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pg. 70 Points to remember

Speed-sensitive power steering

Your car is equipped with speed-sensitive power steering. With this feature, the steering is most responsive at lower speeds to make parking, driving in city traffic, etc., easier. The effect of the power steering diminishes as you accelerate for greater stability at highway speeds.

Weight distribution affects handling

At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the

steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk (max. 220 lbs, 100 kg), the less the tendency to understeer.

Handling, roadholding

Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.

Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.


Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.). Damage to the engine could result if excess water is drawn in through the air intake system. Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm). See the flood warning on page 7.


· Driving with the trunk open: Driving with the trunk open could mean that poisonous exhaust gases enter the passenger compartment.
If the trunk must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:

- Close the windows.

- Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower control to its highest setting.
· Tires: It is recommended that tires of the same make and dimensions be used on all four wheels (including the use of snow tires). Do not use bias ply tires as this will adversely alter vehicle handling characteristics. Maintain correct tire pressure.
· Floor mats: An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time.

Electrical system

When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the

following should be observed:

· A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the electrical system. Before connections are made, check the polarity of the battery with a voltmeter.
· If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the electrical system being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.
· Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the

engine is running, as this will immediately ruin the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are properly tightened.
· If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable) and all the connecting cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near the welding points as possible.
· The radio must be turned off before the battery is disconnected.
· Switch off the ignition for at least 10 minutes before disconnecting the battery.

pg. 71 Points to remember

Roof rack attachment points

Roof racks

Roof racks are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:

· A small piece of wood or plastic can be used to open the covers over the roof rack attachment points. Be careful not to damage painted surfaces.
· Avoid single-point loads. Distribute the load evenly.
· Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.
· Please note that the car's center of gravity and handling are influenced by load weight.
· Increasing load size increases wind resistance, which also affects fuel economy.
· Anchor the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.
· Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.
· Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg) when Volvo approved removable roof racks are attached to the points indicated in the illustration.

Cooling system

The risk for engine overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:
· Towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.
· Stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).
· To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed:

Do not drive for prolonged periods at engine speeds above 4500 rpm if you are towing a trailer in hilly terrain.

Reduce speed when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of overheating can be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time.

Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods.

Do not mount auxiliary lamps in front of the grill.

When the risk of overheating is imminent, or
in the event of overheating (the temperature gauge goes repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section), the following precautions should be taken:

· Switch off the air conditioning system.
· Pull off the road, away from traffic, stop the car and put the gear selector into neutral. Do not stop the engine!
· Switch the heater to full (maximum) position. Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice idling speed) until the temperature begins to drop.


Do not remove coolant expansion tank cap. The coolant will be extremely hot.

If necessary, see page 106 for information on checking and topping-up the coolant level.

pg. 72 Emergency towing

Front towing eyelet

Emergency towing

The towing eyelet is located in the tool bag, under the floor of the trunk, with the spare tire. This eyelet must be screwed into the positions provided on the right sides of either the front or rear bumper (see illustration). To attach the towing eyelet:
· Use a coin to pry open the lower edge of the cover (A).
· Screw the towing eyelet in place, first by hand and then using the tire iron (B) until it is securely in place.

After the car has been towed, the eyelet should be removed and returned to the tool bag. Press the cover back into position.

Rear towing eyelet

Precautions when the car is in tow

· The steering wheel must be unlocked.
· The gear selector must be in position N.
· Maximum speed: AW5 and GM: 50 mph (80km/h)
· Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: AW5 and GM 50 miles (80 km).
· While the car is being towed, try to keep the tow rope taut at all times.
· Cars with AW5 should only be towed in forward direction.

· Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.
· If the car's battery is dead, the engine must be jump started using an auxiliary battery (see page 75). Do not attempt to start the car by pushing or pulling it as this will damage the three-way catalytic converter(s).
· If the car is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the car on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.


· Remember that the power brakes and power steering will not function when engine is not running. The braking system will function but the brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.
· The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling another vehicle out of a ditch or for any similar purpose involving severe strain.
· Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the car up onto a flat bed tow truck.

pg. 73 Vehicle towing information

Towing cars with front wheel drive

Volvo recommends the use of flat bed equipment.

If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the car. In this case, the car should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground if at all possible.

If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information on the previous page.

· Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
· It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
· If the car is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the car on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.

· Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the car up onto a flat bed tow truck.

pg. 74 Towing a trailer

When preparing for trailer towing, observe the following:

Volvo recommends the use of Volvo trailer hitches which are specially designed for the car.
· Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is:

Trailers without brakes: 1100 lbs (500 kg)

Trailers with brakes: 2" (50 mm) ball - 3300 lbs (1,500 kg), 1 7/8" (47 mm) ball - 2000 lbs (908 kg).

Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are registered.
· All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.

Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:
· Increase tire pressure to recommended full. See section "Wheels and tires".
· When your car is new, avoid towing heavy trailers during the first 620 miles (1000 km).
· Recommended hitch tongue load is:
Trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg) - 110 lbs (50 kg)
Trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg) - 165 lbs (75 kg)
· Maximum speed when towing a trailer: 50 mph (80 km/h).
· Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air conditioner if the temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.
· If the automatic transmission begins to overheat, a message will be displayed in the text window.
· Avoid overload and other abusive operation.
· Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
· It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe State/Local regulations).
· Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
· More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
· Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
· Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in mountainous areas.


· Bumperattached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.
· Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
· Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for correct installation.
· When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly fastened to the hole or hook provided in the trailer hitch on the car. The safety wire should never be fastened to or wound around the drawbar ball.

· When parking the car with a trailer on a hill, apply the parking brake before putting the gear selector in (P)ark. When starting on a hill, put the gear selector in (D)rive before releasing the parking brake.
· If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift positions while towing a trailer, make sure the gear you select does not put too much strain on the engine (using too high gears).

pg. 75 Jump starting

Jump starting

The battery in your car is located under the floor of the trunk. Jumper cables should be connected in the engine compartment, to the points shown in the illustration.

If the 12-volt auxiliary battery to be used is in another car, check that the cars are not touching to prevent premature completion of a negative circuit.

To jump start your car:
· Switch off the ignition.
· First connect the auxiliary battery positive (+) terminal (1) to the positive (+) terminal in your car's engine compartment (2).
· Then connect the auxiliary battery negative (-) terminal (3) to the negative terminal in your car's engine compartment (4).

Start the engine in the assisting car, then start the engine in the car with dead battery.
· After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the positive (+) terminal jumper cable.


Improper hookup of jumper cables or use of other than 12-volt batteries could result in damage to equipment and/or the battery.


· Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.
· Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
· Do not smoke near the battery.
· Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
· Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.

Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.

NOTE: Refer to pages 113-114 for information on properly maintaining the battery.

pg. 76 Winter driving

Cold weather precautions

If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:

· Make sure that the engine coolant contains at least 50 percent antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F
(-35°C). See section "Coolant". The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze may not be mixed.
· Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
· The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves cold-weather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type *, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for more information.
· The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.
· Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving - see section "Wheels and tires".
· To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze (see page 109 for the location of the washer fluid reservoir). This is important since dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. The Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:
Down to 14° F (-10° C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water
Down to 5° F (-15° C): 1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water
Down to 0° F (-18° C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water
Down to -18° F (-28° C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water
· Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.

NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

W Winter/Wet driving mode - enhanced vehicle traction

· Mode W will only function if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
· Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode (see illustration).
· An LED in the button will light up to indicate that W is engaged and this will also be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 23).
· This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.

* Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance service intervals.

pg. 77 Long distance trips

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo retailer before driving long distances. Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:

· Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
· Check engine oil, coolant levels, and for possible fuel leakage.
· Check transmission oil level.
· Check condition of drive belts.
· Check state of the battery's charge.
· Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
· The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo retailer only.
· Check all lights, including high beams.
· Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some countries.
· Have a word with your Volvo retailer if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain the correct fuel.
· Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to occur, consider snow tires.

pg. 78 Three-way catalytic converters

Three-way catalytic converter cautions

· Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converters.
· Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.
· Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), with an intermittently firing or flooded engine, can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.

· Remember that tampering or unauthorized modifications to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:
- Altering fuel injection setting or components.
- Altering emission system components or location or removing components.
- Repeated use of leaded fuel.

NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with three-way catalytic converters

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