driving conserves natural resources

    Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:
  • Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.
  • Whenever possible, avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.
  • Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.
  • Do not exceed posted speed limits.
  • Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.
  • Maintain correct tire pressure. Check tire pressure regularly (when tires are cold).
  • Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.
  • Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and also fuel consumption.
  • Avoid using automatic transmission kickdown feature unless necessary.
  • Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required. When engaged, the conditioner's compressor places an additional load on the engine. However, at higher driving speeds, fuel consumption will be lower with the air conditioning on and the windows closed than with the air conditioning off and the windows open.
  • Using the onboard trip computer's fuel consumption modes can help you learn how to drive more economically.

    Other factors that decrease gas mileage are:

  • Worn or dirty spark plugs
  • Incorrect spark plug gap
  • Dirty air cleaner
  • Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter
  • Dragging brakes
  • Incorrect front end alignment Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance Service intervals.

    NOTE: Vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions should use (D)rive as often as possible and avoid using "kick-down" to help improve fuel economy. Vehicles equipped with manual transmissions should use fifth gear at highway speeds. At other times, choose the highest gear that still allows smooth acceleration.

    Weight distribution affects handling

    At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load on the rear of the vehicle (e.g., heavily loaded (max. 220 lbs, 100 kg) cargo area or when towing a trailer, the less the tendency to understeer.

    Handling, roadholding

    Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section. Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.

    pg. 87 Points to remember

    Cooling system

    The risk for engine overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:
  • Towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.
  • Stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).
  • To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed: Do not drive for prolonged periods at engine speeds above 4500 rpm if you are towing a trailer in hilly terrain. Reduce speed when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of overheating can be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time. Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods. Do not mount auxiliary lamps in front of the grill.

    When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating (the temperature gauge goes repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section), the following precautions should be taken:

  • Switch off the air conditioning system.
  • Pull off the road, away from traffic, stop the car and put the gear selector into neutral.
  • Switch the heater to full (maximum) position. Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice idling speed) until the temperature begins to drop.

    WARNING!
    Do not remove coolant expansion tank cap. The coolant will be extremely hot.

    If necessary, see page 125 and 128 for information on checking and topping-up the coolant level.


    CAUTION: Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.). Damage to the engine could result if excess water is drawn in through the air intake system. Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm). See the flood warning on page 7.


    WARNING!

  • Driving with the tailgate open: Driving with the tailgate open could mean that poisonous exhaust gases enter the passenger compartment. If the tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:
    - Close the windows.
    - Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower control to its highest setting.
  • Floor mats: An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time.

  • Electrical system

    When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following should be observed:
  • A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the electrical system. Be sure to connect the positive battery cable to the positive battery terminal and the negative battery cable to the negative battery terminal.
  • If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the electrical system being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.
  • Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the engine is running, as this may damage the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are properly cleaned and tightened.
  • If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable) and all the connecting cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near the welding points as possible.
  • The radio must be turned off before the battery is disconnected.
  • Switch off the ignition for at least 10 minutes before disconnecting the battery.

    pg. 88 Roof racks/Load carriers

    Load carriers (accessory)

    Load carriers are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:
  • To avoid damaging your car and to achieve maximum safety when driving, we recommend using the load carriers that Volvo has developed especially for your car.
  • The maximum weight that may be loaded on the roof is 220 lbs (100 kg), including load carriers.
  • Avoid single-point loads. Distribute loads evenly.
  • Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.
  • Anchor the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.
  • Check periodically that the load carriers and load are properly secured.
  • Remember that the car's center of gravity and handling change when you carry a load on the roof.
  • The car's wind resistance (and correspondingly, fuel consumption) will increase with the size of the load.
  • Drive smoothly. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.

    Attaching load carriers (models without rails)

    The attachment brackets for the load carriers are located under the roof molding.

    1 Make sure that the load carriers are placed in the right direction. See the mark on the decal under the cover.

    2 Press the guide lugs into the holes (1).

    3 Carefully lower the opposite side of the load carrier to the roof.

    4 Loosen the tightening wheel slightly. Slide the hook on the load carrier attachment into the attachment bracket under the roof molding.

    5 Turn the tightening wheel to secure the load carrier in the attachment bracket.

    6 Repeat this procedure for the other load carrier attachments.

    7 Check that the hooks on all four load carrier attachments are securely tightened in the respective attachment brackets on the roof of the car.

    8 Press down the covers.

    Check periodically that the load carriers and load are properly secured.

    pg. 89 Load carriers (models with rails)


    Position of load carriers

    Make sure that the wing-shaped load carriers are installed on the roof rails with the rounded edge forward (see the inset illustration above). The load carriers are identical and can be placed anywhere along the roof rails.

    Fitting the load carriers (accessory)

    Make sure that the load carrier is pressed firmly out against the roof rail. Screw the load carrier in place. Use the supplied torque wrench and tighten to the mark on the wrench (corresponding to 6 Nm). See illustration.

    Load carrier cover

    The car's ignition key or the stud on the edge of the supplied torque wrench can be used to undo or tighten the cover. Turn a quarter turn (90 degrees). See illustration.



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