1 9 7 7
VOLVO
242, 244, 245



pg. 81 Specifications


Dimensions and weights 242 244 245
Length 192.6" (489 cm) 192.6" (489 cm) 192.6" (489 cm)
Width 67.3" (171 cm) 67.3" (171 cm) 67.3" (171 cm)
Height, curb weight 56.5" (144 cm) 56.5" (144 cm) 57.5" (146 cm)
Wheelbase 104.0" (264 cm) 104.0" (264 cm) 104.0" (264 cm)
Ground clearance (full load) 4.9" (12.5 cm) 4.9" (12.5 cm)
Track, front 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm) 56.3" (143 cm)
Track, rear 53.5" (136 cm) 53.5" (136 cm) 53.5" (136 cm)
Turning circle (between curbs) 32.5' (9.8 m) 32.5' (9.8 m) 32.5' (9.8 m)
Curb weight (depending on type) 2844-3060 lbs (1291-1389 kg) 2886-3106 lbs (1310-1410 kg) 3071-3271 lbs (1394-1485 kg)
Gross vehicle weight (GVW) 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4030 lbs (1830 kg) 4300 lbs (1950 kg)
Capacity weight 920 lbs (420 kg) 920 lbs (420 kg) 1120 lbs (520 kg)
Permissible axle weight, front 1885 lbs (855 kg) 1885 lbs (855 kg) 1885 lbs (855 kg)
Permissible axle weight, rear 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2180 lbs (990 kg) 2600 lbs (1180 kg)
Max. trailer weight 2000 lbs (908 kg) 2000 lbs (908 kg) 2000 lbs (908 kg)
Max. hitch load 160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg) 160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg) 160-200 lbs. (75-90 kg)

Cargo Space 245
Length with rear seat up 44.5" (113 cm)
Length with rear seat down 74.0" (188 cm)
Maximum width 53.1" (135 cm)
Height 32.7" (83 cm)
Volume with rear seat up 42 cu. ft. (1.2 m3)
Volume with rear seat down 71 cu. ft. (2.0 m3)
Cargo opening, maximum width 45.7" (116 cm)
Cargo opening, maximum height 30.7" (78 cm)

Capacities
Fuel tank 15.8 US gals/13.2 Imp. gals. 60 liters
Cooling system 10 US qts/8.5 Imp. qts 9.5 liters
(of which expansion tank = 1 US qts/0.5 Imp. qt. (0.6 liter))
Oil capacity:
- engine, oil change 3.5 US qts/3.0 Imp. qts. (3.35 liters )
- engine, incl. oil filter 4.0 US qts/3.4 Imp. qts. (3.85 liters)
transmission(M45) 0.8 US qts /0.7 Imp. qts. (0.75 liters)
        (M46) 2.4 US qts/2.2 Imp. qts. (2.3 liters)
        (BW 55) 7 US qts/5 Imp. qts. (6.5 liters)
rear axle 1.4 US qts/1.2 Imp. qts. (1.3 liters)
steering gear, power 0.8 US qts/0.6 Imp. qts. (0.7 liters)



pg. 82 Specifications

ENGINE
4-cylinder in-line liquid-cooled gasoline engine. Cylinder block in special cast iron. Bores directly in the block.
Cylinder head in light-alloy. Separate inlet and exhaust passages.
Single, overhead camshaft.
Engine lubrication is provided by a gear pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter. Exhaust emission control accomplished by fuel injection. Air Injection Reactor and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (some models also equipped with catalytic converter). Closed crankcase ventilation system and evaporative emission control system.

Type designationVolvo B21 F
Output (SAE J 245) at/rpm 102 hp1)/5200
Max. torque (SAE J 245) at/rpm 114 ft.Ibs. (163 Nm)/2500
Number of cylinders4
Bore 3.62" (92 mm)
Stroke 3.15" (80 mm)
Displacement 2.13 liters
Valves overhead
Valve clearance, inlet and exhaust at normal operating temp. 0.012-0.020" (0.30-0.50 mm) when checking
0.010-0.018" (0.40-0.45 mm) when adjusting
1) With catalytic converter: 99 hp
Cooling system
Type: Positive pressure, closed system
Thermostat begins to open at 189°F (87°C)
      fully open at 207°F (97°C)
Fan belts, designation HC-38 X 925

Fuel system
The engine is equipped with fuel injection system.

pg. 83 Specifications

Ignition System
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Ignition setting, vacuum regulator disconnected, at 750 rpm
US models (VIC 453 and 459) 12°+/-2°
Canada models (VIC 452 and 455) 15°+/-2°
Spark plugs Volvo Part No. 273545 (Bosch W 175 T 30*)
Spark plug gap 0.028-0.032" (0.7-0.8 mm)
Tightening torque 14.5-21.7 ft. lbs. (20-30 Nm)
Distributor, direction of rotation Clockwise

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
12 V, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled alternator.
Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
Voltage 12 V
Battery, type Tudor 6 EX 45 o.p.*
-Capacity 60 Ah
-Electrolyte, specific gravity 1.28
-Recharge at 1.21
Alternator , rated output 770 W
- max. current 55 A
* or corresponding

Lights, 12 V US bulb No. Power Socket No. of bulbs
Headlights7" Type 2 Sealed Beam   2
Position Lights, front 67 5 W/4 cp Ba 15s 2
Turn Signals, front 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Turn Signals, rear 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Tail lights
67
5 W/4 cp Ba 15s 2
Stop Lights 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Back-up Lights 1073 21 W/32 cp Ba 15s 2
Side Marker Lights 57 3 W/2 cp S 8.5 2
The following bulbs may be obtained from your nearest Volvo dealer.
Rear ash tray Light 1.2 W W1.8d 1
License Plate Light 5 W S 8.5 2
Interior Light 10 W S 8.5 1(245:2)
Glove Locker Light 2 W Ba9s 1
Instrument Panel Light 2 W Ba7s 3
Control Panel Light 1.2 W W1.8d 3
Shift positions, Auto Transmission 1.2 W W1.8d 1
Engine Compartment Light 15 W S 8.5 1
Warning Lamps      
  Charging 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Turn Signals 1.2 W W1.8 d 2
  Brake Failure 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Parking Brake 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Headlights 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Oil Pressure 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Overdrive 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Warning Flashers 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  El. Heated Window 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  EGR Reminder 1.2 W W1.8 d 1
  Seat Belts 2 W Ba9s 2
  Bulb Failure 1.2 W W1.8 d 1


pg. 84 Specifications

Front End
Suspension is of the McPherson type with the shock absorber mounted in a strut in the coil spring.
Rack and pinion steering gear.
Power steering is optional.
Safety steering column.

Front wheel alignment
The alignment specifications apply to an unloaded car but include fuel, coolant and spare wheel.
Toe-in : 3/16"= 0.17+/- 0.06" (4.5 +/- 1.5 mm)manual steering
1/8"= 0.12+/- 0.06" (3.0 +/- 1.5 mm)power steering
Camber : +1° to +1 1/2°

POWER TRANSMISSION
Cable-operated clutch on the single, dry-plate type.
Floor-shift operated manual transmission has four synchromesh forward gears and one reverse.
Overdrive available on some models.
Optional automatic transmission.
Hypoid type final drive. Limited slip differential is optional.

Clutch
Clutch release arm play approx 1/8" (3mm)

Transmission
Type designation: M45 M46AW55
BW55
Reduction ratios:
1st gear 3.71:13.71:12.45:1
2nd gear 2.16:12.16:11.45:1
3rd gear 1.37:11.37:11.00:1
4th gear 1.00:11.00:1-
Overdrive -0.80:1-
Reverse 3.68:13.68:12.21:1
Rear axle
3.91:1 3.91:13.91:1

Speeds in mph (km/h) at 1000 engine rpm

Transmission: M45M46
Rear axle ratio 3.91:13.91:1
1st gear 5.0(8.1)5.0(8.1)
2nd gear 8.6(13.9)8.6(13.9)
3rd gear 13.6(21.9)13.6(21.9)
4th gear 18.7(30.0)18.7(30.0)
Overdrive -23.3(37.5)
Reverse 5.1(8.2)5.1(8.2)

pg. 85 Specifications

Recommended max. and min. speeds, mph (km/h)
Rear axle ratio 1st gear 2nd gear 3rd gear 4th gear
3.91:1 -25(-40) 10-44(20-70)20-70(30-110)25- (44)*

*45 mph(70 km/h) with overdrive engaged

Tool kit
Wheel nut and spark plug wrench.
2 screwdrivers (1 Phillips, 1 standard)
Tommy bar.
2 open end wrenches

Tires



pg. 86 Customer information

Consumer information

Acceleration and passing ability
Vehicle stopping distance
Tire reserve load

The information concerning the 1977 Volvo 242, 244 and 245 shown in the following pages is presented in accordance with Federal requirements for comparison with other makes and models. The exacting test procedures established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration were followed to obtain the figures.

Notice: This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions and the information may not be applicable to other conditions.

Acceleration and Passing ability
This chart indicates passing times and distances that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 242, 244 and 245 in the situations diagramed below.

Low speed


The low-speed pass assumes an initial speed of 20 mph and a limiting speed of 35 mph.



pg. 87 Customer information

High speed
The high speed pass assumes an initial speed of 50 mph and a limiting speed of 80 mph.




pg. 88 Customer information

Vehicle Stopping Distance
This chart indicates braking performance that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 242 and 244 without locking the wheels, under different conditions of loading and with partial failures of the braking system. This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions. The information may not be applicable to other conditions which may be less favorable.



pg. 89 Customer information

Vehicle Stopping Distance
This chart indicates braking performance that can be met or exceeded by 1977 Volvo 245 without locking the wheels, under different conditions of loading and with partial failures of the braking system. This information represents results recorded by skilled drivers under controlled road and vehicle conditions. The information may not be applicable to other conditions which may be less favorable.



pg. 90 Customer information

Tire Reserve Load

This chart lists the 1977 242, 244 and 245 tire size designations recommended by Volvo with the recommended inflation pressure for maximum loading and the tire reserve load percentage for each of the tires listed. The tire reserve load percentage indicated is met or exceeded by each vehicle to which the chart applies.

The difference, expressed as a percentage of tire load rating, between (a) the load rating of a tire at the vehicle manufacturer's recommended inflation pressure at the maximum loaded vehicle weight and (b) the load imposed upon the tire by the vehicle at that condition.

WARNING. Failure to maintain the recommended tire inflation pressure or to increase tire pressure as recommended when operating at maximum loaded vehicle, or loading the vehicle beyond the capacities specified on the tire placard affixed to the vehicle, may result in unsafe operating conditions due to premature tire failure, unfavorable handling characteristics and excessive tire wear. The tire reserve load percentage is a measure of tire capacity not of vehicle capacity. Loading beyond the specified vehicle capacity may result in failure of other vehicle components.

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