1 9 8 4
VOLVO
DL, GL and Turbo



pg. 88 Specifications


Dimensions and weights 2 door models 4 door models Wagon models
(except Turbo)
Turbo wagon
Length 189.4" (481 cm) 189.4" (481 cm) 189.4" (481 cm) 189.4" (481 cm)
Width 67.3" (171 cm) 67.3" (171 cm) 67.3" (171 cm) 67.3" (171 cm)
Height, curb weight 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm) 57.5" (146 cm) 57.5" (146 cm)
Wheelbase 104.3" (265 cm) 104.3" (265 cm) 104.3" (265 cm) 104.3" (265 cm)
Ground clearance (full load) 4.7" (12 cm) 4.7" (12 cm) 4.7" (12 cm) 4.7" (12 cm)
Track, front 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm)
Track, rear 53.5" (136 cm) 53.5" (136 cm) 53.5" (136 cm) 53.5" (136 cm)
Turning circle (between curbs) 32.2' (9.8 cm) 32.2' (9.8 cm) 32.2' (9.8 cm) 32.2' (9.8 cm)
Curb weight (depending on type) 2879-3003 lbs (1308-1365 kg) 2910-3047 lbs (1322-1385 kg) 3047-3064 lbs (1385-1393 kg) 3144-3155 lbs (1429-1434 kg)
Gross vehicle weight (GVW) 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4300 lbs (1950 kg) 4190 lbs (1900 kg)
Capacity weight 980 lbs (445 kg) 960 lbs (435 kg) 1220 lbs (555 kg) 970 lbs(440 kg)
Permissible axle weight, front 1885 lbs (855 kg) 1885 lbs (855 kg) 1885 lbs (855 kg) 1885 lbs (855 kg)
Permissible axle weight, rear 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2600 lbs (1180 kg) 2340 lbs (1060 kg)
Max. trailer weight (trailer equipped with service brakes) 3300 lbs (1500 kg) 3300 lbs (1500 kg) 3300 lbs (1500 kg) 3300 lbs (1500 kg)
Max. hitch load 200 lbs. (90 kg) 200 lbs. (90 kg) 200 lbs. (90 kg) 200 lbs. (90 kg)

Cargo Space Wagon models
Length with rear seat up 44.5" (113 cm)
Length with rear seat down 74.0" (188 cm)
Maximum width 53.1" (135 cm)
Height 32.9" (84 cm)
Volume with rear seat up 41 cu.' (1.2 m3)
Volume with rear seat down 71 cu.' (2.0 m3)
Cargo opening, maximum width 45.7" (116 cm)
Cargo opening, maximum height 30.7" (78 cm)

Dimensions and weights for Canadian models

2 door 4 door Wagon Turbo wagon
Length 192" (489 cm) 192" (489 cm) 192" (489 cm) 192" (489 cm)
Curb weight (depending on type) 2970-2981 lbs (1347-1352 kg) 2855-3025 lbs (1296-1372 kg) 2976-2992 lbs (1350-1357 kg) 3122-3133 lbs (1416-1434 kg)
Gross vehicle weight 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4190 lbs (1900 kg) 4190 lbs (1900 kg)
Capacity weight 960 lbs (435 kg) 940 lbs (425 kg) 1090 lbs (495 kg) 950 lbs (430 kg)
Permissible axle weight, rear 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2470 lbs (1120 kg) 2340 lbs (1060 kg)

NOTE:
When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.
Consult your dealer for information.



pg. 89 Specifications

ENGINE
4-cylinder in-line liquid-cooled gasoline engine. Cylinder block in special cast iron. Cylinders are bored directly in block.
Cylinder head in light-alloy. Separate inlet and exhaust passages. Single overhead camshaft.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection. Exhaust Gas Recirculation ( some models also equipped with Lambda-sond® system and 3-way catalytic converter). Close crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.

Type designation B21F-Turbo B23F (automatic) B23F (manual)
Output (SAE J1349) at/rpm 131 hp/5400 114 hp/5400 111 hp/5400
Max. torque (SAE J1349) at rpm 155 ft. Ibs./3750 133 ft. Ibs./3500 136 ft. Ibs./2750
Number of cylinders4 4 4
Bore 3.62" (92 mm) 3.78" (96 mm) 3.78" (96 mm)
Stroke 3.15" (80 mm) 3.15" (80 mm) 3.15" (80 mm)
Displacement 2.13 liters 2.32 liters 2.32 liters
Compression ratio 7.5 10.3 9.5
Valves overhead overhead overhead
Valve clearance, inlet and exhaust at normal operating temp. 0.014-0.018" (0.35-0.45 mm) when checking
0.016-0.018" (0.40-0.45 mm) when adjusting
Firing order 1-3-4-2 1-3-4-2 1-3-4-2
Ignition setting, vacuum regulator disconnected 12° +/- 2° BTDC at idle 12° +/- 1° BTDC at idle (vacuum connected)
Spark plugs Volvo Part No. 273594-2 (Bosch WR7DS) Volvo Part No. 273594-2 (Bosch WR7DS)
Spark plug gap 0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.032") 0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.032")
Tightening torque15-22 ft. Ibs. (20-30 Nm) 15-22 ft. Ibs. (20-30 Nm)
Distributor, direction of rotation Clockwise Clockwise


pg. 90 Specifications

Type designationB21A (Canada)
Output (SAE J1349) at/rpm 105 hp/5250
Max. torque (SAE J1349) at rpm 127 ft. Ibs. /2500
Number of cylinders4
Bore 3.62" (92 mm)
Stroke 3.15" (80 mm)
Displacement 2.13 liters
Compression ratio 9.3
Valves overhead
Valve clearance, inlet and exhaust at normal operating temp. 0.014-0.018" (0.35-0.45 mm) when checking
0.016-0.018" (0.40-0.45 mm) when adjusting
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Ignition setting, vacuum regulator disconnected 7° +/- 2° BTDC at 750 +/- 50 rpm
Spark plugs Volvo Part No. 273597-5 (Bosch W7DC)
Spark plug gap 0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.032")
Tightening torque 15-22 ft. Ibs. (20-30 Nm)
Distributor, direction of rotation Clockwise

Cooling System
Type: Positive pressure
Thermostat begins to open at: 197°F (92°C)
Fan belts, designation: HC-38 X 925
Coolant: Volvo Coolant Type C (blue-green)

Fuel System
B21F Turbo: Fuel injection CI-system
B23F: L.H. Jetronic
B21A: Carburetor Zenith


pg. 91 Specifications

Capacities
Fuel tank 15.8 US gals = 60 liters
Cooling system 9.9 US qts = 9.4 liters
(of which expansion tank = 0.7 US qts (0.6 liter))
Oil capacity:
Cars without turbo
- engine, oil change 3.5 US qts = 3.35 liters
- engine, incl. oil filers 4.0 US qts = 3.85 liters
Cars with turbo
Same as above except if oil cooler is drained add 0.7 US qts = 0.6 liter
transmission(M46) 2.4 US qts = 2.3 liters
-auto. with overdrive 7.8 US qts = 7.4 liters
-auto. without overdrive 7.1 US qts = 6.7 liters
Rear axle 1.7 US qts = 1.6 liters
steering gear, power 0.8 US qts = 0.75 liters

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12 V, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled alternator.
Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
Voltage 12 V
Battery:
-Volvo P/N 1235272-0 *
-Capacity 60 Ah
-Electrolyte, specific gravity 1.28
-Recharge at 1.21
Alternator , - rated output 840 W**
- max. current 70 A**
* or corresponding
** B21F Turbo 770W, 55A

Lights, 12 V US bulb No. Power Socket No. of bulbs
Headlights, inner H4651 Sealed Beam Halogen 2
Headlights, outer H4656 Sealed Beam Halogen 2
Position Lights, front 67 5 W/4 cp Ba 15s 2
Turn Signals, front 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Turn Signals, rear 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Tail lights
67
5 W/4 cp Ba 15s 4
Stop Lights 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Back-up Lights 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
The following bulbs may be obtained from your nearest Volvo dealer.
Rear ash tray Light 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
License plate Light, Sedan 4 W Ba9s 2
License plate Light, Wagon 5 W S 8.5-8 2
Interior Light 10 W S 8.5-8 1
Glovebox Light 2 W Ba9s 1
Instrument Panel Light 3 W W2.1x9.5d 2
Control Panel Light 1.2 W W2x4.6d 3
Shift positions, Auto Transmission 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
Engine Compartment Light 15 W S 8.5-8 1
Trunk Light 15 W S 8.5-8 1
Warning Lamps      
  Charging 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Turn Signals 1.2 W W2x4.6d 2
  Brake Failure 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Parking Brake 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Headlights 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Oil Pressure 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Overdrive 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Warning Flashers 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  El. Heated Window 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Lambda Sond® Reminder 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Seat Belts 2 W Ba9s 2
  Bulb Failure 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Choke 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1
  Boost Pressure (Turbo) 1.2 W W2x4.6d 1


pg. 92 Specifications

Front End
Suspension is of the McPherson type with the shock absorber mounted in a strut in the coil spring.
Rack and pinion steering gear.
Power steering is standard on most models.
Safety steering column.

Front wheel alignment
The alignment specifications apply to an unloaded car but include fuel, coolant and spare wheel.
Toe-in, manual steering: 3/16"= 0.11+/- 0.04" (2.5 +/- 1 mm)
(On rim) power steering: 1/8"= 0.06+/- 0.04" (1.5 +/- 1 mm)
Caster (not to exceed 1/2° difference between sides):
-manual steering.................................................... +2° to + 3°
-power steering...................................................... +3° to + 4°
Camber (not to exceed 1/2° difference between sides):
-all, except Turbo.................................................... +1° to + 1 1/2°
-Turbo............................................................. +1/4° to + 3/4°
(Reduce camber if excessive wear on tire outer shoulder is observed)

POWER TRANSMISSION
Cable-operated clutch on the single, dry-plate type.
Floor-shifted operated manual transmission has four synchromesh forward gears and one reverse.
Overdrive available on some models.
Optional automatic transmission.
Hypoid type final drive. Limited slip differential is optional.

Clutch
Clutch release arm play approx 1/8" (3mm)
Does not apply to cars with engine B23F or B21F Turbo.

Transmission
Type designation: M46AW55
BW55
AW70
AW71
Reduction ratios:
1st gear 4.03:12.45:12.45:1
2nd gear 2.16:11.45:11.45:1
3rd gear 1.37:11.00:11.00:1
4th gear 1.00:1--
Overdrive 0.79:1-0.69:1
Reverse 3.68:12.21:12.21:1
Rear axle
Reduction ratio 3.54:1
3.73:1
3.31:1
3.54:13.91:1
3.73:1

Speeds in mph (km/h) at 1000 engine rpm

Type designation: M46M46M46
Rear axle ratio 3.31:13.54:13.73:1
1st gear 5.3(8.5)5.0(8.0)4.7(7.5)
2nd gear 9.8(15.8)9.2(14.8)8.8(14.1)
3rd gear 15.5(25.0)14.5(23.4)13.8(22.4)
4th gear 21.3(34.3)19.9(32.10)18.9(30.4)
Overdrive 26.9(43.4)25.2(40.6)23.9(38.5)
Reverse 5.8(9.3)5.4(8.7)5.2(8.3)

pg. 93 Specifications

Recommended max. and min. speeds, mph (km/h)
1st gear 2nd gear 3rd gear 4th gear
-25(-40) 10-44(20-70)20-70(30-110)25- (44-) **

**35 mph-(*55km/h-)with overdrive engaged

Tool kit
Wheel nut wrench.
2 screwdrivers (1 Phillips, 1 standard)
Tommy bar.
2 open end wrenches.

Vehicle Loading
The tires on your Volvo will perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label located on the rear facing side of the right front door. This label lists both tire and vehicle design limits.
Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.
See Consumer Information Booklet for complete tire pressure information.

Tire Pressure Label

For DL, GL, GLE Canada: 35 35

  Vehicle capacity weight Optional pressure
1-3 occupants
recommended pressure
  Special spare
tire pressure
Car Model Tire 2-d/4-d Front Rear Special spareFrontRear
Sedan DL 175R14 980/970 26 27 165-14 36 36
Sedan GL 185/70R14 960 26 27 165-14 36 36
Sedan Turbo 195/60R15 980/960sf('1)') 26 27 165-14 36 36
Sedan DL, GL, GLE (Can) P185/75R14 960/940 26 28 165-14 36 36
Wagon DL, GL P185R14 1220 27 30 175-14 40 40
Wagon Turbo 195/60R15 970sf('2)') 27 27 175-14 40 40
Wagon DL, GL (Can) P185/75R14 1090 26 30 175-14 40 40

1) Canadian vehicles 960/940
2) Canadian vehicles 950

pg. 94 Volvo Service Manuals

Service Manuals for your Volvo are available for purchase. These are the same used by competent Volvo technicians. Each major system in the car is covered by an individual Manual. These are grouped into ten sections and placed into a binder system. (Note that manuals and binders may be obtained separately or in preassembled sets.)
Major sections within the binder system include: 0-General Information; 1-Service and Maintenance; 2-Engine; 3-Electrical System and Instruments: 4-Power Transmission: 5-Brakes: 6-Suspension and Steering; 7-Frame, Springs, Dampers and Wheels; 8-Body: 9-Accessories and Other Equipment.
A Service Manual Brochure and Order Form was placed in the car prior to delivery from the dealer to you. Complete ordering information is provided.
Please note that these manuals may be offered for sale by your Volvo dealer. Prices charged by the dealer can vary from those listed in the brochure (according to Federal law).
Additional copies of the Brochure and Order Form may be obtained from your Volvo dealer, or by mail directly from:
Volvo of America Corporation
Rockleigh Industrial Park
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647
Attention: Volvo Service Literature

Note that the above pertains to vehicles sold in the U.S.A. only.

Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the N.I.A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated a high degree of competence in specific areas.
Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued.
These professional mechanics are fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating condition.

Note! The above pertains to USA only.

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