pg. 9:1 Specifications


This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.

9:2 Oil/Fluids specifications
9:3 Engine specifications
9:4 Cooling/fuel distributor ignition systems
9:4 Front/rear suspensions
9:5 Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle loading
9:6 Electrical system/bulbs
9:7 Dimensions and weights
9:8 Service manuals, Road assistance

pg. 9:2 Oil/Fluids Specifications

Oil quality

Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II
For best fuel economy and engine protection, consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for recommended oils. Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection. Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended. Volvo recommends the use of fuel economy improving oils. Look for the API label.
Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for: Driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.
Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Engine oil

Quality: Meeting API specification SG or SH

Capacity (incl. filter): 850 (5-cyl. engine) 5.6 US qts./5.3 liters (certain models: 6.1 US qts./5.8 liters)
850 Turbo - 5.6 US qts. (5.3 liters)*

Automatic transmission fluid

Quality: ATF Dexron IIE/ III and Mercon

Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)

Manual transmission fluid

Quality: Volvo synthetic gearbox oil 1161423

Capacity: 2.2 US qts (2.1 liters)

Power steering fluid

Quality: ATF

Capacity: 0.85 US qts. (0.8 liters)

Brake fluid

Quality: DOT 4+

Capacity: 0.64 US qts. (0.6 liters)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

* Add 0.95 qts. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained Capacity: 8 US qts (7.6 liters)

pg. 9:3 Specifications


Liquid-cooled gasoline, 5-cylinder, in-line engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron cylinder liners cast directly into block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts and separate intake and outlet channels.
Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection, heated oxygen sensor(s) and three-way catalytic converter


Volvo B 5252 S

Volvo B 5234
850 R Turbo

Volvo B 5254 S

Volvo B 5234 T


142 hp at 5400 rpm (106 kw/90 rps)

222 hp at 5280 rpm* (166 km/88 rps)*

168 hp at 6200 rpm (125 kw 103 rps)

222 hp at 5280 rpm (166 km/88 rps)

Max torque

152 lbs. at 3600 rpm (206 Nm/60 rps)

221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5280 rpm (300 Nm/33-88 rps)*

162.3 ft. lbs. at 4700 rpm (220 Nm/55 rps)

221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5280 rpm (300 Nm/33-88 rps)

Number of cylinders






3.27" (83 mm)

3.19" (81 mm)

3.27" (83 mm)

3.19" (81 mm)


3.54" (90 mm)

3.54" (90 mm)

3.54" (90 mm)

3.54" (90 mm)


2.4 liters

2.3 liters

2.4 liters

2.3 liters

Compression ratio





Number of valves





Valve clearance





* The 850 R turbo engine generates increased power on cars equipped with an automatic transmission for 30 seconds:

237 hp at 5600 rpm (177 Kw at 94 rps)
221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5600 rpm (300 Nm at 33-94 rps)

The output power on cars with a manual transmission is:
247 hp at 5400 rpm (184 Kw at 90 rps)
258 ft. lbs. at 2400-5000 rpm (350 Nm at 40-83 rps)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 9:4 Specifications

Cooling system

Type: Positive pressure, closed system
Thermostat begins to open at 186°F (90°C)
Turbo 180° F (87° C)
Coolant: Volvo original coolant/anti-freeze
Capacity: 7.6 US qts. (7.2 liters)
Turbo - 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)

Fuel system

The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system

Distributor ignition system

Firing order 1-2-4-5-3
Distributor ignition setting Not adjustable
Spark plugs Bosch FR 6 DC (or equivalent)
Turbo: Champion RC7GYC (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap 0.028" (0.7 mm)
Tightening torque 18.4 ft. lbs. +/- 3.7 ft. lbs. (25 Nm +/- 5 Nm)

Front suspension

Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arm linked to the support frame. Power-assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.

Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.4 mm +/- 0.7 mm
Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.9 +/- 0.9 mm

Rear Suspension

Delta-link individual rear-wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods.

Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 4° +/- 10°

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 9:5 Specifications (cont.)

Power transmission

Manual transmission: M 56 H
Single-disc dry plate clutch. All-synchromesh on all gears including reverse; integrated final drive. Operation via a floor mounted gear lever.

Final drive ratio 4.00:1
Reduction ratios
1st gear 3.07:1
2nd gear 1.77:1
3rd gear 1.19:1
4th gear 0.87:1
5th gear 0.70:1
Reverse 2.99:1

Automatic transmission: AW 50-42 LE
4-speed automatic electronically controlled gearbox comprising a hydraulic torque converter with a lock-up function; planetary gear, integrated final drive.
Operation via a floor mounted gear selector lever. Drive shafts with symmetrical joint location.

Final drive ratio 2.74:1 (Turbo: 2.54:1)
Reduction ratios
1st gear 3.61:1
2nd gear 2.06:1
3rd gear 1.37:1
4th gear 0.98:1
Reverse 3.95:1


Fuel tank 19.3 US gals (73 liters)
Cooling System 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)
Engine oil (incl. filter) 5.6 US qts. (5.3 liters)*
Automatic transmission 2 US gals (7.6 liters)
Manual transmission 2.2 US qts. (2.1 liters)
Power steering fluid 0.8 US qts. (0.8 liter)
Washer fluid reservoir 3.2 US qts. (3.0 liters)
Brake/clutch system 0.6 US qts (0.6 liters)

* Certain models: 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)
Turbo: Add 0.95 US qt. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.

Vehicle Loading

The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. The label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

WARNING! Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control prior warning.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

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