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S40 & V 40

Chapter 9 - Specifications

pg. 121 Specifications


This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.
Oil/fluids specifications 122
Engine specifications 123
Cooling/fuel/distributor ignition systems 124
Front/rear suspensions 125
Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle loading 125
Electrical system/bulbs 126
Dimensions/weights 127
ON CALL road assistance 128

pg. 122 Oil/fluid specifications

Oil quality

Meeting minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving.
Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils. Oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.
Volvo recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Engine oilQuality: Meeting minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving. Capacity (incl. filter): 5.7 US qts (5.4 liters).
Capacity (excl. filter): 5.3 US qts (5.0 liters)
Automatic transmission fluidQuality: ATF Dexron III and Mercon Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)
Power steering fluidQuality: ATF oil Capacity: 1.05 US qts. (1 liters)
Brake fluidQuality: DOT 4+
Capacity: 0.42 US qts. (0.4 liters)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 123 Engine


Liquid-cooled, gasoline, inline, 4-cylinder, turbocharged engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron cylinder liners cast directly into the block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts and separate intake and outlet channels.
Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control is accomplished by multiport fuel injection, a heated oxygen sensor and a three-way catalytic converter.
Designation: Volvo B 4204 T3
Output 162 hp at 5100 rpm (121 kw at 5100 rpm)
Max torque 177 ft. lbs. at 1800-4800 rpm (240 Nm at 1800-4800 rpm)
Number of cylinders 4
Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 1.95 liters
Compression ratio 9.0:1
Number of valves 16
Valve clearance mechanical

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 124 Specifications

Cooling system

Type: Positive pressure, closed system

Thermostat begins to open at 186° F (90° C)

Coolant: Volvo original coolant/antifreeze

Capacity: 6 US qts. (5.7 liters)

Fuel system

The engine is equipped with a multipoint fuel injection system.

Distributor ignition system

Firing order: 13-4-2

Distributor ignition setting: Not adjustable

Spark plugs: Champion RC8PYP or equivalent

Spark plug gap: 0.03" (0.75 mm)

Tightening torque: 18.4 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)

The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:

· Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.

· Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Replacing spark plugs

The spark plugs should be changed according to your service program in your Warranty booklet. However, city driving or fast highway driving may necessitate changing after 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of driving. When installing new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use correct torque, see "Specifications". When changing the plugs, check that the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors should be replaced. When changing the spark plugs, clean the terminals and the rubber seals.

Front suspension

Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arms linked to the support frame. Power assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.

The alignment specifications apply to a car at curb weight (without passengers or cargo).

Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.1 mm +- 0.7 mm

Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.6 mm +- 0.8 mm

Rear suspension

Multilink individual rear wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods.

Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 2.6 mm +- 0.8 mm

pg. 125 Specifications

Power transmission

Automatic transmission: AW 50-50

4speed automatic electronically controlled gearbox comprising a hydraulic torque converter with a lockup function; planetary gear, integrated final drive.

Operation via a floor mounted gear selector lever. Drive shafts with symmetrical joint location. Overdrive.

Final drive ratio 2.76:1

Reduction ratios

1st gear 4.77:1

2nd gear 2.99:1

3rd gear 1.96:1

4th gear 1.32:1

5th gear 1.02:1

Reverse 3.23:1


Fuel tank : 16 US gal. (60 liters)

Cooling system : 6 US qts. (5,7 liters)

Engine oil (incl. filter) : 5.7 US qts. ( 5.4 liters)

Engine oil (excl. filter) : 5.3 US qts. ( 5.0 liters)

Automatic transmission : 8 US qts (7.6 liters)

Power steering fluid : 1.05 US qts (1 liters)

Washer fluid reservoir : 3.9 US qts. (3.75 liters)

Brake system : 0.42 US qts (0.4 liters)

Vehicle loading

The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. The label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control without prior warning.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 126 Specifications

Electrical system

12 Volt, negative ground.

Voltagecontrolled generator. Singlewire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.


Voltage: 12 Volt, capacity: 600 A/100 min

The battery contains corrosive and poisonous acids. It is of the utmost importance that old batteries are disposed of correctly. Your Volvo retailer can assist you in this matter.


Rated output: 120 A

Bulb US no. Power Socket No/bulbs
High beam H7 55W - 2
Low beam H7 55W - 2
Parking lights and Turn signals, front 3457NA 26/7W/30/2.2cp W2.5 16q 2
Turn signals, rear 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 2
Side direction indicators - 5W W 2.1x9.5 d 2
Tail lights 67 5W/4cp BA 15 s 4
Brake lights 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 2
Backup lights 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 2
Rear fog light 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 1
Front fog lights H3 55 W PK22.5 2
License plate light (S40) - 5 W W 2.1x9.5 d 2
License plate light (V40) - 5 W SV8.5 2
Door step courtesy lights - 10W SV8.5 2
Trunk light - 5 W SV 8.5 1
Vanity mirror lights - 1.2 W SV5.5 2
Front courtesy lights - 5 W SV5.5 2
Rear reading lights - 5 W W 2.1x9.5 d 2

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 127 Specifications

Length S40/V40 178.0 in. (452 cm)
Width S40/V40 67.7 in. (172 cm)
Height S40/V40 55.9 in. (142 cm)
Wheel base S40/V40 100.4 in. (255 cm)
Track, front S40/V40 57.1 in. (145 cm)
Track, rear S40/V40 57.9 in. (147 cm)
Turning circle: S40/V40 34.8 ft. (10.6 m)
Cargo capacity:
S40 (rear seat up) 39.8 in. (101 cm)
S40 (rear seat down) 68.5 in. (174 cm)
V40 (rear seat up) 40.2 in. (102 cm)
V40 (rear seat down) 68.9 in. (175 cm)
Max width of load opening 27.6 in. (67 cm)
Max height of load opening 20.1 in. (51 cm)

Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW):
S40 3910 lbs (1775 kg)
V40 3960 lbs (1795 kg)
Capacity Weight:
S40 826 lbs (375 kg)
V40 826 lbs (375 kg)
Permissible axle weight, front:
S40 2090 lbs (950 kg)
V40 2090 lbs (950 kg)
Permissible axle weight, rear:
S40 1870 lbs (850 kg)
V40 1920 lbs (870 kg)
Permissible axle weight total:
S40 3920 lbs (1780 kg)
V40 3970 lbs (1800 kg)
Curb weight:
S40 2990 lbs (1360 kg)
V40 3040 lbs (1380 kg)
The max permissible axle loads or the gross vehicle weight must not be exceeded.
Max roof load * 220 lbs (100 kg)
Max trailer weight
(w/o brakes) 1000 lbs (455 kg)
(with brakes) 2001 lbs (908 kg)
Max tongue weight ** 110 lbs (50 kg)

* For permanent roof racks, check the manufacturer's weight specifications.

** Please refer to section "Trailer towing"

When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 128 Road Assistance

Your new Volvo comes with a four year road assistance program named ONCALL. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

If you have misplaced your package, dial:

In the U.S.A.

1-800-63-VOLVO (1-800-638-6586)

In Canada:


Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the A.S.E. (pertains to the USA only). Certified mechanics have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

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