pg. 126 Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch fluid reservoir

Power steering fluid Brake (clutch) fluid

Power steering fluid

The dipstick has marks for checking hot and cold oil. The oil level when the engine is cold must never be higher than the COLD mark. After the engine has reached normal operating temperature, the level may not be higher than the HOT mark. Top up when the level is at the ADD mark.
Check the level at every service.

Fluid type: ATF
Replace: no fluid change required.

Brake and clutch systems

The brake and clutch systems share the same fluid reservoir. The fluid level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.

Fluid type: DOT 4+
Replace: Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)

Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the " MIN " mark of the fluid reservoir.
Always entrust brake/clutch fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.

pg. 127 Automatic transmission fluid

Check the oil level as follows:

Park the car on a level surface with the engine idling . Slowly move the gear selector lever through all the shift positions and then to position P. Wait 3 minutes before checking the oil level.
As the illustration shows, the dipstick has a COLD and a HOT side. The oil level should between the MIN and MAX marks. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth.

WARNING! The oil may be very hot.

Do not use rags that could leave lint on the dipstick. The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube. The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to 0.5 US qt. (0.5 liter). Do not fill the transmission with too much oil, since this can result in oil being ejected from the transmission. Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission operation, particularly in very cold weather.

A Cold transmission: oil temperature 105° F (40° C). This is a normal temperature for the transmission after idling for about 10 minutes. At oil temperatures below 105° F (40° C), the level may be below the MIN mark.
B Warm transmission: oil temperature 169° F (80° C). This temperature after driving for about 30 minutes. At oil temperatures above 190° F (90° C), the level may be above the MAX mark.

Fluid type: ATF Dexron IIE/III and Mercon.

WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire risk.

pg. 128 Drive belt, Air pump system

A - crankshaft, B - A/C compressor,
C - generator, D - power steering pump

Belt check

Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. A worn or dirty belt can cause poor cooling and low generator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air conditioning unit.

NOTE : The belt on the S/V 70 is equipped with a self-tensioning mechanism and requires no adjustment between changes.

WARNING! The engine must not be running when this check is performed.

Air pump system (certain models)

When the engine is being started from cold, an electrical air pump which draws air to the exhaust system is activated. This starts an afterburning process which leads to reduced hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide (HC and CO) emissions and reduces the warm-up period for the catalytic converter.
The pump starts when the car has been started and is moving. It continues to work until the catalytic converter has reached normal working temperature, although it can also start when the engine is idling. If the air pump is running and the engine is switched off, the pump continues working in order to protect the pump motor.

NOTE: A soft whining noise can be heard from the pump, and when it performs a self-diagnosis, the high/low beam and the instrument lighting will flash briefly. This is completely normal.

pg. 129 Windshield washer nozzles, Washer fluid reservoir

Adjusting washer nozzles

The washer jets should spray the windshield as shown in the illustration. Use the edge of a small screwdriver to adjust the nozzles if necessary.
Please use caution to avoid damaging the paintwork.

Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 3.2 US qts. (3.0 liters).
During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing anti-freeze.

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