Chapter 9 - Specifications

pg. 133 Specifications

Specifications


This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.


Page No. Subject
pg. 134 Oil/Fluids specifications
pg. 135 Engine specifications
pg. 136 Cooling/fuel/distributor ignition systems
pg. 136 Front/rear suspensions
pg. 137 Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle loading
pg. 138 Electrical system/bulbs
pg. 139 Dimensions and weights
pg. 140 Service manuals, Road assistance

pg. 134 Oil/fluid specifications

Oil quality


Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II
For best fuel economy and engine protection, consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection. Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for : driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.
Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.


NOTE: SAE 15 W-40 oil should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a better alternative in such conditions.
SAE 15W-30 should not be used under normal operating conditions.


Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):



Engine oil

Quality: Meeting API specification SG or SH

Capacity (incl. filter) : 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)*

Automatic transmission fluid

Quality: ATF Dexron IIE/ III and Mercon

Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)

Manual transmission fluid

Quality: Volvo synthetic gearbox oil 1161423

Capacity: 2.2 US qts (2.1 liters)

Power steering fluid

Quality: ATF

Capacity: 0.85 US qts. (0.8 liters)

Brake fluid

Quality: DOT 4+

Capacity: 0.64 US qts. (0.6 liters)


* Turbo-charged models: Add 0.95 qts. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 135 Engine

Engine


Liquid-cooled gasoline, 5-cylinder, in-line engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron cylinder liners cast directly into block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts and separate intake and outlet channels.
Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by multiport fuel injection, heated oxygen sensor(s) and three-way catalytic converter


Designation: Volvo B 5254 S


Output 168 hp at 6200 rpm (125 kw 103 rps)
Max torque 162.3 ft. lbs. at 4700 rpm (220 Nm/55 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.4 liters
Compression ratio 10.5:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting


Designation: Volvo B 5254 T


Output 190 hp at 5100 rpm (142 kw/85 rps)
Max torque 199 ft. lbs. at 1800-4998 rpm (270 Nm/30-83.3 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.4 liters
Compression ratio 9.0:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting


Designation: Volvo B 5234 T3


Output 236 hp at 5100 rpm (176 kw/85 rps)
Max torque 243 ft. lbs. at 2700-5100 rpm (330 Nm/45-85 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.19" (81 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.3 liters
Compression ratio 8.5:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting


All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 136 Specifications

Cooling system


Type: Positive pressure, closed system
Thermostat begins to open at 186°F (90°C)
Turbo-charged models 180° F (87° C)
Coolant: Volvo original coolant/anti-freeze
Capacity: 7.6 US qts. (7.2 liters)
Turbo-charged models - 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)


Fuel system


The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system


Distributor ignition system


Firing order 1-2-4-5-3
Distributor ignition setting Not adjustable
Spark plugs Bosch FR 7 DC or Champion RC9YC
Spark plug gap 0.028" (0.7 mm)
Turbo-charged models: Champion RC8PYP (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap 0.03" (0.75 mm)
Tightening torque 18.4 ft. lbs. +/- 3.7 ft. lbs. (25 Nm +/- 5 Nm)


Front suspension


Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arm linked to the support frame. Power-assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.


Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.4 mm +/- 0.7 mm
Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.9 +/- 0.9 mm


Rear Suspension


Delta-link individual rear-wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods.


Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 4° +/- 10°


All specifications are subject to change without notice.




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