1 9 7 7
242, 244, 245
|Dimensions and weights||242||244||245|
|Length||192.6" (489 cm)||192.6" (489 cm)||192.6" (489 cm)|
|Width||67.3" (171 cm)||67.3" (171 cm)||67.3" (171 cm)|
|Height, curb weight||56.5" (144 cm)||56.5" (144 cm)||57.5" (146 cm)|
|Wheelbase||104.0" (264 cm)||104.0" (264 cm)||104.0" (264 cm)|
|Ground clearance (full load)||4.9" (12.5 cm)||4.9" (12.5 cm)|
|Track, front||56.3" (143 cm)||56.3" (143 cm)||56.3" (143 cm)|
|Track, rear||53.5" (136 cm)||53.5" (136 cm)||53.5" (136 cm)|
|Turning circle (between curbs)||32.5' (9.8 m)||32.5' (9.8 m)||32.5' (9.8 m)|
|Curb weight (depending on type)||2844-3060 lbs (1291-1389 kg)||2886-3106 lbs (1310-1410 kg)||3071-3271 lbs (1394-1485 kg)|
|Gross vehicle weight (GVW)||4030 lbs (1830 kg)||4030 lbs (1830 kg)||4300 lbs (1950 kg)|
|Capacity weight||920 lbs (420 kg)||920 lbs (420 kg)||1120 lbs (520 kg)|
|Permissible axle weight, front||1885 lbs (855 kg)||1885 lbs (855 kg)||1885 lbs (855 kg)|
|Permissible axle weight, rear||2180 lbs (990 kg)||2180 lbs (990 kg)||2600 lbs (1180 kg)|
|Max. trailer weight||2000 lbs (908 kg)||2000 lbs (908 kg)||2000 lbs (908 kg)|
|Max. hitch load||160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg)||160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg)||160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg)|
|Length with rear seat up||44.5" (113 cm)|
|Length with rear seat down||74.0" (188 cm)|
|Maximum width||53.1" (135 cm)|
|Height||32.7" (83 cm)|
|Volume with rear seat up||42 cu. ft. (1.2 m3)|
|Volume with rear seat down||71 cu. ft. (2.0 m3)|
|Cargo opening, maximum width||45.7" (116 cm)|
|Cargo opening, maximum height||30.7" (78 cm)|
|Fuel tank||15.8 US gals/13.2 Imp. gals. 60 liters|
|Cooling system|| 10 US qts/8.5 Imp. qts 9.5 liters|
(of which expansion tank = 1 US qts/0.5 Imp. qt. (0.6 liter))
|- engine, oil change||3.5 US qts/3.0 Imp. qts. (3.35 liters )|
|- engine, incl. oil filter||4.0 US qts/3.4 Imp. qts. (3.85 liters)|
|transmission(M45)||0.8 US qts /0.7 Imp. qts. (0.75 liters)|
|(M46)||2.4 US qts/2.2 Imp. qts. (2.3 liters)|
|(BW 55)||7 US qts/5 Imp. qts. (6.5 liters)|
|rear axle||1.4 US qts/1.2 Imp. qts. (1.3 liters)|
|steering gear, power||0.8 US qts/0.6 Imp. qts. (0.7 liters)|
4-cylinder in-line liquid-cooled gasoline engine. Cylinder block in special cast iron. Bores directly in the block.
Cylinder head in light-alloy. Separate inlet and exhaust passages.
Single, overhead camshaft.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection. Air Injection Reactor and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (some models also equipped with catalytic converter). Closed crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.
|Type designation||Volvo B21 F|
|Output (SAE J 245) at/rpm||102 hp1)/5200|
|Max. torque (SAE J 245) at/rpm||114 ft.Ibs. (163 Nm)/2500|
|Number of cylinders||4|
|Bore||3.62" (92 mm)|
|Stroke||3.15" (80 mm)|
|Valve clearance, inlet and exhaust at normal operating temp.|| 0.012-0.020" (0.30-0.50 mm) when checking|
0.010-0.018" (0.40-0.45 mm) when adjusting
| 1) With catalytic converter: 99 hp|
|Type:||Positive pressure, closed system|
|Thermostat begins to open at||189°F (87°C)|
|fully open at||207°F (97°C)|
|Fan belts, designation||HC-38 X 925|
The engine is equipped with fuel injection system.
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Ignition setting, vacuum regulator disconnected, at 750 rpm
|US models (VIC 453 and 459)||12°+/-2°|
|Canada models (VIC 452 and 455)||15°+/-2°|
|Spark plugs||Volvo Part No. 273545 (Bosch W 175 T 30*)|
|Spark plug gap||0.028-0.032" (0.7-0.8 mm)|
|Tightening torque||14.5-21.7 ft. lbs. (20-30 Nm)|
|Distributor, direction of rotation||Clockwise|
12 V, negative ground.
Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
|Battery, type||Tudor 6 EX 45 o.p.*|
|-Electrolyte, specific gravity||1.28|
|Alternator , rated output||770 W|
|- max. current||55 A|
|* or corresponding|
|Lights, 12 V||US bulb No.||Power||Socket||No. of bulbs|
|Headlights||7" Type 2||Sealed Beam||2|
|Position Lights, front||67||5 W/4 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Turn Signals, front||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Turn Signals, rear||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
| Tail lights|| 67 ||5 W/4 cp||Ba 15s|| 2|
|Stop Lights||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Back-up Lights||1073||21 W/32 cp||Ba 15s||2|
|Side Marker Lights||57||3 W/2 cp||S 8.5||2|
|The following bulbs may be obtained from your nearest Volvo dealer.|
|Rear ash tray Light||1.2 W||W1.8d||1|
|License Plate Light||5 W||S 8.5||2|
|Interior Light||10 W||S 8.5||1(245:2)|
|Glove Locker Light||2 W||Ba9s||1|
|Instrument Panel Light||2 W||Ba7s||3|
|Control Panel Light||1.2 W||W1.8d||3|
|Shift positions, Auto Transmission||1.2 W||W1.8d||1|
|Engine Compartment Light||15 W||S 8.5||1|
|Charging||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Turn Signals||1.2 W||W1.8 d||2|
|Brake Failure||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Parking Brake||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Headlights||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Oil Pressure||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Overdrive||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Warning Flashers||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|El. Heated Window||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|EGR Reminder||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
|Seat Belts||2 W||Ba9s||2|
|Bulb Failure||1.2 W||W1.8 d||1|
Suspension is of the McPherson type with the shock absorber mounted in a strut in the coil spring.
Rack and pinion steering gear.
Power steering is optional.
Safety steering column.
Front wheel alignment
The alignment specifications apply to an unloaded car but include fuel, coolant and spare wheel.
Toe-in : 3/16"= 0.17+/- 0.06" (4.5 +/- 1.5 mm)manual steering
1/8"= 0.12+/- 0.06" (3.0 +/- 1.5 mm)power steering
Camber : +1° to +1 1/2°
Cable-operated clutch on the single, dry-plate type.
Floor-shift operated manual transmission has four synchromesh forward gears and one reverse.
Overdrive available on some models.
Optional automatic transmission.
Hypoid type final drive. Limited slip differential is optional.
Clutch release arm play approx 1/8" (3mm)
Speeds in mph (km/h) at 1000 engine rpm
|Rear axle ratio||3.91:1||3.91:1|
Recommended max. and min. speeds, mph (km/h)
|Rear axle ratio||1st gear||2nd gear||3rd gear||4th gear|
*45 mph(70 km/h) with overdrive engaged
Wheel nut and spark plug wrench.
2 screwdrivers (1 Phillips, 1 standard)
2 open end wrenches
Acceleration and passing ability
Vehicle stopping distance
Tire reserve load
The information concerning the 1977 Volvo 242, 244 and 245 shown in the following pages is presented in accordance with Federal requirements for comparison with other makes and models. The exacting test procedures established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration were followed to obtain the figures.
Notice: This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions and the information may not be applicable to other conditions.
Acceleration and Passing ability
This chart indicates passing times and distances that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 242, 244 and 245 in the situations diagramed below.
The high speed pass assumes an initial speed of 50 mph and a limiting speed of 80 mph.
Vehicle Stopping Distance
This chart indicates braking performance that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 242 and 244 without locking the wheels, under different conditions of loading and with partial failures of the braking system. This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions. The information may not be applicable to other conditions which may be less favorable.
Vehicle Stopping Distance
This chart indicates braking performance that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 245 without locking the wheels, under different conditions of loading and with partial failures of the braking system. This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions. The information may not be applicable to other conditions which may be less favorable.
Tire Reserve Load
This chart lists the 1977 242, 244 and 245 tire
size designations recommended by Volvo with
inflation pressure for maximum loading and the tire reserve load
percentage for each of the tires listed.
The tire reserve load percentage indicated is met or
exceeded by each vehicle to which the chart applies.
The difference, expressed as a percentage of tire load rating, between (a) the load rating of a tire at the vehicle manufacturer's recommended inflation pressure at the maximum loaded vehicle weight and (b) the load imposed upon the tire by the vehicle at that condition.
WARNING. Failure to maintain the recommended tire inflation pressure or to increase tire pressure
as recommended when operating at maximum loaded vehicle, or loading the vehicle beyond the capacities
specified on the tire placard affixed to the vehicle, may result in unsafe operating conditions due to premature
tire failure, unfavorable handling characteristics and excessive tire wear. The tire reserve load percentage
is a measure of tire capacity not of vehicle capacity. Loading beyond the specified vehicle capacity may result
in failure of other vehicle components.