pg. 120 Servicing


Rolling road (spin) test (models with AWD and viscous coupling)


When checking brakes using a rolling road (spin) test, or when balancing the wheels directly on the car, the other wheels must be free to roll, see illustration. This ensures that the viscous coupling is not damaged. The drive power is transferred automatically by the viscous coupling to the car's other drive wheels. If you are unsure, consult your nearest Volvo retailer.



Hoisting the car


If a garage jack is used to lift the car, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are specially reinforced to bear the weight of the car. A garage jack can also be placed under the front of the engine support frame and under the reinforced plate in the spare wheel well. Take care not to damage the splash guard under the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the car cannot slide off it. Always use axle stands or similar structures.
If a two-post hoist is used to lift the car, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail. The position of these plates is marked with arrows molded into the bottom of the sill rail.


CAUTION: Certain models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front spoiler. Please observe caution when driving the car onto a garage hoist.

pg. 121 Servicing (cont.)

WARNING! The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:

  • Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.
  • Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result in unintended movements and body injury.


  • Torque exhaust and intake manifold nuts


    A loose manifold could alter air/fuel ratio and cause an increase in emission and/or poor driveability.


    Air cleaner


    Replace the air cleaner cartridge with a new one every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.


    Vacuum fittings, hoses and connections


    Unstable idle, misfiring, or poor emission control is often caused by leaking vacuum hoses or connections. Check all vacuum hoses and connections.


    Idle air control system


    Your Volvo is equipped with an electronically controlled idle air control system that requires no checking or adjustment.


    Timing belt


    For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, Volvo recommends that the timing belt be replaced every 70,000 miles (112,000 km). Engine damage will occur if the belt fails.


    Fuel system cap, tank and lines and connections


    The effectiveness of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons is dependent largely on a leak-free system. Check for proper sealing of the gasoline filler cap which contains "O" ring type seals.


    Fuel (line) filter


    The fuel line filter is located next to the fuel pump. For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, the fuel line filter should be replaced at 100,000 miles (160,000 km). The filter is replaced as one complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank (or if there is reason to suspect that this has occurred).


    PCV system


    The orifice nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner should be inspected every 60,000 miles (96,000 km). Check/replace rubber hoses at the same time.


    Charge air cooler (Intercooler)


    Turbo-charged engines employs a turbo-compressor to force air into the engine inlet manifold and a charge air cooler to cool the compressed inlet air. The resulting increase in air flow raises pressure in the intake manifold by approx. 8.7 psi (over atmospheric pressure) and engine power output by approx. 50 horsepower over that developed by the normally-aspirated engine. The charge air cooler (which resembles a radiator) is located between the turbo-compressor and inlet manifold.


    Air cabin filter


    Replace the air cabin filter with a new one every 20,000 miles (32,000 km). The filter should be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and therefore should always be replaced with a new one.

    pg. 122 Servicing (cont.)

    Fuel System


    The fuel system is all-electronic and is microprocessor-controlled. It can continually compensate for variation in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power. A mass air flow sensor measures the inducted air. In thisway the system can make instantaneous adjustments for changes in air temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest possible exhaust emissions.


    Heated oxygen sensor


    This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The heated oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas analysis is fed into an electronic module. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum conditions for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by a three-way catalytic converter.


    Secondary Air Injection (certain models)


    This system adds air to the hot exhaust gases as they are expelled from the engine. This causes a secondary combustion of residual hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, resulting in lower emissions levels in the exhaust gases.



    Crankcase ventilation


    The engine is provided with positive crankcase ventilation which prevents crankcase gases from being released into the atmosphere. Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and cylinders.


    Evaporative control system


    The car is equipped with a gas evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from being released into the atmosphere. The system is comprised of an expansion chamber in the fuel tank, a roll-over valve, a charcoal canister, vapor vent lines, an EVAP valve and on certain models, a Fill Limit Vent Valve (FLVV). The gasoline vapor is channeled through the rollover valve and the FLVV (if applicable) via the vent lines into the charcoal canister, where it is stored. When the engine is started, the gasoline vapor is drawn from the charcoal canister to the engine's air intake system and into the combustion process.



    Evaporative control system
    A - inlet manifold, B - EVAP valve,
    C - charcoal canister, D - roll over
    valve, E - FLVV


    NOTE:

  • Overfilling the gas tank can cause damage to the evaporative control system.
  • If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault.

    pg. 123 Lubrication


    No. Lubrication point lubricant No. Lubrication point lubricant
    1 Hood lock and latch Oil 6 Window winder (on inside of door) Oil, grease, low temperature grease
    2 Door stop and hinges Oil 7 Front seat slide rail and latch Oil
    3 Sun roof wind deflector (visible when sunroof is open) Oil
    Low temperature grease
    8 Door locks Volvo teflon lock spray
    4 Door lock catch plate Oil 9 Power antenna (sedans only) WD 40 or similar
    5 Trunk/tailgate lid lock Low temperature grease

    To avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the body should be lubricated at regular service intervals. This should be done by an authorized Volvo retailer.

    pg. 124 Engine oil

    Checking the oil level


    The oil level should be checked every time the car is refuelled. This is especially important during the engine break-in period (up to the first service).


    CAUTION : Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil becomes too low.


    Park the car on a level surface and wait for at least 3 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engineand over-filling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liters)*. The oil should preferably be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.


    Approx. 1.6 US qts. (1.5 liters) *


    NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.


    Draining the oil


    Drain the oil after driving while it is still warm.


    WARNING! The oil may be very hot.


    If you change the engine oil and filter yourself, your Volvo retailer can assist you in disposing of the used oil. Engine oil can be harmful to your skin - gloves should worn when performing this work.


    To add or change oil


    Add oil of the same kind as already used.
    Capacity (including filter): 6.1 US qts (5.8 liters).*
    The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change


    * Turbo-charged models: Add 0.95 qts (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.



    A - Drain plug, B - Oil filter, C - Oil dipstick, D - Oil filler cap


    WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire risk.

    pg. 125 Engine oil (cont.)

    Oil quality


    Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II


    For best fuel economy and engine protection consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oils with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.


    Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):



    Do not use oils with other viscosity ratings. The use of incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life.
    Volvo recommends the use of energy-conserving oils. Look for the API label. Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for: Driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer overlong distances or for a prolonged driving in mountainous areas.
    Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.


    NOTE: SAE 15W-40 is should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a better alternative in such conditions.
    SAE 15W-40 should not be used under normal operating conditions.


    Changing oil and oil filter


    Oil and oil filter changes should be made as specified in the following table:


    If driving conditions include: Then the correct oil/oil filter change interval is:
  • Extended periods of idling and/or low-speed operation
  • Frequent short trips less than 7 miles 11 km
  • Extended periods of driving in dusty and/or sandy areas
  • Trailer towing
  • Driving in mountainous areas
  • EVERY
    5,000 miles= 8,000 km
    OR EVERY 6 MONTHS,
    WHICHEVER COMES FIRST
  • Primarily highway driving
  • Frequent trips of longer than 7 miles = 11 km
  • EVERY
    10,000 miles = 16,000 km
    5,000 miles= 8,000 km *
    OR EVERY 12 MONTHS,
    WHICH EVER COMES FIRST

    * Turbo-charged models





    American Petroleum Institute (API) labels. These labels certify the oil conforms to the applicable standards and specifications of the API.



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