The risk for engine overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:
towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.
stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).
To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed:
Do not drive for prolonged periods at engine speeds above 4500 rpm if you are towing a
trailer in hilly terrain,
Reduce speed and downshift when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of
overheating can be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time.
Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods.
Do not mount auxiliary lamps in front of the grill.
When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating (the temperature gauge goes repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section), the following precautions should be taken:
Switch off the air conditioning system.
Stop the car and put the gear lever into neutral. Do not stop the engine!
Switch the heater to full (maximum) position. Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000
rpm (twice idling speed) until the temperature begins to drop.
Do not remove coolant expansion tank cap. The coolant will be extremely hot.
See "Coolant" to check and top-up the coolant level if necessary.
Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.) Damage to engine could result if excess water is ingested through the air intake system.
Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm). See flood warning on page 7.
Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open! Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid or tailgate.
If the trunk lid/tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:
- Close the windows.
- Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower control to its highest setting.
When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following should be observed:
A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the diodes. Before connections are made, check the polarity of the battery with a voltmeter.
If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the diode being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.
Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the engine is running, as this will immediately ruin the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are properly tightened.
If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable) and all the connecting cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near the welding points as possible.
The radio must be turned off before the battery is disconnected.
The anti-theft code must be re-entered before the radio will function properly.
The electrical system in your car is designed to accomodate Volvo accessories. It also has an accessory connector located beneath the dashboard on the driver's side.
Weight distribution affects handling
At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheelskid. Remember that these properties can alter with the vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk (max. 220 lbs, 100 kg), the less the tendency to understeer.
Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.
Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.
It is recommended that tire of the same make and dimensions be used on all four wheels (including the use of snow tires). Do not use bias ply tires as this will adversely alter vehicle handling characteristics.
Holes for roof rack
Roof racks are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:
Avoid single-point loads. Distribute the load evenly.
Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.
Observe that the center of gravity and handling are influenced by load weight.
Increasing load size increases wind resistance and thus adversely affects fuel economy.
Anchor the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.
Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.
Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg) when Volvo approved removable roof racks are attached to the points indicated in the illustration. For permanent roof racks, check the manufacturer's weight specifications.
Wagons equipped with roof rails (certain models):
The cross bars designed for use with roof rails are slightly curved. The curve should be toward the front of the car when the cross bars are used (see illustration). The cross bars can be installed/removed by loosening/tightening the screws onthe clamps at each end of the bar forward until it can be lifted on/off the rail. If the cross bars are left on the car for extended periods but are not being used, slide them to the rear-most attachment points to help minimize wind noise.
An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be used at one time.
Precautionary steps to observe when the car is in tow
Steering must be unlocked.
Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.
Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is inoperative. Brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.
Automatic transmissions only:
Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil".
Maximum speed: 20 mph (30 km/h).
Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).
If the battery is dead, it is not possible to release the gear selector by pressing the brake pedal. Release the gear selector manually, by pressing the OVERRIDE button near the base of the gear selector.
The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling another vehicle out of a ditch or any similar purpose involving severe strain.
Do not attempt to start the car by pushing or pulling it as damage to the three-way catalytic converter can result.
All Wheel Drive cars must not be towed with only one of the axles raised.
Only use flat bed equipment *
Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
* If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the car.
The car should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground, if at all possible.
If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information on the previous page.
Do not use the towing eyelets on the car to pull the car up on to a flat bed tow truck.
Towing cars with All Wheel Drive (AWD)
Cars equipped with All Wheel Drive must not be towed or transported with only one of the axles raised. Towing or transporting the car incorrectly will damage the viscous coupling which distributes power between the front and rear drive wheels.
If the 12-volt booster battery to be used is in another car, check that the cars are not touching to prevent premature completion of a negative circuit. Note the position of the battery terminals and using jumper cables:
First connect the booster battery positive (+) terminal (1) to car battery positive (+) terminal (2).
Then connect booster battery negative (-) terminal (3) to a stationary solid metal part on the engine at a point away from the battery (4).
Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.
After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the positive (+) terminal jumper cable.
Improper hook-up of jumper cables or use of other than 12-volt batteries could result in damage to equipment and/or the battery.
To reduce the possibility of explosion, never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
Do not smoke near the battery.
Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow the battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical help immediately if eyes are affected.
Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.
Refer to page 132 for information on properly maintaining the battery.
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