pg. 69 Starting the engine

Starting and stopping


1. Fasten the seat belt.


WARNING! Before starting, check that the seat and steering wheel are adjusted properly. Make sure the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary. Refer to section "front seats".


2. Apply the parking brake, if not already set. The gear selector (automatic transmission) is locked in the (P)ark position (SHIFT LOCK).
3. Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for 5 seconds (turbo: 10 seconds). Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 3.
For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts.
4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position (automatic transmission), the ignition key must be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed. See page 108 for instructions on manually overriding the SHIFTLOCK system.
Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast enough to prevent engine damage.


NOTE: (Automatic transmission only) Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system. When the engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the ( P )ark position before the starting key can be removed from the ignition switch.


5. Select desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay (automatic transmission) which is especially noticeable when selecting R.


CAUTION: (Automatic transmission only) The engine should be idling; never accelerate until after you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.


NOTE: Selecting P or N (automatic transmission) when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent overheating of transmission oil.


WARNING! Always place the gear selector (automatic transmission) in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave car unattended with the engine running.
Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.


CAUTION:
Never race the engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricated points fast enough to prevent engine damage.
Do not race the engine just prior to switching off!


Hydraulic valve lifters


This engine features hydraulic valve lifters which means that valve clearance is adjusted automatically. It is possible that the valve lifters will produce a ticking sound for the first few seconds after the engine is started, while the oil pressure is increasing.
If the car has not been used for a long period of time, this ticking sound may last for up to 15 minutes. This is entirely normal.
Do not exceed 3000 rpm until the ticking sound disappears.

pg. 70 Manual transmission, Automatic transmission


Shift positions


Depress the clutch pedal completely when changing gears.
Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving.
Overdrive (5th gear) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. This gear can be engaged at speeds above approx. 50 mph (80 km/h).


CAUTION: Follow the shift pattern indicated on the gear shift knob when shifting up (e.g. do not shift directly from 2nd to 5th gear) to help avoid excessive wear on the transmission.



Engaging reverse gear


The gear lever must first be moved to neutral in order to engage reverse gear.


CAUTION: Be careful that you do not inadvertently engage reverse while moving forward.



Automatic transmission -
shift gate positions


The gear selector can be moved freely between N and D. Selections of other positions are obtained by depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.
Slightly depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions R, N, D, 3 and L. Fully depressing the selector knob allows selection of position P. This is also necessary when initially bringing the selector out of position P. Fully depressing the selector knob permits shifting freely between all positions.

pg. 71 Automatic transmission


P (Park)


Use this position when starting the engine or parking the car.
Never use P while car is in motion.
The parking brake should also be used when parking on grades.
The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFT LOCK).
To release the selector, start the engine and depress the brake pedal. If it is necessary to manually release the gear selector, see page 108 for instructions.


WARNING! Never leave the car when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved from P, the car may start moving.


R (Reverse)


Never engage R while is moving forward.


N (Neutral)


Neutral = no gear engaged. Use the parking brake. The engine can be started with the gear selector in this position.


D (Drive)


D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. When modes E or S are selected, upshift and downshift of the forward gears occur automatically and are governed by accelerator pedal position and vehicle speed.


3 (Intermediate position)


The indicator lamp in the instrument panel and the lamp in the W mode selector light up when this gear is selected. Automatically shifts up and down between 1st, 2nd, and 3rd gears when in driving modes E or S. There is no upshift from 3rd gear. Position 3 can be used for driving in hilly terrain, for towing trailers or for increased engine braking power.


L (Low position)


The indicator lamp in the instrument panel and the lamp in the W mode selector light up when this gear is selected. No upshift can occur when L is engaged. Select position L for driving in first and second gears. Use this position to select low gear with no upshift, e.g. when ascending and descending steep grades. The transmission will noticeably shift down from second to first if road speed drops to below 40 km/h (25 mph) when driving in E Mode and below 10 km/h (6 mph) in S Mode.


Kick-down


Automatic shift to a lower gear (kick-down) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An upshift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the accelerator pedal slightly. Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.


"Lock-up"


The transmission has a "lock-up" function which reduces engine speed and saves fuel. "Lock-up" can sometimes be felt as an additional gear change.

pg. 72 Automatic transmission (cont.)


Driving mode selector


The buttons at the base of the gear lever allow you to select driving modes E, S, or W. A new mode can be selected at any time, including while the car is moving.


W Winter/Wet mode
Enhanced Vehicle Traction
This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.

  • In position D*, the gearbox starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear.
  • In position 3*, 2nd gear is locked and there is no change up to 3rd gear.
  • In position L, 1st gear is locked.


    The indicator lamp in the instrument panel lights up when this mode is selected (the lamp will also light up if the gear selector is in position 3 or L). Press W to disengage this mode.
    When this mode is disengaged or if the ignition is switched off**, the gearbox automatically reverts to the previously selected mode. If the indicator lamp begins to flash, this is an indication of a fault in the automatic gearbox. The Malfunction Indicator lamp will also light up if a fault is detected. If the transmission does not shift properly, place the gear selector in position L. Please contact your Volvo retailer if this occurs.


    CAUTION: Driveability and fuel economy will be adversely affected by prolonged driving in Winter/Wet mode . Volvo recommends using this mode only when starting in extremely slippery conditions.


    E Economy Mode


    This mode is used for normal driving. The gearbox changes gears at a lower engine speed to achieve the best possible fuel consumption.


    S Sport Mode


    This mode is adapted to "sporty" driving characteristics. The transmission upshifts at higher engine speeds and less accelerator pedal pressure is required to initiate a downshift.


    CAUTION:

  • Never select P or R while the car is in motion.
  • When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake pedal to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.
  • The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h). ***


  • * These positions always offer the kick-down function.
    ** If the ignition is switched on again within several minutes, mode W will remain engaged.
    *** Always observe posted speed limits.

    pg. 73 Automatic transmission, All Wheel Drive (AWD) (certain models)

    Special tips - automatic transmission


  • For driving down steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position L should be selected. Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil. For driving on long continuous uphill gradients, select position 3.


  • Never select P or R while the car is in motion.


  • When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake pedal to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.


  • The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h). Always observe posted speed limits.


  • Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, apply the hand brake (parking brake). This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.


  • When towing a trailer, select shift position 3.


  • The (E)conomy mode should be selected when the cruise control is engaged.


  • While towing a trailer in hilly terrain, do not drive continuously at engine speeds above 4500 rpm to help avoid high engine oil temperatures.


  • On certain models during cold starts, the transmission will shift up at higher rpm to enable the three-way catalytic converter to reach its normal operating temperature as quickly as possible.


    All Wheel Drive (AWD)
    (certain models)


    The All Wheel Drive system in your Volvo is designed to meet rigorous technical requirements. Used correctly, AWD better enables you to deal with varying road conditions than would be possible on a car equipped with conventional front or rear wheel drive only.
    Please note that the AWD system is permanently engaged.


    How your All Wheel Drive
    (AWD) system works


    All Wheel Drive means that all four wheels on your vehicle are powered at the same time. The power is distributed automatically between the front and rear wheels. A viscous coupling distributes the power between the pair of wheels with the besttraction in the current road conditions. This improves roadholding and helps avoid wheel-spin.


    In normal conditions, the majority of the power is distributed to the front wheels. The front wheels are equipped with Volvo's anti-spin system TRACS, which is integrated with the car's ABS brake system. Power to the rear wheels is regulated by a differential lock if one of these wheels should lose traction when you start to drive off. The improved traction helps increase driving safety in the rain, snow and freezing road conditions.


    A freewheel module disconnects the power to the rear wheels when the brakes are applied in order to give the car good braking stability.


    WARNING! Cars equipped with All Wheel Drive are not designed or intended for off-road driving.




    Previous Page  Next Page

    Contents | Top of Page