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VOLVO
780

Specifications

pg. 108 Specifications

Specifications

Dimensions and weights 108
Engine specifications 109
Oil specifications 110
Electrical system specifications 111
Capacities 113

Dimensions and weights
Length188.6"479 cm
Width68.9"175 cm
Height55.1"140 cm
Wheelbase109"277 cm
Track:
-front57.9"147 cm
-rear59.8"152 cm
Turning circle, between curbs32.5 ft9.9 m
Trunk capacity14.3 cu. ft.0.406 m
Gross Vehicle Weight (GvW)4295 lbs.1950 kg
Capacity weight*890 lbs.405 kg
Permissible axle weight, front: 2150 lbs.975 kg
Permissible axle weight, rear:2200 lbs.1000 kg
Max. roof load220 lbs.100 kg
Max. trailer weight1982 lbs.908 kg
Curb weight**3415 lbs.1549 kg

* The maximum permissible axle loads must not be exceeded

** 780 Turbo 3439 lbs. (1702 kg)

WARNING!
When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.

Consult your Volvo dealer for information.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 109 Specifications

Engine (780)
Liquid cooled, gasoline, 6-cylinder V-engine with 90° angle. Aluminum cylinder block with cast-iron, replaceable wet liners. Aluminum-alloy cylinder head has separate inlet and exhaust passages. Single, overhead camshafts.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel Injection, Lambda-sond system and catalytic converter.
Closed crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.
Type designationVolvo B280F
Output (SAEJ 1349)145 hp at 5100 rpm
(108 kW at 85 rps)
Max. torque (SAEJ 1349)173 ft. lbs. (235 Nm) at 3750 rpm
Number of cylinders6
Bore3.58"(91 mm)
Stroke2.87" (73 mm)
Displacement2.85 liters
Compression ratio9.5:1
Valve clearance cold engine
inlet0.004 0.06"
(0.10-0.15 mm)
exhaust(0.25-0.30 mm)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Engine (780 Turbo)
Liquid-cooled, gasoline, 4-cylinder in-line engine. Cast-iron cylinder block with cylinders bored directly in block. Aluminum-alloy cylinder head with single overhead camshaft and separate intake and output channels. Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injections. Lambda-sond system and catalytic converter.
Exhaust-gas-driven turbo-compressor with intercooler.
Electronic wastegate-control optimization.

Type designationVolvo B280F-Turbo
Output (SAEJ 1349)175 hp at 5400 rpm
(130 kW at 88 rps)
Max. torque (SAEJ 1349)187 ft. lbs. (253 Nm) at 2900 rpm
Number of cylinders4
Bore3.78"(96 mm)
Stroke3.15" (80 mm)
Displacement2.32 liters
Compression ratio8.7:1
Valve clearance cold engineChecking:Adjusting:
inlet0.014-0.018"
(0.35-0.45 mm)
0.016-0.018"
(0.40-0.45 mm)
exhaust0.014-0.018"
(0.35-0.45 mm)
0.016-0.018"
(0.40-0.45 mm)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 110 Specifications

Engine oil
Quality: According to API SF.
Oils with designation SF/CC and SF/CD comply with these demands. Synthetic or semi-synthetic oils may be used if their specifications comply with the above.
Volvo recommends the use of fuel-economy-improving oils. When using these oils, the Volvo recommended oil change intervals must be followed.

Volvo does not recommend oil additives as they can adversely affect the engine.
Capacity:(incl. oil filter)
780 GLE: 6.3 US qts. (6.0 liters)
780 Turbo: 4.0 US qts. (3.85 liters)
4.7 US qts. (4.45 liters) if oil cooler is drained.

SAE 15 W/40 oil is recommended for use in severe driving conditions which involve high oil temperatures or excessive oil consumption (e.g. mountain driving with frequent deceleration, or high-speed driving.)

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)

Automatic Transmission fluidQuality: ATF Dexron IID Capacity: 7.9 qts. (7.5 liters)
Rear axle oilQuality: API-GL-5(MIL-L-2105 B or C) SAE 90 Capacity: 1.7 qts. (1.6 liters)
Power steering fluidQuality: ATF Capacity: 780 Turbo: 1.05 US qts. (1.0 liters)
780 GLE: 0.7 US qt.( 0.7 liter )
Brake fluidBrake fluid type: DOT 4 Capacity: 0.63 US qt. (0.6 liter)

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

pg. 111 Specifications

Electrical system
12 V, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled alternator. Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
Voltage12V
Battery, type Maintenance free
Capacity500A/110 min
Electrolyte, specific gravity1.28
Recharge at1.23
Alternator, rated output1400 W
max. current 100 A

The following bulbs may be obtained from your nearest Volvo dealer

Lights. 12 V US Bulb No. Power Socket
Headlights 9004/HB1 Halogen
45/65 W
Semi-sealed
Parking lights, front 4 W Ba 9 s
Turn signals, front 1157 21/5W/24/3 cp Bay 15 d
Turn signals, rear 1156 21 W/32 cp BA 15 s
Tail lights 67 5 W/4 cp BA 15 s
Brake light 1156 21/W32 cp BAY 15 s
High-mounted brake light 20 W Ba 9 s
Back-up lights 1156 21 W/32 cp BA 15 s
Rear fog lights 1156 21 W/32 cp BA 15 s
Fog lights 55 W H3
License plate light 5 W BA 9 s
Door warning lights 3 W W 2.1 x 9.5d
Interior light 10 W SV 8.5
Reading lights 5 W W 2.1 x 9.5d
Engine compartment light 10 W SV 8.5
Trunk light 10 W SV 8.5
Glove box light 2 W BA 9 s
Instrument lighting 3 W W 2.1 x 9.5d
Lighting, control panel 1.2 W W2x4.6d
A/T selector 1.2 W W2x4.6d
Ashtray, rear 1.2 W W2x4.6d
Warning lights/Indicator lights 1.2 W Volvo P/N 966326

pg. 112 Specifications

POWER TRANSMISSION
Automatic transmission AW71
Reduction ratios:
1st gear2.45:1
2nd gear1.45:1
3rd gear1:1
Overdrive0.69:1
Reverse2.21:1
Rear axle:
Reduction ratio3.73:1

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Front suspension
McPherson-type spring and strut suspension. Shock absorbers housed in strut casing. Rack-and-pinion steering.
Safety-type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an absorbers housed in strut casing. Rack-and-pinion steering.
Safety-type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car. but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.
Toe-in, measured on the wheel rim: 3/32" +/- l/64"(2.5+/- 0.5 mm)
             tire sides: 1/8" +/-1/32"(3+/-0.8 mm)

Rear Suspension
Sedans: Multi-link rear wheel suspension consisting of four elements per side: a trailing support arm with coil spring and load leveling shock absorber, an upper L-shaped link, a lower transverse link, and an angled rear track rod to control wheel toe-in.
Toe-in, measured at the wheel rim: 0.016" +/- 0.024" (0.4 +/- 0.6 mm)
             tire sides: 0.02"+/-0.031"(0.5+/-0.8 mm)

pg. 113 Specifications

Vehicle Loading
The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the rear-facing edge of the right-front door. This label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

Sample Tire Pressure Label

WARNING!
Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control without prior warning.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Tool kit
Wheel nut wrench.
2 screwdrivers (1 Phillips, 1 standard)
Tommy bar.
2 open end Wrenches.

Capacities780780 Turbo
Fuel tank (approx.)21 US gal. (80 liters)21 US gal. (80 liters)
Cooling System10.6 US qts.(10 liters)10 US qts.(9.5 liters)
Engine at oil change6.3 US qts.(6.0 liters)4.0 US qts.*(3.85 liters)
Engine, excl. oil filter6.3 US qts.(6.0 liters)3.5 US qts.*(3.35 liters)
Automatic transmission (AW71)7.9 US qts. (7.5 liters)7.9 US qts. (7.5 liters)
Rear axle1.7 US qts.(1.6 liters)1.7 US qts.(1.6 liters)
Power steering gear1.05 US qts.(1.0 liter)0.7 US qts.(0.7 liter)

* if oil cooler is drained, add 0.7 US qts (0.6 liter)

pg. 114 Service manuals, Road Assistance

Service Manuals for your Volvo are available for purchase. These are the same manuals used by competent Volvo technicians.

Major sections within the Service Manual System include: 0-General Information: 1- Lubrication and Service: 2-Engine: 3-Electrical System: 4- Power Transmission: 5-Brakes: 6- Suspension and Steering: 7-Springs Shock Absorbers and Wheels: 8-Body and Interior.

A Service Manual Brochure/Order Form was placed in the car prior to delivery from the dealer to you. Complete ordering information is provided.
Please note that these manuals may be offered for sale by your Volvo dealer. Prices charged by the dealer can vary from those listed in the brochure (according to Federal law).

Additional copies of the Brochure/Order Form may be obtained from your Volvo dealer, or by mail directly from:
Volvo Cars of North America
One Volvo Drive
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647
Attention: Volvo Service Literature

Note that the above pertains to vehicles sold in the U.S.A. only.

All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the N.I.A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

Note that the above pertains to USA only.

Your new Volvo comes with a three year road assistance program named ON-CALL. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

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