1 9 8 9
|Instruments and controls|
|1 Air louver||23|
|2 Headlights, parking lights||17|
|3 Turn signals. Cruise Control (optional)||14-16|
|4 Hazard warning flashers||14|
|7 Air louvers||23|
|8 Heating and ventilation||23-25|
|9 Audio cassette/tuner||22|
|10 Cigarette lighter||20|
|11 Ash tray||20|
|12 Electrically-heated passenger seat||19|
|13 Parking brake||20|
|14 Hood release handle||39|
|15 Power door mirrors (GLE-16 Valve, Turbo)||28|
|16 Electrically operated windows||21|
|17 Rear fog lamps||18|
|18 Fog lights (optional, standard on Turbo)||18|
|19 Space for additional equipment||-|
|20 Space for additional equipment||-|
|21 Air louver||23|
|22 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock||13|
|23 Electrically operated sun roof||29|
|24 Rear window demister||19|
|26 Electrically-heated driver's seat||19|
The pages in this section provide a detailed description
of the vehicle's instruments and controls.
Note that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements, etc.
NOTE: Canadian model speedometers/odometers indicate kilometers only.
1 Voltmeter (Turbo models)
2 Fuel gauge
3 Clock reset knob
4 Quartz crystal clock
6 Trip odometer *
7 Trip odometer reset knob
10 Instrument panel lamps rheostat
11 Temperature gauge
12 Boost gauge (Turbo models)
* The last digit indicates 1/10 mile/kilometer. A black number on a white background = original speedometer. A red number on a white background = replacement speedometer.
Quartz crystal clock
To reset the hands, push in the reset knob and turn.
Reads thousands of engine rpm. Engine should not be operated in red range.
Used form measuring shorter distances. (last figure represents 1/10 mile or km)
Trip odometer reset knob
Push in to reset
The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension. Do not drive the car with the pointer in the red range. See sections "Coolant" and "Drive belts".
The fuel tank capacity is approx. 15.8 US gals (60 liters). The red range represents approx. 2.4 US gals. (9 liters). See "Refueling" for further information.
Instrument panel lamps rheostat
Clockwise = brighter.
Counterclockwise = dimmer.
(Turbo-engine cars only) The voltmeter indicates the voltage in the electrical system and thereby also the state of the battery. While the car is being driven the pointer should be within the black field. Should the pointer point to the upper or lower red field when driving, this may indicate some fault in the electrical system.
Boost pressure gauge
(Turbo-engine cars only) The boost pressure gauge is divided into sections.
Black section: The engine acts as a normally-aspirated engine. Best fuel economy is achieved while driving in this range. Yellow section: The turbo is providing boost pressure.
1 (Not in use)
2 (Not in use)
3 ABS-system, see p. 12
4 Service reminder light, see p. 12
5 SRS malfunction light
6 Low engine oil pressure
7 Alternator not charging
8 Overdrive (5th gear) engaged (Turbo with manual transmission)
9 High beams
10 Brake failure
11 Parking brake applied
12 Bulb failure
13 Low washer fluid level.
If the lamp glows continuously when the engine is running, there is only about 1/2 - 1 US qts. remaining in the washer fluid reservoir.
14 Shift indicator light
(manual transmission models) or 4th gear disengaged, automatic transmission
15 Fasten seat belts
16 Check engine, see p. 11
17 Turn signal, left
18 Turn signal, right
The warning lights described on this page should never stay on when driving
When the ignition key is turned on, and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.
Alternator warning light
If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the alternator drive belt as soon as possible.
NOTE: This warning light is illuminated if the alternator is not charging. However, parking brake, brake failure and bulb failure warning lights will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.
Check Engine warning light
If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the Engine Check diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection.
Oil pressure warning light
If the light comes on during driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. See section titled "Engine oil".
After hard driving, the light will come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.
Parking brake reminder light
This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats.
Brake failure warning light
If the light comes on while driving or braking, this indicates that the brake fluid level is too low.
Stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir (see section "Engine compartment" for reservoir position)!
If the fluid level is above the MIN mark, or is below the MIN mark in only one of the two parts of the reservoir, drive with caution to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection of the system.
Service reminder light
This light will come on at 5000 mile (8000 km) intervals. It is a reminder to the driver to have the engine oil and oil filter changed. The light will stay on 2 min. after start until reset by the servicing dealer.
Anti-lock Brake System ABS
ABS brakes are designed to prevent the brakes from locking under severe braking conditions. If the light comes on while driving, there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will still function), and the car should be driven to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection.
The system "senses" when the brakes begin to lock. regulates the brake pressure and thereby helps prevent the brakes from locking. When the system is activated, you may be aware of a slight vibration in the brake pedal. The switching sound of the control unit in the engine compartment may also be audible. This is quite normal.
Note that the ABS system does not increase the total braking capacity of your car. It does. however, enable you to steer and helps to retain better control of the vehicle.
Shift indicator light (Manual transmission cars only)
The Volvo shift indicator light (S.I.L.) is a device designed to help you get even better gas mileage from your Volvo car. Studies have shown that the best fuel economy is obtained by shifting gears at low engine rpm and high relative engine load. The Volvo S.I.L. is calibrated to show you when to shift for improved mileage without sacrificing smooth acceleration.
Use of the S.I.L. is simple. Shift to the next higher gear as soon as the light comes on. You may find after using the S.I.L. for some time that your natural shifting rhythm will adapt to the S.I.L's suggestion. Some drivers may even shift before the light comes on.
Obviously, there will be times when you need to shift later than the light would indicate, for example, when climbing hills or trailer towing. Using the light regularly, however, should result in a mileage improvement of six percent or more, depending on how you normally drive.
SRS Supplemental Restraint System
(optional on certain models)
If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started, the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection. (See section "SRS for further information.)
Programming instructions for
If the current supply to the control unit is cut (battery disconnected), the control unit will have to be re-programmed as the control unit memory will be erased.
Drive the car in each gear. First gear not necessary, for approximately 8 seconds.
The gear change indicator light will flicker once (0.5 seconds), as each gear is programmed.
NOTE: Remove the foot completely from the clutch pedal after each gear change when programming the control unit.
Bulb failure warning light
The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:
one of the low beam headlights
one of the tail lights
one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.
Check the fuse and bulb. See sections titled "Replacing bulbs" and "Fuses".
Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding bulb on the other side of the car should also be replaced.
Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.
A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and front door on the driver's side is opened.
1 Lane change position. In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the First stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.
2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns.
NOTE: Defective turn signal bulb will
cause turn signal indicator and remaining
signal lights to flash more rapidly than
3 High beam/low beam switch
Move the lever towards the steering wheel past the headlight flasher position and release it.
3 Headlight flasher (headlights off).
Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.
Hazard warning flasher
The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.
NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.
1 Intermittent wiper.
With switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second.
2 "Single sweep" position.
Switch returns automatically when released.
3 Wipers, low speed.
4 Wipers, high speed.
5 Windshield wiper/washer.
The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps after the lever is released.
Tailgate window wiper/washer
The tailgate window wiper/washer is operated by a switch at the end of the wiper lever.
1 The wiper operates continuously.
2 Intermittent position: the wiper strokes approximately every 10 seconds.
3 Tailgate washer.
After the button is released the wiper strokes 2-3 additional times before stopping.
The electrical circuit is protected by fuse 14, located in the central electrical unit. See the section entitled "Fuses".
Adjusting washer nozzles
The washer jets should spray the windshield as shown. Use the edge of a small screwdriver to adjust the nozzles, if necessary.
Washer fluid reservoir
The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 0.5 US gal. (2.0 liters) on sedan models and approx. 0.8 US gal (3.2 liters) on wagon models.
During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent.
(optional on certain models)
The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal switch lever.
To engage and set desired speed:
1. Set switch (1) to ON.
2. Accelerate to desired cruise speed.
NOTE: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35 km).
3. Depress SET SPEED switch (2).
Operating brake pedal or clutch pedal
This will automatically disengage the cruise control. Previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position that speed will be re-engaged.
Momentary acceleration, such as for passing. does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously selected speed will be maintained without having to set switch to RESUME.
To disengage the cruise control system:
Set switch (1) to position OFF, or depress brake pedal, or depress clutch pedal (where applicable). Switching off the starting (ignition) switch is will automatically disengage the cruise control system.
NOTE: When driving on a grade, actual vehicle speed may vary slightly from the set cruise control speed.
Headlights and position lights
All lights off
Parking lights on
Headlights and parking lights are on if starting (ignition) switch is in position I or II.
If the headlight switch is in position all lights will go out when starting switch is switched off.
With the headlight switch in position the parking lights will stay on. Switch from high to low beams, and vice versa, by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of the steering column towards the steering wheel.
Rear fog lights
The rear fog lights are considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be use only when atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft. (152 meters). The headlights must be switched on.
Note that local regulations governing the use of these lights may vary.
Auxiliary front fog lights
(optional on certain models)
Auxiliary front fog lights can be switched on only with the low-beam headlights on.
The power antenna switch can be used to retract the antenna when the audio system is turned on. This will permit operation of the cassette drive with the antenna in the down position.
CAUTION: Always lower the antenna when entering a garage or car wash to avoid antenna damage.
Rear window demister
To operate, depress the switch. The indicator lamp in the switch will come on. The system will be switched off automatically after 10-15 minutes or when the starting (ignition) key is switched off.
Heated front seats
The front seats are equipped with electrically-heated backrests and seat cushions. The heating is thermostatically-controlled and cuts out automatically. Use the switches to disengage the seat heating manually when the seat is not occupied.
Extra heating (certain models)
Switch on or off as required. When switched on. the seats are automatically heated and when the optimal temperature is reached, the heating automatically switches off.
The passenger seat will only be heated when it is occupied.
Parking brake (hand brake)
The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.
In order to obtain the best possible performance of the parking brake, the brake linings
should be broken in. See section titled "Brake system".
To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready for use.
The starting (ignition) switch must be switched on (to position I or II) for the cigarette lighter to function.
To remove the ash trays depress the center spring and remove.
(GLE, Turbo models)
The electrically operated windows are controlled by switches from the driver's armrest as shown in the above illustration. The starting (ignition) switch must be ON (position II) for the electrically operated windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the switch is pressed.
Cut-out switch for electrically-operated rear-door
If the car is equipped with rear door power windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the driver's door armrest. This switch is positioned 90° in relation to the other switches.
The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switch as well as the switch on the driver's door.
The rear door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the
respective door switch but instead only with the corresponding switch on the driver's door.
Controls and indicators
For complete operating instructions, maintenance guidelines, and specifications, please consult your Audio Cassette/Tuner Instruction Booklet. The Booklet also contains information on radio reception and the radio antenna.
FM signals are typically "line-of-sight" and very reflective. Their reflectivity to objects such as buildings, mountains or even other passing vehicles causes the condition known as multipath distortion. This distortion is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This condition will sound like hissing or static. Very little can be done to eliminate this problem, however, lowering the treble on your radio could help mask these disturbances thereby allowing you to achieve optimum pleasure from your audio system.
Heating and ventilation
Your Volvo is equipped with a heating system combined with air conditioning.
Depending on which function you select, warm of cool/cold air is distributed to the different parts of the passenger compartment. An additional driver's air louver is located beneath the steering column and can be adjusted upwards, downwards, or closed as desired.
Air louvers (dash)
C Directing air flow horizontally
D Directing air flow vertically
A certain amount of air will always enter through the dash air louvers as long as they are open, independently of the position of the air distribution control.
Close the dash air louvers to obtain maximum air flow to floor or windshield.
Heating and ventilation with air conditioning
Additional information and tips
Always keep the air inlet grill in front of the windshield clear of snow in winter.