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Chapter 9 - Specifications

pg. 121 Specifications


This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.
Oil/fluids specifications 122
Engine specifications 123
Cooling/fuel/distributor ignition systems 124
Front/rear suspensions 124
Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle loading 125
Electrical system/bulbs 126
Dimensions and weights 127
Service manuals, Road assistance 128

pg. 122 Oil/fluid specifications

Oil quality

Meeting API specification SJ, SJ/CF, or SJ/Energy Conserving

For best fuel economy and engine protection, consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.

Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for: driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.

Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Engine oil Quality: Meeting API specification SJ, SJ/CF, or SJ/Energy Conserving Capacity (incl. filter): 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)*
Automatic transmission fluid Quality: AW4: ATF Dexron III and Mercon. Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)
Manual transmission fluid
AW5: Only Volvo gearbox oil (1161540-8). Do not mix with other oils. Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.5 liters)
Power steering fluid Quality: Volvo synthetic gearbox oil 1161423 Capacity: 2.2 US qts. (2.1 liters)
Brake fluid
Quality: ATF Capacity: 0.95 US qts. (0.9 liters)
All specifications are subject to change without notice. Quality: DOT 4+
Capacity: 0.64 US qts. (0.6 liters)
* Add 0.95 qts. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained

pg. 123 Engine specifications


Liquid-cooled gasoline, 5cylinder, inline engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with castiron cylinder liners cast directly into the block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts and separate intake and outlet channels.

Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Fullflow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control is accomplished by multiport fuel injection, heated oxygen sensor(s) and threeway catalytic converter.
Designation: Volvo B 5234 T3Designation: Volvo B 5244 T
Output 236 hp at 5400 rpm (176 kW/90 rps)Output 190 hp at 5100 rpm (142 kW/85 rps)
Max. torque 243 ft. lbs. at 24005100 rpm (330 Nm/4592 rps)Max. torque 199 ft. lbs. at 1600-5000 rpm (270 Nm/27-83 rps)
Number of cylinders 5Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.19" (81 mm)Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.3 litersDisplacement 2.4 liters
Compression ratio 8.5:1Compression ratio 9.0:1
Number of valves 20Number of valves 20

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 124 Specifications

Cooling system

Type: Positive pressure, closed system

Thermostat begins to open at 180° F (87° C)

Coolant: Volvo original coolant/antifreeze

Capacity: 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

Fuel system

The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system.

Distributor ignition system

Firing order: 12453
Distributor ignition setting: Not adjustable
Spark plugs: Champion RC8PYP (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap: 0.03" (0.75 mm)
Tightening torque: 18.4 ft. lbs. +/ 3.7 ft. lbs. (25 Nm +/ 5 Nm)

The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:

· Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.

· Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.

Replacing spark plugs

The spark plugs should be changed every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). However, city driving or fast highway driving may necessitate changing after 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of driving. When installing new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use correct torque, see "Specifications". When changing the plugs, check that the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors should be replaced. When changing the spark plugs, clean the terminals and the rubber seals.

Front suspension

Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arms linked to the support frame. Powerassisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.

The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car but include fuel, coolant and spare wheel.

Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.4 mm +/ 0.7 mm

Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.9 +/ 0.9 mm

Rear suspension

Deltalink individual rear wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods.

Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 4° +/ 10°
All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 125 Specifications

Power transmission

Manual transmission: M 56 H

Singledisc dry plate clutch. Allsynchromesh on all gears including reverse; integrated final drive. Operation via a floor mounted gear lever.

Final drive ratio 4.00:1
Reduction ratios
1st gear 3.07:1
2nd gear 1.77:1
3rd gear 1.19:1
4th gear 0.87:1
5th gear 0.70:1
Reverse 2.99:1

Automatic transmission: AW 5050 LE and AW 50-42 LE

4 or 5speed automatic electronically controlled gearbox comprising a hydraulic torque converter with a lockup function; planetary gear, integrated final drive.

Operation via a floor mounted gear selector lever. Drive shafts with symmetrical joint location. Overdrive.
Final drive ratio 2.76:1 (Turbocharged models: 2.56:1)
Reduction ratios AW5 AW4
1st gear 4.77:1 3.61:1
2nd gear 2.10:1 2.06:1
3rd gear 1.96:1 1.37:1
4th gear 1.32:1 0.98:1
5th gear 1.02:1
Reverse 3.23:1 3.95:1


Fuel tank 17.9 US gal. (68 liters)
Cooling system 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)
Engine oil (incl. filter) 6.1 US qts. ( 5.8 liters) *
Automatic transmission 2 US gals (7.6 liters)
Manual transmission 2.2 US qts. (2.1 liters)
Power steering fluid 0.8 US qts (0.8 liters)
Washer fluid reservoir 4.7 US qts. (4.5 liters)
Brake/clutch system 0.6 US qts (0.6 liters)

* Add 0.95 US qt. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.

Vehicle loading

The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. The label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control without prior warning.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 126 Specifications

Electrical system

12 Volt, negative ground.

Voltagecontrolled generator. Singlewire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.


Voltage 12 Volt

Capacity 520 A/100 min

(certain markets) 420 A/75 min

The battery contains corrosive and poisonous acids. It is of the utmost importance that old batteries are disposed of correctly. Your Volvo retailer can assist you in this matter.


Rated output 1400 W

Max. current 100 A


Bulb US no. Power Socket No/bulbs
High beam H7 55W - 2
Low beam H7 55W - 2
Front parking lights/turn signals 3357NA 30/7W/30/2.2cp W 2.5 x 15q 2
Turn signals, rear - 21W BAU 15 2
Side direction indicators - 5W W 2.1x9.5 d 2
Tail lights 67 5W/4cp BA 15 s 4
Brake lights 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 2
Backup lights 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 2
Rear fog light 1156 21W/32cp BA 15 s 1
Front fog lights H1 55 W P14.5s 2
License plate light - 5 W W 2.1x9.5d 2
Door open warning light - 3 W W 2.1x9.5d 4
Door step courtesy lights - 5W W 2.1x9.5d 2
Trunk light - 10 W SV 8.5 1
Glove compartment light - 2 W BA 9s 1
Vanity mirror lights - 1.2 W - 2
Instrument lighting - 3 W W 2.1x9.5d 3
Illumination, control panel - 1.2 W W 2x4.6 d
gear selector (auto matic trans.) - 1.2 W W 2x4.6d 1
rear ashtray - 1.2 W W 2x4.6d 1
Instrument warning/indicator lights - 1.2 W W 2x4.6d -
Front courtesy lights - 5 W BA 9s 2
Rear reading lights - 5 W BA 9s 2

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 127 Specifications

Dimensions and weights - Volvo C 70

Length 185.8 in. (472 cm)
Width 71.7 in. (182 cm)
Height 55.1 in. (140 cm)
Wheelbase 104.7 in. (266 cm)
Track, front 59.8 in. (151.8 cm)
Track, rear 59.7 in. (151.6 cm)
Turning circle (between curbs) 39 ft. (11.9 m)
Cargo capacity 13.1 cu. ft. (0.37m3)

When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.

USA Canada
Gross vehicle weight (GVW)
(aut.) 4190 lbs (1900 kg) 1900 kg
(man.) 4140 lbs (1878 kg) 1880 kg
Capacity weight * 785 lbs (356 kg) 355 kg
Curb weight 3305-3405 lbs (1499-1544 kg) 1500-1545 kg
Permissible axle weight, front
(aut.) 2360 lbs (1070 kg) 1070 kg
(man.) 2310 lbs (1048 kg) 1050 kg
Permissible axle weight, rear 1940 lbs (880 kg) 880 kg
Max roof load 220 lbs (100 kg) 100 kg
Max trailer weight (w/o brakes) 1100 lbs (500 kg) 500 kg
Max trailer weight (with brakes)
2" ball 3300 lbs (1500 kg) 1500 kg
1 7/8" ball 2000 lbs (908 kg) 900 kg
Max tongue weight ** 165 lbs (75 kg) 75 kg

* The max permissible axle loads or the gross vehicle weight must not be exceeded.

** See also section "Trailer towing"
All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 128 Road Assistance

Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

NOTE: The above pertains to the USA only.

Your new Volvo comes with a four year road assistance program named ONCALL. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

If you have misplaced your package, dial:

In the U.S.A.

1-800-63-VOLVO (1-800-638-6586)

In Canada:

1-800-263-0475 All specifications are subject to change without notice.

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