1 9 7 8
|Dimensions and weights|
|Length||191.7" (487 cm)|
|Width||67.3" (171 cm)|
|Height, curb weight||53.9" (137 cm)|
|Wheelbase||104.0" (264 cm)|
|Track, front||56.3" (143 cm)|
|Track, rear||53.5" (136 cm)|
|Turning circle (between curbs)||32.5' (9.8 cm)|
|Curb weight (depending on type)||3115-3150 lbs (1409-1427 kg)|
|Gross vehicle weight (GVW)||4190 lbs (1900 kg)|
|Capacity weight||920 lbs|
|Permissible axle weight, front||2050 lbs (930 kg)|
|Permissible axle weight, rear||2180 lbs (990 kg)|
|Max. trailer weight||2000 lbs (908 kg)|
|Max. hitch load||200 lbs. (90 kg)|
|Fuel tank||15.8 US gals/13.2 Imp. gals. = 60 liters|
|Cooling system||11.5 US qts/9.6 Imp. qts. (10.9 liters)|
|- engine, at oil change||6.8 US qts/5.7 Imp. qts. (6.5 liters)|
|- engine, excl. oil filter||6.3 US qts/5.3 Imp. qts. (6.0 liters)|
|transmission (M46)||2.4 US qts/2.2 Imp. qts. (2.3 liters)|
|transmission (BW55)||7.0 US qts/5.4 Imp. qts. (6.5 liters)|
|rear axle||1.7 US qts/1.4 Imp. qts. (1.6 liters)|
|steering gear, power||1.25 US qts/1.1 Imp. qts. (1.2 liters)|
Liquid-cooled, gasoline, 6-cylinder V-engine with 90° angle. Aluminum cylinder block with cast iron, replaceable wet liners. Aluminum cylinder head has separate inlet and exhaust passages.
Single, overhead camshafts.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection. Oxygen sensor system and catalytic converter.
Close crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.
|Output (SAE J 245) at rpm||125 hp1/5750|
|Max. torque (SAE J 245) at rpm||150 ft.lbs.2 /2750|
|Number of cylinders||6|
|Bore||3.46" (88 mm)|
|Stroke||2.87" (73 mm)|
|Valve clearance cold engine|
|inlet||0.004-0.006" (0.10-0.15 mm)|
|exhaust||0.010-0.012" (0.25-0.30 mm)|
|Type:||Positive pressure, closed system|
|Thermostat begins to open at||188°F (82°C)|
|- fully open at||199°F (92°C)|
|Fan belts, designation||HC-38 X 1125|
The engine is equipped with fuel injection system.
1) With air pump : 121 hp.
2) With catalytic converter: 148 ft.lbs.
stroboscope setting with vacuum regulator disconnected, AC off
|10-°+/-2° BTDC (at 700 - 800 rpm)|
|Spark plugs|| Volvo Part No. 273541-3
|Spark plug gap||0.028-0.032" (0.7-0.8 mm)|
|Tightening torque||13-14.5 ft. lbs. (18-20 Nm)|
|Distributor, direction of rotation||Clockwise|
12 V, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled alternator. Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
|Battery, type||Noack 12 H 70 B op*|
|-Electrolyte, specific gravity||1.28|
|Alternator, rated output||770 W|
|- max. current||55 A|
|* or equivalent||
|Lights, 12 V||US bulb No.||Power||Socket||No. of bulbs|
|Headlights, inner||4x6 1/2" Type 1A||Sealed Beam||2|
|Headlights, outer||4x6 1/2" Type 2A||Sealed Beam||2|
|Position Lights, front||67||5 W/4 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Turn Signals, front||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Turn Signals, rear||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
| Tail lights
||5 W/4 cp||Ba 15s|| 2
|Stop Lights||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||4|
|Back-up Lights||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Side Marker Lights||57||3 W/2 cp||Ba 9s||2|
|The following bulbs may be obtained from your nearest Volvo dealer.|
|Rear Ash Tray Light||1.2 W||W1.8d||1|
| License Plate Light
||5 W||S 8.5||2|
|Interior Light||10 W||S 8.5||4|
|Glove box Light||2 W||Ba9s||1|
|Instrument Panel Light||2 W||Ba7s||3|
|Control Panel Light||1.2 W||W 1.8d||3|
|Shift positions, Auto Transmission||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Engine Compartment Light||15 W||S 8.5||1|
|Trunk Light||15 W||S 8.5||1|
|Charging||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Turn Signals||1.2 W||W 1.8d||2|
|Brake Failure||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Parking Brake||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Headlights||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Oil Pressure||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Overdrive||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Warning Flashers||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|El. Heated Window||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Oxygen Sensor Reminder||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
|Seat Belts||2 W||Ba9s||2|
|Bulb Failure||1.2 W||W 1.8d||1|
Suspension is of the McPherson type with the shock absorber mounted in a strut in the coil spring.
Rack and pinion steering gear.
Safety steering column.
Front wheel alignment
The alignment specifications apply to an unloaded car but include fuel, coolant and spare wheel.
Toe-in, : 1/8"= 0.12+/- 0.06" (3.0 +/- 1.5 mm), power steering
Camber : +1° to + 1 1/2 °
Caster : not adjustable
Cable-operated clutch on the single, dry-plate type.
Floor-shift operated manual transmission has four synchromesh forward gears, one reverse and electrically operated overdrive.
Optional automatic transmission.
Hypoid type final drive. Limited slip differential is optional.
Speeds in mph (kmph) at 1000 engine rpm
|Rear axle ratio||3.73:1|
Recommended max. and min. speeds, mph (kmph)
|1st gear||2nd gear||3rd gear||4th gear|
*45 mph(70 km/h) with overdrive engaged.
Wheel nut and spark plug wrench.
2 screwdrivers (1 Phillips, 1 standard).
2 open end wrenches.
cold tires, psi
|Vehicle capacity weight|
|185/70 R 14||27||27||28||32||28||32||
|Space saver spare||36||36||36||36||
See Consumer Information Booklet for complete tire pressure
Space saver spare tire max. speed 50 mph.
Service Manuals for your 1978 Volvo are available for purchase. These
same used by competent Volvo technicians. Each major system in the car
covered by an individual Manual. These are grouped into ten sections
placed into a five-binder system. (Note that Manuals and binders may be
obtained separately or in preassembled sets.)
Major sections within the five-binder system include: 0-General Information; 1-Service and Maintenance Instruction; 2-Engine; 3-Electrical System: 4-Power Transmission: 5-Brakes: 6-Front End and Steering; 7-Frame Suspension and Wheels; 8-Body: 9-Accessories and Other Equipment.
A Service Manual Brochure and Order Form was placed in the car prior to delivery from the dealer to you. Complete ordering information is provided.
Additional copies of the Brochure and Order Form may be obtained from your Volvo dealer, or by mail directly from:
Volvo of America Corporation
Rockleigh Industrial Park
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647
Attention: Volvo Service Literature
Note that the above pertains to vehicles sold in the U.S.A. only.
Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the N.I.A.S.E.