Chapter 7 - Car care

pg. 109 Car care

Car care

Car care includes not only maintaining the appearance of the car, but also protecting the car exterior from the effects of air pollution, rain, mud or road salt. The paintwork should also be touched up immediately, if damaged, to preventrust formation.

Page No.Subject
pg. 110-111 Paint touch-up
pg. 112 Washing
pg. 113 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing
pg. 114 Cleaning the upholstery

pg. 110 Paint touch-up

Paint touch-up

Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly - when washing the car for instance. Touch up if necessary.

Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.

Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.

NOTE: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo retailer, use the paint code indicated on the model plate. The plate is located in the engine compartment, on the inside of the left front fender.

Minor stone chips and scratches

Primer - can
Paint - touch-up bottle
Masking tape

NOTE: When touching up the car, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above 60° F (15° C).

Scars on the surface

If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and undamaged layer of paint remains, the touch-up paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned.

pg. 111 Paint touch-up (cont.)

Deep scars

1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of paint adhere to it.
2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.
When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.
3 If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off.

pg. 112 Washing

Washing the car

  • The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage.

    NOTE: It is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime to prevent corrosion, when salt has been used on the roads.

  • When washing the car, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.
  • Bird droppings: Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.
  • A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.
  • A water-soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a washplace equipped with a drainage separator.
  • Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels.
  • The power radio antenna (sedans) must be dried after washing.
  • Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car has been washed.
  • A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent cleaning improves visibility considerably.
  • Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings fenders, etc.).
  • In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.

    CAUTION: During high pressure washing the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle than 13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.

  • When washing or steam cleaning the engine, avoid spraying water or steam directly on the electrical components or toward the rear side of the engine.
  • After cleaning the engine, the spark plug wells should be inspected for water and blown dry if necessary.

    Suitable detergents

    Special car washing detergents or liquid dishwashing detergent can be used. A suitable mixture is about 2.5 fl. oz. (8.5 cl) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. (10 liters) of warm water. After washing with a detergent the car should be well rinsed with clean water.


  • When the car is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brake several times in order to remove any moisture from the brake linings.
  • Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk.

  • NOTE: When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills. Bumpers: Wash the bumpers with the same cleaning agent used on the rest of the car. Never clean the bumpers with gasoline or paint thinner. Difficultspots can be removed with denatured alcohol. To avoid scratches, do not dry the bumpers with paper.

    * Pay special attention to the drain holes near the base of the windshield in the cowl under the rear edge of the hood.

    pg. 113 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing

    Automatic washing - simple and quick

    An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but it is worth remembering that it may not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the car with sponge and water. Keeping the underbody clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have facilities for washing the underbody.

    Before driving into an automatic wash, make sure that the side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc., are secure, otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them. You should also lower the antenna (sedans).

    We do NOT recommend washing your car in an automatic wash during the first six months (because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).

    Polishing and waxing

    Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be beneficial.

    Before applying polish or wax the car must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.

    After polishing use liquid or paste wax.

    Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.

    Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing of a dull surface.

    A wide range of polymer-based car waxes can be purchased today. The waxes are easy to use and produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading.

    pg. 114 Cleaning the upholstery

    Cleaning the upholstery

    The fabric can be cleaned with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a clothing/clothing fabric stain remover.

    The plastic in the upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.

    Leather upholstery/suede-like upholstery (alcantera) can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution. For more different spots, Volvo offers a leather care kit.

    On no account must gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather since these can cause damage.

    Cleaning the seat belts

    Clean only with lukewarm water and mild soap solution.

    Cleaning floor mats

    The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.

    Bear in mind

  • Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.
  • Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.
  • Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.

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