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pg. 112 Engine oil

Checking the oil level

The oil level should be checked every time the car is refuelled. This is especially important during the period up to the first service.

CAUTION: Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too low.

Park the car on a level surface and wait for at least 3 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. If oil is added, it should reach the MAX mark on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liters). The oil should preferably be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.

NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.

Draining the oil?

Drain the oil after driving while it is still warm.

The oil may be very hot.

If you change the engine oil and filter yourself, your Volvo retailer can assist you in disposing of the used oil. Engine oil can be harmful to your skin gloves should be worn when performing this work.

To add or change oil

Add oil of the same kind as already used.

Capacity (including filter): 6.2 US qts (5.8 liters).*

The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change.

Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire risk.

pg. 113 Engine oil

Oil quality

Meeting minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy Conserving.

Your Volvo has been certified to standards using ILSAC oil specification GF-2 5W/30. Volvo recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.

Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils. Oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Oil viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)
Operation in temperate climates

Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 86 F, SAE 5W/30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart at right.

Operation in hot climates

When temperatures exceed 86 F in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as SAE 10W/30. See the viscosity chart at right.

Extreme engine operation

Synthetic oils meeting SAE 10W/30 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for driving in areas of sustained tempera- ture extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

Changing oil and oil filter

Oil and oil filter changes should be made at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals.
Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer. Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance service intervals.

The API Service Symbol The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:

  • The top half describes the oil's performance level.
  • The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
  • The bottom half tells whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving proper ties in a standard test in comparison to a reference oil.

    pg. 114 Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch fluid reservoir

    Power steering fluid

    The dipstick has marks for checking hot and cold oil. The oil level when the engine is cold must never be higher than the COLD mark. After the engine has reached normal operating temperature, the level may not be higher than the HOT mark. Top up when the level is at the ADD mark. Check the level at every service.

    Fluid type: ATF

    Replace: No fluid change required

    Brake and clutch systems

    The brake and clutch systems share the same fluid reservoir. The fluid level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.

    Fluid type: DOT 4+

    Replace: Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

    Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the "MIN" mark of the fluid reservoir.

    Always entrust brake/clutch fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.

    pg. 115 Windshield washer nozzles, Washer fluid reservoir

    Washer fluid reservoir

    The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 4.7 US qts. (4.5 liters).

    During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.

    pg. 116 Coolant

    Check coolant level

    The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check the coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "MAX" and "MIN" marks on the expansion tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the cooling system has been drained.

    Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm up and cooling.

    Capacity: 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

    Coolant: Volvo Genuine Coolant/Anti- freeze only.

    NOTE: Do not top up with water only. Water by itself reduces the rustprotective and antifreeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze.

    If the engine is warm and you are going to top up coolant, unscrew the tank cap slowly in order to allow any excess pressure to escape.

    CAUTION: The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed.

    pg. 117 Engine compartment

    Engine compartment C70

    1 Supplementary fuse box

    2 Expansion tank, coolant

    3 Engine designation plate

    4 Clutch/brake system fluid reservoir

    5 Oil filler cap, engine

    6 Relay/Main fuse box

    7 Washer fluid reservoir

    8 Power steering fluid reservoir

    9 Dipstick engine oil

    10 Dipstick automatic transmission

    11 Air cleaner

    12 Battery

    13 Data plate

    The coolant fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been switched off.

    pg. 118 Battery maintenance

    Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

    Battery maintenance

    Driving habits and conditions, climate, the number of starts, etc. all affect the service life and function of the battery. In order for your battery to perform satisfactorily, keep the following in mind:

    · Check the fluid level in the battery every 6 months or every 7,500 miles* (12,000 km).
    The fluid level in each battery cell should be checked - use a screw driver to open the caps and a flashlight to inspect the level. * More frequently in warm climates.

    · If necessary, add distilled water to approximately 0.4 in. (10 mm) above the plates in the cell or to the level indicator. See the illustrations above.

    · Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.

    · Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, for example when changing the battery.

    · The battery cable should be disconnected from the battery when using a battery charger.

    · Switch off the radio before disconnecting the battery. If your radio has an antitheft code and the battery is disconnected, the radio code has to be reentered in order for the radio to function.

    Battery warning symbols

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